Document Name: 20161212_ACH_Kundip Gold Project_Fig 4-2 Bio Report
Low dense forest/forest habitat
Ravensthorpe Gold/Copper Project Tenements
Figure 4-2: Low Dense Forest/Forest Fauna Habitat
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The Damplands and Drainage lines contain common eucalyptus species such as Eucalyptus platypus subsp.
providing a point of difference between this habitat and the low dense forest/forest with more than six species
dominant in the upper strata including Melaleuca cucullata, Melaleuca bromelioides, Melaleuca haplantha,
Melaleuca pauperiflora subsp. pauperiflora, Melaleuca bracteosa, Melaleuca sp. Kundip (GF Craig 6020),
Melaleuca stramentosa, Melaleuca acuminata subsp. acuminata and Melaleuca cuticularis. Acacias are also
present in the mid to upper storey.
Sedges (Gahnia trifida, Gahnia ancistrophylla, Mesomelaena stygia subsp. stygia, Lepidosperma sp. Cordingup
(GF Craig 6138)), grasses (Spartochloa scirpoidea) and Herbs (*Asparagus asparagoides, Cassytha melantha)
are common ground story component.
Few species were captured in this habitat type and this may have been primarily due to the poor survey
conditions with a delayed onset of Spring and little to no warm weather during the survey. Surveys in drainage
lines during the Biota surveys in January would also not have been particularly productive due to lack of water.
Only Litoria moorei Motorbike Frog, Lymnodynastes dorsalis Western banjo frog, Tiliqua rugosa Bobtail lizard,
Rattus fuscipes Bush rat and Mus musculus House mouse were recorded.
This habitat has intrinsic value as a connective or corridor habitat to avoid fragmentation of other habitats
within the project area. Figure 4-3 illustrates the location of this habitat type in the Project area.
Document Name: 20161212_ACH_Kundip Gold Project_Fig 4-3 Bio Report
Damplands and drainage habitat
Ravensthorpe Gold/Copper Project Tenements
Figure 4-3: Damplands and Drainage Fauna Habitat
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The dry low mallee woodlands contain a broad variety of Eucalypt species including Eucalyptus falcata subsp.
primary point of difference between this habitat and the Dampland and Drainage Lines is the location of this
habitat over all rises and hills and the presence of a more diverse array of species preferring dry or better
drained substrates. Banksia (Banksia media) and Hakea (Hakea laurina, Hakea pandanicarpa subsp. crassifolia,
diverse including Allocasuarina humilis, Calothamnus gibbosus, Calothamnus gracilis, Dryandra cirsioides,
Low shrubs were also diverse and dense, including Acacia gonophylla, Baeckea corynophylla, Beaufortia
River (DB Foreman 813), Leucopogon fimbriatus, Lysinema ciliatum, Petrophile squamata subsp. northern (J
Of the 128 records of species/vegetation unity, the six vegetation units that make up this fauna community
reported 102 records. Of the 47 species recorded throughout the project area 42 were recorded within this
The records emphasise both a dominance of this vegetation type in the area and an associated sampling bias
that is unavoidable in impact assessment. That is, this habitat was sampled more because it is better
represented in the site and is also present in more areas likely to be impacted.
This is not a shortcoming of the survey design however, as more intensive sampling and a better
understanding of this fauna habitat is essential when this is the fauna habitat most likely to be impacted by the
development due to its representation across the entire site.
Within this habitat type all four of the Pygopid (true legless lizards) were collected. Large skinks, Tiliqua rugosa
and Egernia kingii were located with the latter collected under building refuge near the historic heap leach
In addition to the frequent captures of bush rat during the survey the Heath Rat was also collected in this
habitat at the northern end of the Project area. This was the same area that the Ravensthorpe Slider Lerista
viduata was recorded by Biota (Biota 2004). Chuditch were recorded on motion sensing cameras around the
Kundip battery in the lower south western section of the project area and Malleefowl observed foraging in the
same location. In addition to the Dugite, the two small elapids, Elapognathus coronatus Crown snake and
Parasuta gouldii Gould's hooded snake, were collected under building material in this habitat. The
mygalomorph spider Aname mainae was recorded in this habitat during the 2016 survey and 2004 Biota
survey. Biota also recorded this species in the low dense forest/forest and damplands and drainage habitats.
Figure 4-4 illustrates the location of this habitat type in the Project area.