Visitied areas

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Shahjalal University of Science and Technology

Department of Forestry and Environmental Science


Field Trip Report

Location: Cox’bazar, Teknaf.

  1. Fashiakhali Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Taknaf Wildlife Sanctuary

  • .Whykong Range

  • .Taknaf Range

  • .Shilkhali Range

3.Bangabandu Sheik Mujib Safari Park.


Objective for field visit:

Build an idea about forest health, forest Management system, different project run by different Ngo, deforestation rate, wildlife breeding condition etc of this forest area.

Goals for Field Visit:

  • Observe the animal and plant biodiversity and their interaction.

  • Observe the forest management system existing in those of forest area.

  • Observe the condition of forest health.

  • Observe and review of different forest project run by different NGO.

  • Observe the forest protection system and biological protection.

  • Observe the causes for forest deforestation.

  • Observe the social forest system and behavior of forest villagers.

Final Schedule of Field Visit


Visiting area



  • Plan for the tour.

  • Start journey.


Fashiakhali Range

  • Meet the beat officer.

  • Walk in the forest trail


Taknaf Wildlife Sanctuary

1.Whykong Range

2.Taknaf Range

3.Shilkhali Range

  • Walk on the trail of whykong range.

  • Observe the flora and fona of TWS.

  • Observe the buety of TWS.

  • Meet the shilkhali beat officer and walk on the trail.


Bangabandu Sheik Mujib Safari Park

  • Observe the wild animal and plant species.

Fashiakhali Wildlife Sanctuary

Basic Information:

  • Category : Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Area : 1,302 Ha

  • Established : 2007

  • Forest Type : Tropical Evergreen and Semi-Evergreen

  • District : Cox‘s Bazar

  • Upozila : Chakaria

  • Bio-Ecological Zone : Chittagong Hills And The Chts

  • Physiography : Northern and Eastern Hills

  • Coordinate : 21045' To 21040' N and 9204' To

9208' E

  • Administration : Cox‘s Bazar North Forest Division,


  • Forest Range : Fashiakhali Range

  • Beat : Dulahazra , Fashiakhali


  • Once the forest was evergreen and semievergreen with tropical landscopes of natural garjan ,Dhakijam,as the dominant species,along with canes, bamboo, shrubs and climbers.

  • Presently the wildlife sanctuary is dominated by Garjan along with some teak plantations and short rotation participatory plantations of Acacia spp,Eucalyptas.

  • Over time this complex and diverse forest has converted into consisting of a few select planted species.

  • The sanctuary however has maintained diversity in its wildlife,and is endowed with the famed Asian Elephant ,the flagship species of the sanctuary.

  • Species include the hill myna ,Red headed tragon and Besra,snakes,deer,and many more.

Management System:

  • FWS is run by a effective co-management system for conservation.

  • Formation and re-election of a co-management platform including:-

  1. Co-management committee and council. 2. Peoples’Forum

3.Village conservation forums .

  • Establishment of community patrol Groups including one women’s CPG, engaged in regular joint patrols with Forest Department field staff.

  • Development of cco-tourism support for FWS and free entrance.

Different project:

  • USAID’S integrated protected area co-management project in collaboration with MOEF and MOFL.


  • Immigration of climate change refugee migrants to the sanctuary has ostantccurred since 1991.

  • Constant forest land encroachment .

  • Challenges include brickfield within one kilometer of the scanctuary boundaries ,scarce drinking water and a basic lack of awareness towards conservation activities.

Taknaf Wildlife Sanctuary

Basic Information:

  • Category : Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Area : 11,615 Ha

  • Established : 2010 (1983)

  • Forest Type : Hill Forest

  • District : Cox‘s Bazar

  • Bio-Ecological Zone : Chittagong Hills & CHTs

  • Physiography : Northern and Eastern Hills

  • Coordinate : 200 52'-210 9' N and 9208' - 92018' E

  • Administration : Cox‘s Bazar South Forest Division,

Cox‘s Bazaar

  • Forest Beat(S) : Whykheong, Shilkhali & Tek

  • Temperature ranges : 15ºC to 32ºC,

  • Humidity ranges : 27% to 99% (BBS, 2011)


  • Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary, previously declared as game reserve in 1983 under the Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment Act, 1974).

  • It is located in the Teknaf and Ukhia Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar district near Myanmar border.

  • The Reserve is bordered by the Bay of Bengal to the south and west, the Naf River to the east and Monkhali and Thainkhali to the north.

  • The reserve is locally managed by three range offices :-

1.Teknaf Range

2.Whykhong Range

3.Shilkhali Range


  • The sanctuary is very rich in flora and represents different ecosystems including hill forest, mangrove formation and sandune.

  • Conservation significance of the sanctuary is also high because of the presence of Asian threatened elephant population.

  • A total of 535 angiosperm species (wild and cultivated) have been identified and presented based on the present study in the Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary.

  • These species have been assigned to 103 families and 370 genera.

  • . The most common first canopy tree species observed in this area are :-

Local Name

Scientific Name


Dipterocarpus turbinatus


Dipterocarpus alatus


Hopea odorata


Syzygium firmum


Swintonia floribunda

  • Animals like Goyals, Vultures, Samba Deers. Small Monkeys, Leopards and Dhanesh Birds have become extinct, others like Deers, Small Tigers, Pythons, Wild Fowls are declared as endangered animals, facing extinction.

Management System:

  • Collaborative management with a multi-stakeholders platform has been introduced under Nishorgo Support Project.

  • Since 2008, IPAC has been promoting co-management of natural resources of the sanctuary for biodiversity conservation and improving livelihoods of neighbouring population by involving 3 CMCs as platforms of multi-stakeholders including FD, civil society, local forest dependent population and administration.

  • The three CMCs in this sanctuary have 114 Village Conservation Forums, 3 People‘s Forum and 11 Community Patrolling Groups with 419 patrollers who

  • participate in joint forest patrolling with FD, 9 Forest Conservation Clubs and 114 Nishorgo Shakayaks.

  • Entry fee is also being collected since Nov 2009 in this Wildlife Sanctuary. IPAC focuses on achieving visible impacts by sustaining the CMCs, reinforcing facilitation of the capacity building of VCFs, PFs, NSs, CMCs and other key stakeholders.

Different project:

  • Identify 15 stakeholders from each side for AIGA training and grant for starting activities.

  • Identify two new AIGAs for TWS and prepare relevant training modules with

the help of EDO and EDS

  • Hold Monthly Meeting with FSP User Groups For Forest Regeneration in Core Areas.

  • Develop existing trails for Teknaf week.

  • Hold meeting with Council members regarding Teknaf Tourism week

  • Provide demonstration training and money to 7 nursery farmers.


  • The sanctuary is affected adversely from encroachment, illegal removal of forest produces, and conversion of the current land use in an unplanned way.

  • Climate change refugees from the neighboring Arakan (the Rohingyas) have migrated to the area, imposing a greater threat to its sustainable maintenance.

  • Lack of adequate employment and the ever increasing populations also have their added effect on the TWS.

Bangabandu Sheik Mujib Safari Park

Basic Information

  • Category : Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Area : 2,224 acres

  • Established : 1998

  • Forest Type : Tropical Evergreen Forest

  • Upazila: Chakoria

  • District : Cox‘s Bazar

  • Bio-Ecological Zone : Chittagong Hills & CHTs

  • Physiography : Northern and Eastern Hills

  • Coordinate : : N 210 39'36’’ and E 9203' 58’’


  •  Dulahazra Park is home to at least 4,000 animals of 165 species.

  • The nature of the forest is tropical evergreen and rich with Garjan, Boilam, Telsur and Chapalish along with herbs,shrubs and creepers

  • The seized and donated animals recently sent to the park include 90 spotted deer (chital), 42 barking deer (maya, a species of muntjac deer), three sambar deer, one freshwater crocodile, one saltwater crocodile, nine black bear, four pythons, 17 peacocks, 19 Turkish pheasants and two emus.



  • Manpower problem and Infrastructures problem.


  • To ensure effective and sustainable management for forest.

  • To identify resource and opportunities available for activity management.

  • To determine boundaries and make natural fence around the forest.

  • To maintain appropriate zonation of forest area with special concern to core zone keep intact.

  • Effective forest protection.

  • Need more manpower.

  • Stop all illegal activities.

  • Providing visitors facilities, students facility, student dormitory.

  • Continuous monitoring must be required to observe the overall condition and progress.

  • Building cultural and environmental awareness.

  • Eco-tourism development.

  • Developing Eco-tourism training, research, capacity building and information.

  • Involve all villagers and forest depended people in Co-management project.

  • Empowering local communities.

  • Multi-stakeholder participation.

  • Overall make awareness among villagers, visitors, students, local political member and Forest Department to conserve and protect the Khadimnagar National Park.

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