W hat I believe to be genuine and authentic the collected publications of William Colenso



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Order XXXIV. Araliaceæ

Genus 2. Panax, Linn.


1. Panax microphylla,974 Col.975

Flowers axillary, in 2–4 small umbellate panicles, conjoined at base and wearing a fascicled appearance, each sub-panicle containing 2–4 flowers—in all 3–14, small and inconspicuous, 1½ lines diameter, pedicelled, each pedicel surrounded by many minute stipellæ; petals broadly ovate, sub-acute, darkish-red on the outside greenish-red within, spreading, slightly recurved, deciduous; calycine teeth minute, acute, purple; filaments short, [241] alternate with petals; anthers sub-orbicular, bright yellow; disk green, convex; styles long, divergent, recurved, stout, obtuse, arising from an elevated base; stigmas slightly pencilled, purple.



Obs. Flowering in February. Each panicle almost invariably bears one large fruit before the other flowers are open. I have recently detected some larger shrubs, in those same localities, 5–7 feet high.

Order XXXVI. Loranthaceæ

Genus 1. Loranthus, Linn.


1. Loranthus polychroa,976 sp. nov.

A glabrous spreading shrub of irregular horizontal growth; branches extending 2–3 feet. Leaves 2–2½ inches long, 7–10 lines broad, narrow-oblong and oblong-lanceolate, very obtuse and rounded at apex, sometimes (rarely) apiculate, tapering at base and narrowed into a rather long petiole 4–6 lines long, coriaceous, sub-glaucous-green, veins obscure when fresh, very apparent in dried leaves, 5–7 diverging from near base, margins thickened, sub-revolute, coloured red, and regularly and finely tuberculated. Racemes erect, about 1 inch long, 12–16-flowered; peduncle quadrangular, stout, tapering; pedicels decussate 2 lines long; flowers bright orange-red, 7–8 lines long; corolla slender, straight, swollen about the middle at base of filaments; petals linear-spathulate, sub-acute, longer than anthers, combined to below the middle, recurved and appressed from middle, darkish-coloured on outside at tips; anthers linear; style filiform longer than anthers; stigma dark red, globular, finely papillose; calyx rather deep, margin uniform, even; tube cylindrical, oblong, length of pedicel.



Hab. Parasitical and high up on trunks of Fagus solandri; woods near Norsewood, County of Waipawa, but scarce; March, 1884: W.C. Specimens, flowers, and leaves picked up.

Obs. A species near to L. flavidus, Hook. fil., yet distinct (vide descript. supra), as well as from the many other described species (nearly 200!) of this large genus.

Order XXXVII. Caprifoliaceæ

Genus 1. Alseuosmia, A. Cunn.


1. Alseuosmia pusilla,977 sp. nov.

A small glabrous shrub, 5–8 (rarely 10) inches high, erect, simple, sometimes bearing 2–3 very short branches, and also other plants once forked from the base.

Leaves few, 8–12, distant, spreading, petiolate, 1–2½ inches long, oblong and obovate-lanceolate, obtuse with a small mucro, with 3–6 minute and fine distant teeth, sometimes quite entire, sub-coriaceous, green splashed and spotted with red, obsoletely veined, margins red; petioles 3–4 lines long, rather stout. Flowers few, scattered, single, lateral from near base or [242] near top, rarely axillary, drooping; peduncle stout, glabrous, spotted and striped with red (also the calyx and corolla without), bearing two small alternate bracts, and 3–4 red bracts together at the base with red spreading hairs within; calyx glabrous, 5-lobed, lobes deltoid acute; corolla 4–5 lines long, 5-lobed, lobes thickish, revolute, of a light straw or pale primrose colour, velvety, not veined, sides ruguloso-fimbriate to base, each lobe bearing 3–4 rather long cylindrical white obtuse fimbriæ at tip; anthers large, orbicular, 2-lobed, lobes turgid, shorter than corolla-tube, and longer than the style; stigma large, globose. Berry large, 8–9 lines long, ellipsoid, thickest at apex, succulent, smooth, shining, bright red, containing 9 (or more) dark brown seeds, 2 lines long, oblong, slightly curved and obtusely angled, finely striate, shining.

Hab. In shady forests near Norsewood, County of Waipawa; 1884: W.C.

Obs. I. The unexpected discovery of this little shrub pleased me much: (1) from the genus being very scarce in this part of the island, though common in the woods at the north (Bay of Islands, etc.); I had only once before (in 1848) fallen in with a species978 so far south, and then only in one spot, in the dense forest between the rivers Manawatu and Ruamahanga: (2) from the distinctness of this species: (3) from the small size of the shrub—a little erect hard-wooded tree in miniature; and (4) from its very large and bright red fruit (which indeed was the cause of my detecting it, hidden among the dense undergrowth of ferns and small herbaceous plants); it bears the largest berry of the known species of the genus.

Obs. II. I brought away living four shrubs, each 5–6 inches high; and planted them here at Napier in a large flowerpot. These are all healthy, and are now flowering (September), although they have not yet fully evolved a leaf; some of the flowers are about 1–2 inches from the base, and all from old wood. From its delicious odour (common to the genus) this species being so small will make a suitable pot plant.

Order XXXIX. Compositæ

Genus 1. Olearia, Mœnch.


1. Olearia multibracteolata,979 sp. nov.

A shrub about 6–7 feet high of dense foliage and thick compact growth; “bark on trunk rough grey and somewhat scaly, wood hard, and leaves in age acquiring a brown colour.” Branchlets long slender, dark brown, sulcated, villous with brown and grey pubescence. Leaves 1–2½ inches long, ½–¾ inch wide (decreasing in size towards ends of branches), linear-oblong, obtuse with a tooth, alternate, distant, coriaceous, incurved, deeply [243] and sharply serrate, or bi-serrate—the serratures having small teeth in the sinuses, margined, bases dimidiate and sub-truncate, glabrous and shining on upper surface, clothed below with fine appressed golden silky hairs, midrib stout, keeled below, costal veins forming obtuse angles with midrib, greatly and finely reticulated on the upper surface, almost tessellated with minute squarish dots that are sometimes crescent-shaped; petioles ½ inch long, stout, deeply channelled, dark brown, largely decurrent slightly winged or ridged extending to next leaf below. Flowers whitish, in small rounded terminal corymbose-panicles, arising from axils of leaves; panicles long slender, 1–2 inches long, leafy; sub-panicles with 2–4 flowers; flowers rather distant, but together form a close compact corymbose head; peduncles slender, each with a small leaf at its base; pedicels about 3 lines long, slender; peduncles, pedicels, and involucres thickly covered with viscid glandular pubescence, odoriferous. Head of flowers small, about 2 lines long, 2–3 lines diameter, sub-cylindrical or infundibuliform, few-flowered, soon expanding; involucre with 1–2, or more, leafy bracteoles at its base; involucral scales in two rows, brown with a dark centre, outer shorter and ovate-acuminate, inner long linear obtuse, fimbriate at tips with brown curly tomentum. Florets of the ray white, 7–9, largely revolute, nearly twice as long as the involucre,—of the disk 5–6, reddish, pubescent without; pappus short, rather shorter than florets, not thickened at tips, of a light-brownish colour (ochroleucus); achenes small, sub-linear-obovoid, somewhat flattened, ribbed and very hairy; receptacle very small, somewhat irregular and ridgy.



Hab. Forests about Woodville, River Manawatu, North Island; 1882–84. Flowering February and March: Mr. S. Hutching.

Obs. A species closely allied to O. dentata and ilicifolia, with which I was at first inclined to place it; but a closer examination of better and flowering specimens has yielded important characters possessed by neither of those species. It has a very strong and not unpleasant smell, particularly the clammy glandular pubescence of its heads of flowers. Mr. Hutching informed me that, during several years residence there, he had only noticed this one plant, which he had early removed into his garden. I think it will make a neat garden shrub.

2. Olearia populifolia,980 sp. nov.

Branchlets slender, bark brown, striate, thickly hairy with brown and grey hairs. Leaves alternate, rather distant, 2–3 inches long, 1½–2¼ inches broad, membranaceous, broadly ovate, acute, acuminate, sometimes sub-orbicular and dimidiate, sub-truncate at base, sinuate, toothed, teeth few distant and (apex) knobbed, glabrous above, clothed below with densely appressed short pale greenish-white wool of a satiny appearance, midrib [244] prominent below and densely covered with brown hairs; petioles 5–9 lines long, rather slender, brown, hairy, deeply channelled above, dilated at base but not decurrent. Flowers sub-terminal in long slender sub-corymbose and axillary panicles, 4 inches long, panicles and sub-panicles each with a single small obtuse densely-haired brown bracteole at base; heads few, broad, spreading, 4–5 lines diameter, rather distant, on slender pedicels 5–6 lines long; involucral scales in three rows, brown with a dark mid-line, outer short sub-ovate, acute, densely hairy on the back, inner longest, linear, obtuse, glabrous on back, densely fimbriate at edges and tips; florets few, tubes glandular-pubescent, thickened downwards; florets of ray broadly lanceolate, tips obtuse and very slightly emarginate; stigmas much exserted, long, narrow, acute, spreading; pappus short, acute, dirty-white, tips recurved reddish; receptacle small, convex, ridgy; achene very small, less than 1 line, nearly linear, broadest at top, sub-cylindrical and very slightly angled, very hairy.



Hab. Woods, east side of the Ruahine Mountain range, County of Waipawa, North Island; January 1884: Messrs. H. Hill and A. Hamilton.


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