1. Polypodium rupestre, Br., var. sinuatum,1002 Col.
Rhizome long, rather stout, creeping, branched, climbing trees, scaly; scales ovate-acuminate, light brown, fixed by centre. Fronds scattered but not distant, erect, of 2 or more forms tapering into long and very slender stipes, somewhat coriaceous, margins recurved, veins largely anastomosing and visible between eye and the light, densely covered with white stellate hairs; hairs 10–11-rayed with brown centres, giving the plant a finely spotted appearance; barren fronds 4–5½ inches long, 1–1¼ inches wide, rhomboid- and oblong-lanceolate, coarsely sinuate, almost crenate; fertile 8–8½ inches long, 8 lines wide, broadly lanceolate, margins sinuate, tips sub-acute; stipes of both barren and fertile fronds 2 inches long, with a thick cluster of imbricated scales at bases; base-scales ovate-acuminate, minutely tuberculate. Sori rather small, often oblong, and distant.
Hab. On living trees, woods, Seventy-mile Bush, between Matamau and Danneverke, County of Waipawa; 1883–84 (also in woods, East Coast): W.C.
Obs. A very fine and striking variety (as I take it) of the well-known and common Polypodium rupestre; it is not only a much larger plant than  that, but it is also thinner, and sori smaller often oblong and less prominent, more hairy on both surfaces, and stellate hairs with a larger number of rays; the copious scales too are different. When I first detected this plant in the woods on the East Coast in 1846, I noticed only a few specimens, and I thought it was only a “sport” of P. rupestre; but where I lately found it, it was very plentiful.
Order IV. Musci.
Genus 41. Bartramia, Hedwig.
1. Bartramia readeriana,1003 sp. nov.
Stems densely tufted, tall, robust, ascending, ⅓-inch diameter, 1½–3½ inches long, vaguely dichotomously branched, thickly tomentose with red branched and implexed tomentum; branches above fascicled, strict, almost glabrous, red. Leaves spreading (some are truly divaricating, at first spreading then bent downwards), pale yellow-green, shining, with a short sheathing base, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, gradually narrowed into a very long hair-like point, serrulate to tips, plaited, minutely papillose, twisted (to the right) when dry contorted; nerve slender, percurrent; cells dense, linear, the marginal at the base larger oblong and translucent; perichætial leaves broader with lax cells. Fruitstalk 1–1½ inches high, erect, red, shining. Capsule large, inclined or horizontal, ovoid, grooved when dry; operculum convex, apiculate; teeth red; spores very minute. Calyptra 2 lines long, narrow, blackish at tip, apiculate. Inflorescence diœcious; antheridia capitulate.
Hab. Among Hepaticæ on dry elevated ridges, open woods, Seventy-mile Bush, between Norsewood and Danneverke, County of Waipawa; 1882–84: W.C.
Obs. I. A species allied to B. pendula, sieberi and comosa; differing from pendula, mainly in the very long points of the leaves, that are twisted when dry and papillose, and in the erect capsule; from sieberi, in the shining long-pointed and twisted leaves; and from comosa in the long-pointed, twisted and broader leaves, which are serrulate throughout, its densely tomentose stems, and apiculate operculum; and from all three species, also, in the translucent marginal cells at the base of leaves. It appears, however, to be nearest to this last species—comosa.
Obs. II. This species seems to be scarce; hitherto I have only detected it in two similar open ridgy spots, growing two-thirds concealed among dense and erect pale Hepaticæ (Mastigobryum, sp. nov. ?); and then only in small quantities, and rarely found in fruit, although I have visited those places some twenty times in hopes of finding good fruiting specimens. From its dense and shaggy tomentum, and intermixed habit among the Hepaticæ, and aged appearance it seems to be of very slow growth. 
Obs. III. I have with pleasure named this species after Mr. F. Reader (formerly of Blenheim, New Zealand, but now of Victoria), an amiable, persevering and unassuming young botanist, and diligent collector of plants, especially mosses; which Order he has long made his particular and close study, and that from pure love of nature, and not for mere pecuniary gain.
Genus 71. Hookeria, Smith
1. Hookeria trichophora,1004 sp. nov.
Plant small, under 1 inch high, densely tufted, stems erect; branches red, stout, ½–¾ inch long, simple and branched above, rooting below. Leaves minute, ⅓ of a line long, sub-quadrifarious, oblong-orbicular, acuminate, serrulate half-length down from tip, nerve about half-through; crisp when dry; cells very small above, increasing in size downwards from apex of nerve and very large at base; perichætial erect, sub-ovate-lanceolate, acuminate. Fruitstalk erect, ½–¾ inch long, longer than stems, flexuous, smooth, red, springing from below the base of a branch, thickened and rooting at base. Capsule oval, inclined or horizontal, sub-apophysate, reddish, beak long, curved upwards. Calyptra white, fimbriate at base, tip black and hairy; hairs loose and very long,
Hab. In patches on rotten trunks, deep and wet forests, Norsewood, County of Waipawa 1884: W.C.
Obs. A species having some affinity with H. apiculata and rotundifolia differing from the former in its nerve and small cells; and from the latter by its small cells and white and hairy calyptra.
2. Hookeria sciadophila,1005 sp. nov.
Plant 1–1½ inches high, sub-flabellate, bipinnately branched, thickly tomentose below on main stems with branched red-brown hairs; branches flat, compressed, 3–4 lines wide, slightly concave, dark below, branchlets and leaves closely imbricate. Leaves sub-quadrifariously disposed, broadly elliptic, round at tips, above 1 line long, spreading, flat, light green, nerve extending nearly to margin, margin entire and very thin; cells small in regular hexagons in the upper portion, and in very large oblong-hexagons at lower half of nerve and base of leaf; perichætial small, ovate, nerve stronger and cells larger. Fruitstalk lateral, springing from base of branchlets, 3 lines long, black, flexuous, shining, incrassated at base with a sheathing ring; 2–3 together on a branchlet. Capsule oblong, sub-erect, regularly and finely reticulate; operculum conical, beak long. Calyptra small, glabrous, very acuminate, tip black, slightly and finely lacerate at base.
Hab. On the ground, sides of deep narrow watercourses, dark forests near Norsewood, County of Waipawa; 1883–84; W.C.
3. Hookeria, luteo-virens,1006 sp. nov.
Plant largely gregarious, stout, sub-erect, 2–2½ inches high, dichotomously branched above, branches sub-compressed, 5–6 lines wide, stem stout, dark brown. Leaves sub-quadrifariously disposed, oblong-orbicular, 2 lines long, obtuse and rounded at tip, dorsal and ventral smaller and more orbicular, minutely papillose, thin, margins entire, light green, whitish and yellowish at tips, slightly convex, densely imbricated; nerve short, forked, slender, green, largely cellular; cellules (of leaf) large, sub-orbicular, smaller at margins and apex, larger and oblong at base; perichætial erect, small, sub-rhombic, nerveless. Fruitstalk stout, 1¼ inches long, smooth, flexuous, twisted, slightly sulcate, dark brown, thickened at base. Capsule oblong, reddish, smooth (minutely reticulate under a lens), cernuous, slightly tuberculate at base; tubercles few and mostly above, round, smooth; cells of capsule large, oblong; external teeth 4-lined longitudinally, pretty closely trabeculate, strongly denticulate, reddish. Calyptra large scabrid, whitish, ragged at base.
Hab. Sub-pendulous on sides of shaded cliffs, in large patches, but rarely fruiting, in forests, Seventy-mile Bush, County of Waipawa; 1883–84: W.C.
Obs. A fine species having affinity with H. quadrifaria, but differing in several particulars.
4. Hookeria lophophora,1007 sp. nov.
Stems simple and slightly once-branched, flat, sub-erect, 1½ inches high, 4 lines broad, thickly clothed between leaves with large red branched transparent and jointed hairs. Leaves pale, densely imbricated, sub-quinque-fariously disposed, the lateral ones spreading, crisp when dry, broadly oblong-apiculate, 2 lines long, very thin, transparent, margined, upper portion sharply serrulate; nerve forked; dorsal and ventral similarly shaped but smaller; cells lax, orbicular-hexagonal in the upper part of leaf, larger and oblong-hexagonal in the central and lower part; perichætial oblong, very acuminate. Fruitstalk springing from near the top of stem, 2½ lines long, stout, pale, hairy; hairs short, patent; much fimbriate at top; fimbriæ erect, crest-like, nodding over apophysis. Capsule apophysate, inclined or horizontal, sub-obovate, turgid, red, finely reticulated, shining, tuberculate at base; apophysis dark brown. Calyptra not seen.