A rare but widespread species known from 23 small populations between Three Springs and Pinjarra, with
a single disjunct occurrence near Dumbleyung. In the Moora District it is known from areas of low heath
on the lateritic tops of hills in 9 populations between Mt Lesueur and Eneabba.
Current: Declared Rare Flora
ENE of Mt Lesueur
NNE of Mt Lesueur
SSE of Coomaloo Hill
0 (2 seen in 1989)
13. Robb Rd, N of Eneabba
15.* ENE of Jurien
0 (last seen in 1975) -
20.* NE of Mt Peron
23. Mt Lesueur
Fire does not affect plant if it occurs during its dormant period (December-April). However, plants are
adversely affected if burnt during their growing period (May-November). Susceptibility to weed invasion
is high, weeds competing with the plants, and grazing is also detrimental.
Unknown, but thought to be low.
- Continue close liaison with landowners/managers and local authorities.
- Monitor populations regularly to determine their conservation status.
- Protect from fire, where possible, during the growing period.
- Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.
- Germplasm material should be collected for storage according to the protocols of the Threatened Flora
Seed Centre at the Western Australian Herbarium.
- Further surveys should be carried out in areas of suitable habitat.
Hoffman and Brown (1992), Hopper
This species was first collected in 1961 by F. Lullfitz and was described in 1991 by Alex George. It is a
tall shrub to 2.6 m high, with leaves which are orbicular in shape and which have smooth margins. They
are 2-4.5 mm wide. The flowers are in dense spikes and are white with a pink centre. The bracteoles are
persistent. The sepals are 4-6 mm long with 10-13 plumose lobes, and with peltate, white, fringed basal
auricles covering the hypanthium. The midrib of the sepal lobe is 0.1-0.2 mm wide. The petals are 4-5 mm
long, almost orbicular in shape, with a fringe 1 mm long and with small basal auricles. The anthers are
attached basally with a swollen filament apex, opening by slits. The staminodes are entire, linear- subulate,
with prominent oil glands. The style is 6-6.5 mm long, curved in the upper part with a beard of sparse hairs
0.5-0.7 mm long.
This species is related to
Verticordia chrysostachys which occurs from Northampton to the Murchison
River. It differs from that species in its flower colour (yellow in
petals, sparsely glandular stamens, style less curved and with sparse hairs surrounding the upper style.
or dark pink on separate plants or on the same plant.
Known currently from three populations, less than 2 km apart, south-west of Three Springs. The species
has been recorded in the past from near Eneabba and from another locality west of Coorow. It grows on
white-grey to yellow sand over gravel in scrub or thicket to 3 m. Associated species include
No. of Plants
1. SW of Three Springs
Partly cleared to
corner, some plants
2. Three Springs to
Partly cleared by
1.* W of Coorow
Not refound in 1992
1. Sweetman Road
This area cleared
Several plants regenerated at population 1 about three years after it had been partially cleared.
- Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.
- The road verge populations need to be monitored, particularly for disease.
- Maintain liaison with landowner and local authority.
- Protect from frequent fire, where possible, until response is known.
- Control weeds at road verge populations.
- Investigate the possibility of land acquisition.
- Collect seed for storage according to the protocols of the Threatened Flora Seed Centre at the Western
- Further survey is required, particularly between Three Springs to Eneabba and Alexander Morrison
- Conduct research on the population biology and fire response of the species.
- Consider establishment of the species in a conservation reserve.
This species was described in 1878 by George Bentham from material collected at Champion Bay, which is
now part of the town of Geraldton.
Wurmbea tubulosa is a small plant 1-3 cm tall, with an ellipsoid corm to 2.5 cm long. There are three
leaves, the lower two are basal and similar in length and width, without a distinct section of stem between
their bases. They are very broad, 3-22 mm wide, lanceolate in shape, held flat to the ground. The upper
leaf is smaller and erect, emerging from the two lower leaves or attached to the stem just above them. The
flowers are either male or female, borne on separate plants. There are 1-16 flowers in the inflorescence.
The male flowers are in an open inflorescence which is taller than the uppermost leaf, whereas the female
flowers are in a dense inflorescence which is almost concealed between the two basal leaves at ground
level. The perianth is 6-7 mm long in male flowers, 9-12 mm in female flowers, white to pale pink in
colour and joined at the base into a long tubular section, for about half the perianth length. The upper
section of the perianth is divided into six equal lobes, each having a single nectary, which is a narrow,
curved mauve pink band, situated a third to a half the distance from the base of the lobe, and slightly raised.
There are six stamens in the male flowers and a superior ovary with three styles in the female flowers. The
fruit is a capsule with spherical, smooth, brown seeds.
This species differs from all other Western Australian species in that the perianth is tubular for up to half its
W. drummondii is a related species but differs in that the perianth is united into a tube for up to a
quarter of its length. It also differs in the smaller flowers, which are fewer in each flower head.
Until survey work was undertaken in the Moora District, this species was known from five populations in
the Geraldton District, two from west of Mingenew (populations 3 and 4 ), another from east of Mingenew
(population 5) and two north of Dongara (populations 1 and 2). However, in 1991 a sixth was found east of
Dongara in the Moora District. More recently two populations have been found further to the south-east.
One is within the Moora District to the north of Three Springs, the other at Yandanooka. The plants in both
these populations appeared smaller than is typical for the species, but is thought to be a result of poor
growth in a dry season. They appear to be almost intermediate with
for the species is ca. 100 km, but the type location at Champion Bay is ca. 35 km further north.
drainage lines and in seasonally wet places in woodland of
that are seen at a particular population from one year to another, possibly depending on good rainfall.
6. E of Dongara
MRWA Road Reserv
growing on well-
8. N of Three Springs
Shire or MRWA
Unknown. Plants at population 6 were growing on a well-used, compacted track with little other vegetation.
There were few plants in the areas adjacent to the track, which were heavily weed infested. A large
population in the Geraldton District had been grazed for many years until shortly before its discovery.
- Monitor populations regularly.
- Consider weed control at population 6.
- Maintain liaison with managers of land on which the populations occur.
- Efforts should be made to acquire the townsite reserve on which population 7 occurs as a conservation
- Further survey is required for this small and inconspicuous species, particularly in suitable habitat in the
- Reassess the conservation status of the species after fieldwork has been completed for the Rare Flora
Management Program for the Geraldton District.
Bentham (1878), Macfarlane (1980, 1987), Patrick and Hopper (1982).
in 1980 on a narrow road verge near Piawaning on the western side of the Merredin District.
the ends of the branches, which have prominent leaf and bud scars lower down. The leaves are sessile, stiff
and linear, 10-15 mm long, 0.8-1 mm wide, with long, spreading, whitish hairs which are shed on the older
leaves. The flowers are grouped 4-10 in short clusters, usually on one side of the stem but sometimes
almost encircling it, on the lower parts of the stem from which the leaves have fallen. The calyx tube is
bell-shaped, densely hairy at the base, the hairs shorter and less dense higher up. There are five narrow
petals to 7 mm long, orange-brown in colour, and five equal staminal claws, 20-25 mm long, pinkish-red to
dark crimson in colour. They have 15-19 filaments on each claw, the anthers are 1-1.5 mm long. The fruit
are depressed globular to cylindrical, with five short lobes which wear away with age. They are 5-6 mm
long, 6.2-8 mm wide, densely hairy at first. The seeds are 1.5-2 mm long, dark or chocolate brown in
This species is closely related to
slightly narrower, less hairy leaves and flower clusters on leafy parts of the stems, and with 1-5 smaller
flowers with shorter anthers in each flower cluster.
C. brevifolius has hairs on the calyx tube which are
thicker, less spreading and less than 1 mm long, and its fruits are smaller, with smaller, brown seeds.
which has longer leaves 20-25 mm long, flower clusters on leafy stems with 4-8 flowers in each cluster, 20-
25 stamen filaments on each staminal claw, shorter anthers, narrower fruits, 5-6 mm wide and smaller
seeds, 0.7-1 mm long, dark grey in colour.
The three species are thought to be closely related and there is some overlap in several of these characters.
Flowering Period: February
Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District
The population from which the species was described, occurred just east of the Moora District to the east of
Piawaning, in the Merredin District, but has since been destroyed by roadworks. Specimens from
Watheroo, Three Springs and the Lesueur area closely approach
assigned to either species with certainty. These have been given the phrase name
(E.A.Griffin 2490) [aff.
taxonomic work to clarify the status of these populations. At the original population,
sandy soil over laterite, on a road verge with remnant heathland vegetation including
Current: Declared Rare Flora, Presumed Extinct
The population when last seen was surviving on a road verge infested with “grassy weeds”.
- Populations of C. sp. Lesueur (E.A.Griffin 2490) [aff. hirsutus] need to be protected from disturbance
or possible loss, at least until the status of this taxon has been clarified.
- Further collections should be made, with further study in the field and taxonomic work to clarify the
C. sp. Lesueur (E.A.Griffin 2490) [aff. hirsutus] and its relationship to C. accedens.
E. Griffin (personal communication), Hawkeswood (1984a, 1984b).
This species is known only from the type collections made in 1947 by C.A. Gardner and from collections
made by Drummond last century. It was described in 1974, the specific name referring to the rounded
Lasiopetalum rotundifolium is an erect shrub to at least 40 cm tall, with branchlets with stellate and simple
hairs. The leaves are alternate, on stalks 10-20 mm long, the blade 7-35 mm long and 9-30 mm wide.
They are deeply wrinkled and almost circular in shape, with lobes above the point of attachment of the
stalk, giving a deep heart shape. They have a close covering of grey, stellate hairs on the lower surface,
and are hairless on the upper surface. The inflorescence is compact, with a straight main axis, 20-40 mm
long with ca. 8 flowers. There is one ovate bracteole below each flower, distant from the calyx, which is
pink, 6 mm long, tomentose on the outside and divided nearly to the base into 5 ovate lanceolate lobes.
The petals are absent. There are five maroon anthers and the style has large, white, reflexed, stellate hairs.
ovate, less cordate leaves.
The specimens collected by James Drummond are without precise locality information. The locality south
of New Norcia has been searched without success, during this survey and in 1982 (Millar 1982). There are
no habitat details recorded for the species but the locality south of New Norcia has been partially cleared.
Much of the area was originally wandoo woodland.
Populations Known in the Moora District
1.* S of New Norcia
Response to Disturbance
Unknown, but thought to be high.
Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback
- Further survey should be conducted for the species particularly in conservation areas south of New
now extant Declared Rare Flora (updated at December 1999)
Norcia in conjunction with survey for the two undescribed species of
“Green Hill”) which are poorly known, listed as Priority 1 and have been recorded from the same area.
Fitzgerald. It is an erect shrub 45-60 cm tall, with alternate leaves which are erect, the margins often curled
round the stem, ovate to ovate lanceolate in shape, with crisped, membranous margins and with a pungent
point. The leaves are concave and striate in the lower half, 4-6 mm long and almost sessile, with a very
short stalk. The flowers are in groups of one to three in the axils of the upper leaves. Each flower has
bracteoles at the base as third as long as the sepals, rounded with membranous margins. The five sepals are
broadly lanceolate. The flower is white, joined at the base to form a tube just longer than the calyx. The
five free lobes are bearded on the inside, but with acute, hairless tips. The anthers are oblong, attached near
the top of the tube, and are without sterile tips. The style is barely longer than the petal tube.
mucronate tip and from the latter in the inflorescence, in which the peduncles are 1-2 flowered. It is also
L. amplectans, which has sterile tips to the anthers.
Flowering Period: July-September
Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District
The species has not been refound in the Moora District since the type collection was made at Arrino in
1903, in the north-east of the District. It was recorded as growing on sandplain. However, six populations
District in 1990 by F. Mollemans who identified them as
identification with J.M. Powell, who is working on a revision of the genus
1993). These specimens have recently been confirmed as this species.