Western australian wildlife management program no. 28 Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Moora District



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Response to Disturbance

44

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Ensure that markers are present at all road verge populations.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

George (1996), M. Pieroni (personal communication).



45

Dryandra kippistiana A.S.George var. paenepeccata A.S.George

PROTEACEAE

[

Dryandra sp. 46 (A.S.George 16866) [aff. sclerophylla]]

A lignotuberous, multistemmed, erect shrub to 1.2 cm tall, with linear, pinnatifid leaves which

have 10-20 lobes.  They are white-tomentose below.  The flowers are pale yellow, grouped 50-80

per head.  The inner involucral bracts are up to 10 mm long, shorter than the flowers.  The

perianth has fine spreading hairs and is 18-20 mm long.  The pistil is 24-25 mm long.  The

follicles remain closed until burnt. 

This variety differs from var. 

kippistiana in the later flowering time (August to October in var.

kippistiana) and in the leaves, which are straighter, more erect and coarsely lobed than those of

var. 


kippistiana.  Both varieties are vegetatively similar to Dryandra sclerophylla, but are

distinguished by the pistil, which is more slender and is looped before anthesis and has a thicker

pollen presenter.  There has been considerable confusion in the past between these taxa.

Flowering Period:  October-November

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs at scattered localities within the range of the species, from Eneabba and Mt Lesueur to the

southern boundary of the District.

Also occurs further south in the Gingin and Armadale areas in the Swan Region.

Grows on lateritic uplands, in low open heath in grey brown sandy gravel or grey sand over

laterite.  Associated species include 



Calothamnus sanguineus, Hibbertia hypericoides and

Lambertia multiflora.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants Condition

1.  Willis Road

Co

-



31.10.1986

-

-



2.  SW of Carnamah

Ca

Shire Road Reserve 4.10.1990



2

Disturbed

1.* Mt Peron

D

National Park



25.10.1979

-

-



2.* W of Gillingarra

D

-



1.10.1988

-

-



3.* W of Mt Peron

-

-



15.11.1971

-

-



4.* N of Regans Ford

D

-



14.11.1964

-

-



5.* Near Eneabba

-

-



9.1963

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Population 2 occurred in an area burnt three years previously.  The plants were 25 cm tall.



Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

46

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required to refind and survey all past recorded populations and to establish

the full extent of the variety throughout the range.  Taxonomic confusion in the past has been

clarified by recent work by A.S. George and it should now be possible to assess accurately the

conservation status of the taxon.

References

George (1996).



47

Dryandra stricta A.S.George

PROTEACEAE

This species was originally included on the Priority Flora List as

 Dryandra sp. 15 (E.A.Griffin

3453) [aff.



 hewardiana] and was listed as Dryandra aff. patens (E.A.Griffin 1507) in Burbidge

and van Leeuwen (1990).  It was referred to as 



Dryandra sp. I (Voucher E.A.Griffin 2404) in

Griffin (1985).  (The account on P.30 should read "related to 



D. patens", not "D. armata".

A shrub to 3 m tall, without a lignotuber.  It is single-stemmed at base, usually much-branched

and spreading or erect and columnar.  The branches are densely leaved, leaves rigid, dark green in

colour and white-tomentose beneath.  They are 5-20 cm long, 4-9 wide with 8-18 triangular teeth

on each side.  The flower heads are in the upper leaf axils, surrounded by a few floral leaves.  The

flowers are pale yellow or cream, 23-25 mm long, with a straight pistil to 31 mm long.  The

follicles have prominent veins.

Flowering Period:  August-October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Endemic to the Moora District, occurring between the Eneabba and Badgingarra areas. 

A large population has also been recorded in the eastern section of Lesueur National Park

(Burbidge and van Leeuwen 1990).

Grows on lateritic rises amongst massive laterite in grey sand or clay and gravel in scrub or dense

to low open heath.  Sometimes occurs in open mallee woodland with 



Eucalyptus drummondii or

in sandy loam over sandstone in open heath.  Also occurs in lower damp areas, near a creek and

in wandoo woodland.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire Land Status

Last Survey No. of Plants Condition

1.  Coomalloo

D

Nature Reserve,



MRWA Road Reserve

21.10.1992

30+

Undisturbed



2.  S of Eneabba

Ca

Nature Reserve



6.11.1992

20 est.


Undisturbed

3.  Boothendarra

D

Nature Reserve



29.4.1992

5+

Undisturbed



4.  Watheroo West Road

D

Shire Road Reserve



20.10.1992

20+


Undisturbed

5.  Coorow-Greenhead Road Co

MRWA Road Reserve 21.10.1992

20+


Good

6.  Nebroo Spring

TS

Unvested Reserve



22.10.1992

30+


Undisturbed

7.  Cantabilling Road

D

Shire Gravel Reserve 1.5.1991



200 est.

Close to


gravel pit

8.  Marchagee Track

Co

Shire Road Reserve



21.8.1991

40 est.


Undisturbed

9.  Marchagee Track

D/Co Shire Road Reserve

14.8.1991

100+

Undisturbed



10. S of Tathra

Co

Shire Road & Gravel



Reserves

5.11.1992

200+

Undisturbed



11. Willis Road

Shire Road Reserve,

Private

27.7.1994



100+

Undisturbed



48

12.*W of Eneabba

Ca

-

26.2.1981



-

Disturbed

13.*N of Badgingarra

D

-



7.8.1986

-

-



14.*Near Carnamah

Ca

-



11.8.1961

-

-



49

Populations Known in the Moora District (Cont'd)

Population

Shire Land Status

Last Survey No. of Plants Condition

15.* Alexander Morrison

Co

National Park



7.9.1979

-

-



16.* Cadda Road

D

-



1.8.1983

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required in the Lesueur area.



References

Burbidge and van Leeuwen (1990), George (1996), Griffin (1985).



50

Dryandra trifontinalis A.S.George

PROTEACEAE

[

Dryandra sp. 42 (A.S.George 16789) [aff. hewardiana]]

A tall erect shrub to 2 m, with pale green leaves, tomentose beneath, 3-16 cm long, 10-18 mm

wide, with 5-10 triangular teeth on either side.  The involucral bracts are glabrous, or with short

cilia on the margins.  They are to 10 mm long.  The flowers are pale yellow, the perianth ca. 25

cm long, the perianth limb is glabrous, 3-4 mm long.  The pistil is straight, to 26 mm long, with

the pollen presenter 1.8-2 mm long.

Similar to 

Dryandra hewardiana, which has a more hairy involucral bracts, a smaller perianth

limb and smaller pollen presenter.



Flowering Period:  August-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from only three or four populations to the west and south-west of Three Springs.

Grows on lateritic hills in open low woodland of 

Eucalyptus wandoo with heath and open dwarf

scrub.  Associated species include other species of 



Dryandra and Commersonia pulchella.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.  Nebru Road

TS

Nature Reserve, Private



2.10.1990

1000 est.

Disturbed

2.  Lynch Road

TS

Gravel pit, Shire



26.7.1994

1000+


-

3.  Nebru Road

TS

Private


2.10.1990

7 est.


-

1.* Nebru Road

TS

-

6.10.1986



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



51

References

George (1996).



52

Eucalyptus absita P.M.Grayling & Brooker x loxophleba Benth.

MYRTACEAE

An erect, open mallee to 10 m high.  The bark on the stems is fibrous, box-like and pale grey for

4 m from the base, then smooth and greenish-grey in colour above.  The stems have oil glands in

the pith only at the nodes.  There are many oil glands in the leaves.

Flowering Period:  Unknown

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from three small populations south-east of Badgingarra where it occurs with both parents.

Occurs on white lateritic sand in open shrubland over open heath and with 

Eucalyptus rudisE.

loxophleba, E. absita and E. wandoo.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants Condition

1.  SE of Badgingarra D

Shire Road Reserve 3.7.1992

1

Disturbed



2.  SE of Badgingarra D

Private


11.4.1991

5

-



3.  Koonah Road

D

Private, Shire Road



Reserve

11.4.1991

2

Growing in open



shrubland in

paddock


Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed not susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Maintain liaison with landowner and Shire.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey for this hybrid and E. absita is required.

-  Investigation of seed set and seed viability.

References


53

Grayling and Brooker (1992).



54

Eucalyptus annuliformis P.M.Grayling & Brooker

MYRTACEAE

A mallee to 3 m tall, with smooth grey bark.  The leaves are elliptic to broadly lanceolate,

alternate and dull green in colour.  There are 7 flowers in the inflorescence.  The buds have

pedicels to 1.7 cm long and each bud has two bud caps, the inner is shed early, the outer is

conical and slightly beaked.  The fruits are hemispherical, 1.1 x 1.4 cm with a thick rim and broad

disc.

Eucalyptus annuliformis is possibly of hybrid origin with E. drummondii as a parent.  It flowers

profusely, produces abundant fruit but no viable seed has yet been collected.  The pollen fertility

is low. 

It differs from



 E. drummondii in the grey bark, rather than white, in the larger, non-glaucous buds

(to 2 x 1.3 cm), the beaked bud caps, and the disc of the fruit which is flat, not domed, and forms

a ring, becoming sunken.

Flowering Period:  May-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from one small population south-east of Dandaragan.

Grows in shallow, white sandy soil on a lateritic breakaway in open low woodland of 

E.

calophylla over low heath with Hibbertia hypericoides, Dryandra sp., Hakea trifurcata, Acacia

pulchella, Melaleuca radula and Hakea sp.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.  SE of Dandaragan

D

Private


9.7.1987

2

Undisturbed



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed not susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Maintain liaison with the landowner.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at population.


55

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.

-  Further investigation of seed set and seed viability.

References

Grayling and Brooker (1992).



56

Eucalyptus macrocarpa Hook. x pyriformis Turcz.

MYRTACEAE

A mallee 1.2-3 m x 5-15 m.  The stems sometimes have a brown, flaking stocking and are smooth

and cream to grey above or may have patches of brown, flaking bark.  The leaves are petiolate,

ovate-lanceolate in shape, and are opposite to alternate and glaucous.  The buds are large, ovoid,

to 4 x 4.5 cm in diameter, the bud cap with a short beak.  The flowers are red, pink or yellow.

The fruits have peduncles to 1.5 cm long and are often ridged and have a moderately protruding

disc.  They are up to 5 cm in diameter.

The most northerly population, which occurs in the Geraldton District, is a hybrid between

Eucalyptus macrocarpa subsp. elachantha and E. pyriformis and is a low mallee to 1.5 m with

small, narrow leaves.



Flowering Period:  April and August-December

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs mainly within the Moora District along the eastern side south to the Calingiri area.  The

most northerly population occurs west of Mingenew in the Geraldton District and the most

southerly population occurs south-east of Bolgart in the Merredin District.  There is also a record

from Cunderdin 70 km south-east of Bolgart.

Grows on yellow or grey sand or sandy loam, sometimes over gravel or associated with laterite,

in low heath, sometimes in tall scrub with 

Actinostrobus  sp. or in open mallee woodland.  It

occurs on slopes, ridges and hilltops and often grows in association with 



E. macrocarpa.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire Land Status

Last Survey No. of Plants

Condition

1.  N of Bolgart

VP

?Shire Road



Reserve, Private

13.5.1991

4

Heavy weed



infestation and

possible herbicide

damage on Road

Reserve, plants in

grazed paddock

2.  S of Gabalong

VP

Rail Reserve



13.5.1991

1

Undisturbed



3.  Konnongorring Road

VP

Shire Road



Reserve

13.5.1991

1

Weed infestation



and sand drift on

verge, plants

damaged by insect

attack


4.  N of Piawaning

VP

Shire Reserve



13.5.1991

1 large clump

Undisturbed

5.  S of Gabalong

VP

Rail Reserve



13.5.1991

1

Plant at edge of



track, damaged

6.  S of Mount Adams

I

VCL


19.8.1993

2

Undisturbed



57

1.* SSW of Three Springs TS

-

31.7.1980



1

-

2.* NNE of Watheroo



Mo

-

29.7.1980



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed not susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that road verge populations are marked.

-  Maintain liaison with land managers.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Conduct weed control where necessary.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey, particularly on remnant vegetation in the vicinity of population 3 and on

conservation reserves within the range of the taxon.

-  Investigation of seed set and seed viability.



58

Eucalyptus subangusta (Blakely) Brooker & Hopper

MYRTACEAE

subsp

. virescens Brooker & Hopper 

A mallee, 2-5 m tall with grey or pale copper, smooth bark.  The pith of the branchlets is

glandular.  The juvenile leaves are dull, bluish-green to green, the adult leaves are glossy,

lanceolate in shape, to 11 cm long and ca. 1 cm wide.  There are groups of up to 17 white flowers

in each inflorescence and the peduncle ca. 1 cm long.  The buds are spindle-shaped, 1 cm x 0.3

cm.  The operculum is the same width as the hypanthium at the join on mature buds.  The fruit is

cup-shaped with a short stalk 5 mm x 5 mm.

Differs from the typical subspecies in the adult foliage which is light green and slightly glossy in

the older leaves within the crown.  The foliage of all the other subspecies is dull and blue-green.

Flowering Period:  Unknown

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from only four populations occurring between Manmanning in the Merredin District and

Watheroo in the Moora District and near Narambeen in the Narrogin District.  Grows on a range

of soil types, from yellow sand with 



Eucalyptus flocktonii and E. sheathiana to white clay with E.

yilgarnensis and E. erythronema.  Also occurs on clay loam with E. salmonophloia. 

All four populations are on road verges in largely cleared agricultural land.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 1 



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* S of Piawaning

VP

?MRWA Road Reserve 26.8.1982



-

-

2.* NE of Moora



Mo

Shire Road Reserve

2.9.1984

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed not susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Refind all populations previously recorded and ensure that markers are in place.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Collect seed for storage according to the protocols of the Threatened Flora Seed Centre at the

Western Australian Herbarium.


59

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is urgently required to refind all recorded populations and locate others

particularly on conservation reserves.  No searches were made during this survey in the Moora

District. 



References

Brooker and Hopper (1991).



60

Eucalyptus sp. Lesueur (E.A.Griffin 2481)

MYRTACEAE

A low, spreading mallee to 1.5-3 (5) m tall.  The bark is tessellated and rough at the base, smooth

and creamy-white above.  The leaves are short, slightly glossy and light green, with dense

venation.  The buds are 7-12 cm x 0.4-0.6 cm, with a hemispherical or slightly beaked budcap.

The fruits are barrel or urn-shaped, with a narrow opening, to up to 3.8 cm x 2.6 cm. 

Brooker and Kleinig (1990) included this taxon as a disjunct mallee form of 

Eucalyptus

haematoxylon which occurs on the western side of the Darling Range from east of Byford south

to east of Capel. 

Differs from the southern form, which is a small tree, in its mallee habit and in the glossy leaves,

which are dull in the southern form.

The taxonomic status of this taxon is at present uncertain but it is possibly an undescribed species

and it is important to maintain its conservation status.




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