Western australian wildlife management program no. 28 Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Moora District



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Flowering Period:  September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from one population in the Dandaragan area. 

Occurs at the top of a breakaway, on brown loam with lateritic gravel and massive laterite in low heath.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. W of Dandaragan

D

Private


25.9.1991

10+


Undisturbed

Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at population.

-  Maintain liaison with landowner.

-  Collect seed for storage according to the protocols of the Threatened Flora Seed Centre at the Western

Australian Herbarium.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



77

References

Olde and Marriott (1993).



78

Hakea longiflora (Benth.) R.M.Barker

PROTEACEAE

Originally described as 

Hakea erinacea Meisn. var. longiflora by Bentham in 1870, this was raised to

species status by R.M. Barker in 1990.  It closely resembles 



H. erinacea and the two species overlap in

distribution.



H. longiflora is an erect shrub to 80 cm tall.  The young branches and leaves are hairy, the hairs longer and

more sparse than those of



 H. erinacea and are mixed with shorter hairs.  The leaves are terete, divided into

three lobes.  The lower leaf surface is not grooved as in 



H. erinacea The perianth of the flowers is 6.5-12

mm long rather than 6-9 mm in 



H. erinacea , and is yellow in colour, the style is also longer, 12-14 mm

long, rather than 6-9 mm, and is red in colour.  The pollen presenter is particularly long, 3.5-4.5 mm rather

than 1.6-2.5 mm.  The fruit is a narrow, curved follicle with a long beak.  The distal ridge of the seed wing

extends only a quarter of the distance to the apex, rather than to the apex as in 



H. erinacea.

Flowering Period:  June-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species is endemic to the Moora District, occurring from the Lesueur area and east of this, south to

Cataby.

Grows in low heath or scrub, in brown loam or white sand over laterite, on the upper or lower slopes of



breakaways.

Although known from only a few populations this species is apparently more common within its range, as

several unvouchered populations have been recorded in the Dandaragan to Badgingarra area (E. Griffin,

personal communication).



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.

Yandan



D

Nature Reserve

30.7.1991

1+

Good



2.

Coomallo


D

Nature Reserve

2.7.1992

30 est.


Undisturbed

3.

Tootbardie



C

Private


7.1992

10

Good



4.* W of Mt Lesueur

D

National Park



24.7.1980

-

-



5.* E side Mt Lesueur

D

National Park



7.1963

-

-



6.* E of Mt Peron

D

National Park



25.7.1980

-

-



7.* NW of Mt Lesueur

D

National Park



24.7.1980

-

-



8.* NW of Dandaragan

D

Private



1991

-

-



9.* SW of Dandaragan

D

Private



1991

-

-



10.* Badgingarra

D

Private



1991

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


79

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required throughout the range of the species, particularly to refind all populations not

fully surveyed, and to collect voucher specimens for populations 8-10.

References

Barker (1990), Bentham (1870).



80

Hemigenia curvifolia F.Muell.

LAMIACEAE

A small, sometimes recumbent shrub to 90 cm tall.  The branches are woolly-hairy, the young shoots silky-

hairy, the older leaves becoming glabrous.  The leaves are opposite, sessile, folded together and recurved,

oblong to ovate-lanceolate in shape, ca. 1-1.5 cm long.  The flowers are small, clustered in the axils of the

leaves.  The calyx is silky-hairy with five acute teeth, nearly equal and as long as the tube.  The perianth is

tubular and two-lipped, bluish-purple in colour.  There are four stamens, the anthers of the lower pair have

the lower end of the connective tapering, and terminating in an imperfect anther cell.



Flowering Period:  September-October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species is endemic to the Moora District,  occurring in the Watheroo, Dandaragan to Moora area.

Grows in brown loam and gravel slopes of breakaways, or on grey or yellow sand on upper slopes or

uplands, in low heath, or low open woodland with heath.  Associated species include



 Eucalyptus

calophyllaE. todtiana, Banksia prionotes, B. leptophylla and Adenanthos cygnorum.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* NW of Moora

D

Private


13.9.1988

-

-



2.* SW of Moora

D

Private



2.10.1988

-

-



3.* Watheroo

D

National Park



4.10.1971

-

-



4.* N of Dandaragan

D

-



28.9.1957

-

-



5.* N of Moora

-

-



10.9.1971

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



81

References

Bentham (1870), Blackall and Grieve (1981), B. Rye (personal communication).



82

Hensmania stoniella Keighery

ANTHERICACEAE

This species was named in honour of G.L.S. Stone who was the first to collect it. 

The plant is tufted, up to 15 cm tall and stilted, without rhizomes and with fibrous roots.  The leaves are

circular in cross-section, 5-10 cm long and 1-1.5 mm in diameter.  The flower head has a stout stalk, and is

shorter than the leaves.  The outer bracts of the flower head are hard and dark brown in colour.  The

bracteoles are finely divided and woolly, to 7 mm long, pale yellow in colour, giving the flower head a

woolly appearance.  The flowers are pale cream in colour, 3-4 mm long, with six perianth lobes joined to

form a tube.

Hensmania stoniella is similar to H. turbinata which differs in its longer, stouter leaves, smaller

inflorescence with a shorter stalk and soft, pale fawn outer bracts.  



H. turbinata also lacks stilt roots.

A specimen collected from south-west of Coorow at the eastern edge of the species' range, approaches



H. stoniella but has pale fawn involucral bracts.

Flowering Period:  September-November

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Recently found populations occur in the Hill River to Watheroo area with earlier records from the Eneabba

area in the north and also south to the Nambung area.

Grows in low heath and low banksia woodland in grey, pale yellow or white sand, low lying black peaty

sand over clay or laterite.  Associated species include 

Banksia attenuata and B. burdettii.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* Munbinea Road

D

-

10.11.1979



-

Not refound in 1991

2.* S of Eneabba

Ca

-



27.4.1977

-

Not refound in 1992



3.

Willcocks Road

Co

Private, Shire



Road Verge

17.8.1993

30+

Many plants on



firebreak

4.

Pinjarrega



Co

Nature Reserve,

Shire Road Verge

23.10.1992

200+

Healthy, plants



mainly on firebreak

5.

S of Cockleshell



Gully

D

National Park,



Shire Road Verge

10.12.1992

10 est.

Partly disturbed



6.

Brand Highway N

of Banovich Road

Co

MRWA Road Verge 6.11.1992



6

Partly disturbed

7.

E of Jurien



D

National Park

20.8.1993

Plants on firebreak

8.* SSE of Eneabba

Co

Nature Reserve



12.11.1981

Occasional-WH -

9.* Badgingarra

D

National Park



6.10.1981

Occasional-WH -

10.* Coalara Road

D

Shire Road Verge



18.11.1988

-

-



11.* SW of Coorow

Co

-



1.1975

-

-



12.* Warradarge

Co

-



24.1.1979

Common-WH

-


83

Response to Disturbance

Appears to be favoured by soil disturbance on firebreaks, with regeneration of many more plants than in

adjacent undisturbed areas.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that road verge populations are marked.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

Research Requirements

-  Research is required to determine length of intervals between disturbance on firebreaks, best suited to

the requirements of the species.  Research is also required into the fire response of the species.

References

Keighery (1987).



84

Hypocalymma serrulatum Keighery & Strid ms

MYRTACEAE



Hypocalymma serratulum ms is an erect shrub, single-stemmed at the base and up to 1.7 m tall.  The leaves

are linear and opposite, 5-10 mm long, held appressed to the stem and recurved above.  They have minutely

serrulate edges.  The flowers are white or white to pink and are arranged on short stalks in few-flowered

clusters in the axils of the upper leaves.  The filaments of the stamens bend inwards so that the anthers are

grouped around the style.  The fruit are up to 5 mm in diameter with three raised ridges on the top.

This species is related to 



H. angustifolium but differs in the anther arrangement and the shorter, appressed

leaves.


Flowering Period:  October, January, April-May

Fruiting Period:  August-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from five populations over a range of 30 km to the west of Badgingarra to Dandaragan.  There are

two earlier records from an area ca. 40 km further south, to the north of Regans Ford. 

Grows in grey sand over clay in banksia heath or low banksia woodland, usually in drainage lines or low

damp areas.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Cooljarloo

D

Conservation Park



14.9.1993

10+


Healthy

2. Bibby Road

D

National Park,



Shire Road Verge

18.9.1993

50+

Healthy


3. S of Badgingarra

D

National Park



9.1.1992

50+


Disturbed

4. W of Badgingarra

D

National Park



8.10.1991

50+


Undisturbed

5. Wongonderra

D

VCL


15.5.1994

1000+


Healthy

6.* N of Regans Ford

D

-

14.5.1967



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



85

-  Ensure that road verge populations are marked.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly in along drainage lines in conservation areas between Cataby

and Regans Ford.

References

G. Keighery (personal communication).



86

Hypocalymma tetrapterum Turcz.

MYRTACEAE

This species was described in 1862 by Turczaninow from material collected by James Drummond from

between the Moore and Murchison Rivers.

It is a spreading, open shrub 0.5 m to 1 m in height, with the branches four-angled.  The leaves are broad,

oblong and obtuse, to 15 mm long and 5 mm wide.  The flowers are white, sessile in pairs in the axils of the

opposite leaves.  The ovary is three-celled, with one ovary in each cell.

Flowering Period:  June-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species is known over a narrow range of ca. 35 km between Cataby and Badgingarra.  Several earlier

records appear to have been made from within its present known range.

It occurs along creeklines in wandoo or mixed marri/jarrah/wandoo woodland in heath or scrub, where it

grows in yellow sandy loam or grey sand over clay.  Also grows on higher ground in open wandoo

woodland on brown loam and laterite and in lateritic gravel on breakaways in low heath. 



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Minyulo

D

Nature Reserve



26.9.1991

50+


Undisturbed but some

weed infestation

2. Minyulo

D

Nature Reserve



26.9.1991

20+


Undisturbed

3. Yandan

D

Nature Reserve



30.7.1991

10+


Firebreak runs through

population

4. Cataby

D

MRWA Road Verge



18.8.1991

50+


Partly disturbed

5. Dunearn Road

D

Shire Road Verge



13.8.1991

100+


Undisturbed

6. Cataby

D

MRWA Road Verge



30.7.1991

50+


Disturbed and some

weed infestation

7.* E of Cataby

D

Private



15.9.1988

-

-



8.* 6 miles N from

Dandaragan

-

24.8.1948



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



87

Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Ensure that road verge populations are marked.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Bentham (1866), Blackall and Grieve (1980), Turczaninow (1862).



88

Hypocalymma xanthopetalum F.Muell. var. linearifolium

MYRTACEAE

C.A.Gardner ex Strid & Keighery ms

A diffuse, low shrub to 0.3 m tall with pubescent branches.  The yellow flowers are sessile and grouped in

pairs.  The leaves are opposite, to 1.5 cm long and 0.5 to 1 mm wide, linear in shape with a pointed apex.

The ovary is three-celled, the style continuous with the three ridges on the surface of the ovary, without a

depression.

This variety has leaves which are much narrower than those of 



Hypocalymma xanthopetalum.  The latter

has obovate to oblong leaves with an obtuse apex.  This is probably the species 



Hciliatum Turcz. included

by Bentham in 



H. xanthopetalum as a slight variety with narrower leaves.

Flowering Period:  July-August, October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Has been recorded over a range of ca. 35 km from Eneabba to the Lesueur area, with three recent records

throughout that range.

Grows in white or grey sand over laterite in low or open heath sometimes with low banksia scrub.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Lake Logue

Ca

Nature Reserve



11.7.1991

10+


Undisturbed

2.* N of Diamond of the

Desert Spring

D

-



26.8.1948

-

-



3.* E of Mt Peron

D

-



31.1.1965

-

-



4.* W and S of Mt Lesueur

D

-



9.10.1985

-

-



5.* S of Eneabba

Ca

-



10.7.1977

-

-



6.* Cockleshell Gully

-

-



25.8.1938

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

89

-  Further survey is required.



References

Bentham (1866).



90

Hypocalymma sp. Cataby (G.J.Keighery 5151)

MYRTACEAE

An open, spreading shrub to 1 m tall and 1 m in diameter.  The leaves are opposite and spreading, 1 to 1.8

mm long and varying from 1 to 2.5 mm wide, linear to elliptic in shape with an acute point.  The flowers

are white, with short stalks or stalkless, in few-flowered clusters at the base of the leaves.

This taxon is probably a hybrid between 



Hypocalymma tetrapterum Turcz. and H. angustifolium (Endl.)

Schauer.  See determination by Arne Strid 1990 on the specimen "North of Perth between Moora and

Jurien Bay" Thomas G. Hartley no. 13930.

Flowering Period:  August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This taxon has been collected recently from one locality where it occurs with 



H. tetrapterum and shows a

range of leaf width and length.  One collection made in 1973 from between Moora and Jurien Bay is

possibly from another locality.

Grows in open low woodland of marri, wandoo and jarrah where it occurs on grey sand over clay, in open

scrub with 

Jacksonia sternbergianaHakea prostrata and Macrozamia riedlei. 

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 2



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Cataby Brook

D

MRWA Road Verge



1.8.1991

5+

Area disturbed and



weed infested

Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at population.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.

-  Taxonomic study is required to clarify the status of this taxon.


91

References

G. Keighery (personal communication).



92

Lasiopetalum sp. Coorow (E.Ried 101)

STERCULIACEAE

An erect shrub to 1.5 m tall.  The leaves are alternate, entire, ovate to slightly hastate in shape, with flat

margins, to ca. 4 cm long and ca. 2.5 cm wide.  They are hairless above, with dense stellate hairs on the

lower surface, which tend to be rusty in colour on the margins and midvein.  The flowers are in dense

racemes to 4 cm long, in groups of up to four at the end of long pedicels to ca. 3 cm long.  The bracteoles

are terete and filiform, longer than the calyx.  The flowers are ca. 5-8 mm in diameter with the calyx

divided into five lobes.  The outside of the calyx is densely covered with whitish stellate hairs.  The inner

surface has some short white hairs but is pinkish-purple in colour.  The petals are very small, ca. 1 mm long

and are densely stellate tomentose.  The style is glabrous.

This species is related to 

Lasiopetalum oldfieldii which occurs in the Geraldton District and differs in the

leaves which are ovate, with recurved margins, and in the bracteoles, which are shorter than the calyx.




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