Western australian wildlife management program no. 28 Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Moora District



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Response to Disturbance

Germination of seed is stimulated by soil disturbance.  The type locality is in an area that was previously

sandmined.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback


136

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Ensure that road verge populations are marked.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

George (1991).



452

C. Priority Three Taxa

Acacia aprica A.R.Chapman & Maslin ms

MIMOSACEAE

A multistemmed shrub to 2 m tall with an open, diffuse habit and smooth, dark grey bark.  The branches are

flexuose and the phyllodes are terete, 6-14 cm long and 1-1.4 mm wide, curved into an arched shape.  There are

two inflorescences in each axil, globular to oblongoid in shape, 7-10 mm long, golden in colour.  The flowers

have their parts in fours.  The pods are linear, to 6 cm long, ca. 2 mm wide, with thickened margins.  The seeds

are oblong, 2-3 mm long, glossy and dark red-brown in colour with a cream aril.

This species has been confused with 



Acacia merinthophora in the past which it resembles in habit.

It is related to 



A. filifolia and A. alocophylla subsp. alocophylla.

Flowering Period:  June-August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs over a range of less than 10 km between Carnamah and Coorow, where it grows in gravelly brown sand

or loam, in heath.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3

#

Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* N of Coorow

Co

MRWA Road Verge



13.6.1982

Fairly uncommon-

WH

On disturbed road



verge

2.* N of Coorow

Co

-

18.8.1973



-

-

3.* Between Coorow



and Winchester

Co

-



1.7.1973

-

-



4.* W of Coorow

Co

?Townsite Reserve



30.6.1967

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Collect seed for storage according to the protocols of the Threatened Flora Seed Centre at the Western

Australian Herbarium.



Research Requirements

                                                          

#

 now Declared Rare Flora (updated at December 1999)



453

-  Further survey is urgently required, particularly around Lake Pinjarrega.  This species was added to the

Priority Flora List recently and no search was made during this survey.

References

B. Maslin (personal communication).



454

Acacia cummingiana Maslin 

MIMOSACEAE

A sprawling subshrub to 0.4 m tall, with wiry, leafless stems to 1 m long, which grow entangled in the associated

vegetation.  They are terete, green with yellow ribs, and are straight or shallowly curved.  The phyllodes are

reduced to thin flattened scales 1.5-4 mm long.  The peduncles are glabrous and the flower heads are globular,

golden in colour, ca. 8 mm in diameter, with 8-12 flowers, which have their parts in fours.  The pods are 4-7 cm

long, 8-10 mm wide, with chestnut brown seeds.

This species has been confused in the past with 



Acacia volubilis which has tortuous branchlets, pubescent

peduncles and flowers with their parts in fives.  It is also similar to 



A. carens if the peduncles are short but the

latter differs in the pubescent peduncles, flower parts in fives, and characters of the pods.



Flowering Period:  May-June, August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs in the area between Watheroo, Badgingarra, Dandaragan and Moora.  Has also been collected from south

of the District from west of Wannamal.

Grows in sand or lateritic gravel in heath or low open woodland of 



Banksia prionotes and Eucalyptus todtiana

over heath.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* W of Moora

Mo

Private


13.9.1988

-

-



2.* SW of Moora

Mo

-



8.6.1984

-

-



3.* E of Dinner Hill

D

-



1.8.1987

-

-



4.* W of Moora 

D

-



14.6.1971

-

-



5.* NE of Dandaragan

D

-



24.5.1979

-

-



6. W of Watheroo

-

National Park



6.10.1971

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Maslin (1995).



455

Acacia epacantha (Maslin) Maslin

MIMOSACEAE

A dense, rounded shrub 30-70 cm tall and to 150 cm in diameter.  The branches have a covering of soft to stiff

short hairs.  Axillary spines are present, which are 10-12 mm long.  The leaves have two pairs of pinnules which

are revolute, 6-10 mm long, the pinna rachis is 1-2 mm long, with an acute dark brown apex, 0.5-1.5 mm long.

The peduncles are 7-8 mm long, with stiff hairs.  The flower heads are bright yellow and globular in shape.  The

legumes are shortly-hairy, curved or coiled, 15-40 mm long, 5-7 mm broad and the seeds are mottled.

This species was originally described as 



Acacia lasiocarpa var.  epacantha.  It is distinguished from

A. lasiocarpa  by several characters, those of the leaves and also the inflorescences, which are simple, not a

reduced raceme, and they are borne on the solitary axillary spines, not at the base.  The legumes are slightly

broader, and are curved or coiled, not flat or undulate.

Flowering Period:  August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs between Dandaragan and Eneabba, where it occurs in grey sand over laterite, clay loam or loamy gravel

in low open heath, sometimes in open wandoo woodland, along creeks or on uplands or breakaways.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. WNW of Dandaragan

D

-

21.8.1990



-

“very disturbed”

2. NW of Dandaragan

D

-



11.8.1988

-

-



3.* NW of Dandaragan

D

-



16.5.1985

-

-



4.* SE of Eneabba

Ca

Govt. Requirements



Reserve

20.5.1981

Occasional-WH

-

5.* S of Mt Lesueur



D

-

5.12.1979



-

-

6.* S of Badgingarra



D

-

24.11.1976



-

-

7.* N of Badgingarra



D

-

2.11.1965



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Maslin (1975, 1979).



456

Acacia inophloia Maiden & Blakely

MIMOSACEAE

Fibre-barked Wattle

An erect shrub or small tree 2-4 m tall, much-branched from near the base, with straight, slender branches.  The

bark is dense and fibrous, stripping in long, linear strips, grey on the outer layers, red-brown underneath.  The

phyllodes are terete and narrow, 6-11 cm long and ca. 1 mm broad, with short, silky hairs.  The flower spikes are

sessile, ovoid to cylindrical in shape, 1 cm long, light yellow in colour.  The legumes are ca. 7 cm long and 4 mm

wide, with a dense covering of short, soft hairs.



Flowering Period:  August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known only from three populations in the Narrogin District, north of Corrigin, north of Kondinin, and near

Pederah, with a single collection made from Moora in 1965.

In the Narrogin District the species grows in sand, sandy loam or gravel, sometimes near granite.  No details of

the habitat were recorded with the collection made at Moora.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* Moora

Mo

-

18.8.1965



-

-

Response to Disturbance

A population north of Kondinin was recorded as regrowth on a roadside.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at population.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Maiden and Blakely (1928).



457

Acacia isoneura A.R.Chapman & Maslin subsp. isoneura ms

MIMOSACEAE

An erect, multistemmed shrub to 3 m tall, with smooth, dark grey bark, fibrous at the base and with erect, red-

brown branchlets.  The erect phyllodes are terete, 8-nerved and 8-14 cm long and 0.5-1 mm wide.  There is a

single gland, 2-3 mm above the base.  The inflorescence is axillary, with two or three cylindrical, golden heads,

10-15 mm long.  The flowers have their parts in fours.  The legumes are straight, 5-9 cm long, 2-3 mm wide,

constricted between the seeds.  The seeds are shiny, brown in colour with grey mottling and a creamy-yellow

persistent aril.

Differs from subspecies 

nimia in the 8-nerved phyllode, not 10-nerved, and in the single gland, less than 5 mm

above the pulvinus on the phyllode, and in the persistent aril.



Flowering Period:  August-October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs from the Dongara-Mingenew area south-east to near Three Springs.  A coarse-phylloded variant occurs to

the south-east between Perenjori and Wubin in the Geraldton District.

Grows on yellow, white or brown sand in mixed shrubland.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. W of Mingenew

Mi

MRWA Road Verge



13.12.1989

-

-



2.* W of Mingenew

I

-



31.8.1973

-

-



3.* Mingenew

Mi

-



28.8.1970

-

-



4.* W of Three Springs

TS

-



28.8.1972

-

-



5.* E of Mingenew

Mi

-



9.8.1970

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly on conservation reserves.



References

B. Maslin (personal communication).



458

Acacia isoneura A.R.Chapman & Maslin

MIMOSACEAE

subsp.

 nimia A.R.Chapman & Maslin ms

An erect shrub to 3 m tall, with terete phyllodes, 6-14 cm long, 0.7-1 mm wide with ten nerves.  There are two

glands, the lower 16-60 mm above the base.  The flower spikes are axillary, solitary or two per axil, golden in

colour.  The flowers have their parts in fours.  The legumes are straight, 5-9 cm long, 2-3 mm wide, constricted

between the seeds.  The seeds are shiny, brown in colour with a creamy-yellow aril which is not persistent.

Differs from subsp. 



isoneura  in the 10-nerved phyllodes, not 8-nerved, the presence of two glands on the

phyllode, not one, and in the aril, which is not persistent, but detaches readily.



Flowering Period:  July-August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

There are two variants of this subspecies.  The southern variant occurs in the Moora District between Coorow

and Watheroo.  The typical variant occurs in the Geraldton District and Midwest Region from Billabong south to

near the Murchison River.

Grows in red, yellow or orange-brown sand in open to dense scrub or tall shrubland.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* N of Watheroo

Mo

-

29. 8.1982



-

-

2.* S of Coorow



Co

-

24.7.1979



-

-

3.* S of Coorow



Co

-

25.7.1979



-

-

4.* Coorow



Co

-

8.1980



-

-

5. SE of Coorow



Co

-

13.11.1987



-

-

6.* Winchester



Ca

-

19.8.1972



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

B. Maslin (personal communication).



459

Acacia ridleyana W.Fitzg.

MIMOSACEAE

A spreading shrub, 0.3-1 m tall and to 1.5 m in diameter.  The younger branches and phyllodes have spreading

white hairs.  The phyllodes are flat, tapering to the base, usually with a hooked pungent tip, and with three

longitudinal nerves.  They are up to 2 cm long and ca. 2 mm broad.  The inflorescences are globular, light golden

in colour, on peduncles ca. 1.5 cm long.  The flowers have their parts in fives.  The pods are narrowly cylindrical,

ca. 3 cm long, covered with a felty coat of hairs, and not constricted between the seeds, which are brown with

darker mottling and which have a pale aril. 



Flowering Period:  August-September, December-January, March

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs around Mogumber over a range of ca. 15 km in the Moora District and from the Murchison River south to

the Northampton area in the Geraldton District.

Grows in clay, gravelly clay, grey sand, sand over clay or granite loam in the Mogumber area, in heathland.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* Mogumber

VP

-

1.12.1983



-

-

2.* Gillingarra



VP

-

11.6.1982



-

-

3.* N of Mogumber



VP

-

15.12.1981



Common-WH

-

4.* N of Mogumber



VP

-

12.8.1976



-

-

5.* S of Mogumber



VP

-

14.12.1978



-

-

6.* Babilion Hills



VP

-

31.8.1901



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Fitzgerald (1904).



460

Allocasuarina grevilleoides (Diels) L.A.S.Johnson

CASUARINACEAE

An erect, small shrub to 0.5 m tall.  The female plants are many-stemmed and lignotuberous, the males are

slender and tufted.  There are few internodes to the branchlets, which are short, 1-3 cm long.  The terminal

internodes on each branchlet are much longer than the lower internodes.  The scale leaves are in whorls of four

on the branchlets and are small, 0.3-0.6 mm long.  The male flowering spikes are sessile, in whorls of four.  They

are ovoid in shape, 5 mm long.  The female cones are small, sessile, and clustered on the branches or older wood

near the base of the plant.  They are ovoid to subglobular, 1-1.5 cm long.  The bracteoles are without a dorsal

awn.  The nuts are completely concealed in golden hairs and the wing is very small or absent.

Flowering Period:  September-November

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species has been recorded from east of Eneabba south through the Moora District to Mogumber but has only

been recorded in the last twenty years from east of Eneabba and Badgingarra.  It has been reported from several

populations in the Lesueur area.

It grows in grey sand, sandy loam or white clay and lateritic gravel or on quartz hills at Mogumber, in low heath.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.*SE of Badgingarra 

D

-

27.1.1981



-

-

2.*Tathra



Ca

National Park

11.11.1978

-

-



3.*Winchester

Ca

-



3.1970

-

-



4.*Coomalloo

D

-



29.10.1966

-

-



5.*N of Badgingarra

D

-



13.8.1965

-

-



6.*SE of Badgingarra

D

-



8.1.1966

-

-



7.*Mogumber

VP

-



1.1936

-

-



8.*Near Cockleshell Gully

-

-



Undated

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is urgently required, particularly in the Lesueur National Park.



References

Bennett (1982), Wilson and Johnson (1989).

Illustrations by D. Mackay.


461

Allocasuarina ramosissima (C.A.Gardner) L.A.S.Johnson

CASUARINACEAE

An erect, dense shrub without a lignotuber, to 1.3 m tall with much-divided and whorled branches.  The

branchlets have 2 to 3 internodes of similar length.  There are four scale leaves in each whorl.  The males spikes

are in clusters of up to 6, at the base of the branchlets or at the branchlet nodes or are terminal.  They are ovoid in

shape.


The cones are 12-20 mm long, cylindrical to ovoid with large ovate bracts which have a tomentose surface.

Flowering Period:  September-November

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species occurs from Three Springs south to Dandaragan, with one population occurring in the Swan Region

just south of the Moora District south-east of Mogumber.

Grows in grey sand, sandy loam, white clay or clay loam with lateritic gravel, in low shrubland or low heath with

mallees.  It sometimes occurs on the top of breakaways.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Alexander Morrison

Co

National Park



1.5.1991

100


Undisturbed

2. SW of Three Springs

TS

Nature Reserve



14.10.1989

-

-



3.* SE of Badgingarra

D

-



27.1.1981

-

-



4.* N of Dandaragan

D

-



23.8.1968

-

-



5.* S of Eneabba

Co

-



29.10.1966

-

-



6.* N of Dandaragan

D

-



9.10.1957

-

-



7.* N of Dandaragan

D

-



23.8.1948

-

-



8.* N of Dandaragan

D

-



19.8.1949

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible




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