Western australian wildlife management program no. 28 Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Moora District



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Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Bennett (1982), Gardner (1964), Wilson and Johnson (1989).

Illustrations by D. Mackay.


462

Banksia micrantha A.S.George

PROTEACEAE

A low, spreading, lignotuberous shrub to 0.6 m tall, and 1.2 m in diameter, multistemmed.  The lateral branches

are often horizontal and subterranean before emerging.  The leaves are linear, pungent, slightly glaucous when

young and 1-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, with revolute margins.  The flowers are in terminal or lateral, spherical

inflorescences.  They are pale yellow in colour, the perianth of each flower is 17-20 mm long, the anther-bearing

part of the perianth, the limb, is glabrous.  The pistil is 19-24 mm long, gently curved with a down turned apex.

There are up to 25 follicles in each fruiting cone.  Each follicle is ovate-elliptic, flattened, hirsute when young,

becoming glabrous with age, opening after fire.

The specific name refers to the small flowers.  This species can be confused with 



Banksia sphaerocarpa var.

sphaerocarpa which occurs within the same range.  It differs in having a hairy perianth limb.

Flowering Period:  January, March-July, September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs from Eneabba south to the Badgingarra area, and south of the Moora District in the Bindoon to Gingin

area.

Grows in grey or white sand and laterite, in low heath, sometimes with emergent eucalypts, on upland areas.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* W of Mt Lesueur

D

Gravel Reserve



27.3.1977

-

-



2.* Mt Lesueur

D

National Park



17.7.1979

-

-



3.* S of Eneabba

Ca

VCL (Mining Lease) 1.10.1977



-

-

4.* E of Greenhead



Co

-

24.3.1977



-

-

5.



W of Badgingarra

D

National Park



7.5.1984

Common-WH

-

6.* SSW of Eneabba



Co

-

31.7.1980



-

-

7.* SE of Eneabba



Ca

Govt. Requirements

Reserve

20.5.1981



-

-

8.



SW of Badgingarra

D

National Park



27.3.1984

-

-



9.* N of Cockleshell Gully

D

-



1.9.1968

-

-



10.* Warradarge

Co

-



5.3.1975

-

-



Response to Disturbance

The follicles of the fruit open after fire releasing the seed.  The species is fire tolerant, sprouting from the

lignotuber.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



463

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

George (1981, 1984b), Taylor and Hopper (1988).



464

Banksia scabrella A.S.George

PROTEACEAE

Burma Road Banksia

A spreading shrub to 2 m tall and 3 m wide, without a lignotuber and with white tomentose branchlets.  The

leaves are scattered, linear, 8-28 mm long and 1 mm wide.  They have revolute margins and are white-woolly on

the lower surface, rough to the touch on the upper surface. The flower spike is erect, cylindrical-ovoid, 3-6 cm

long and 7-9 cm wide with many tomentose bracts at the base.  The flowers are mainly cream to pale yellow, the

upper ones and the styles purple.  The perianth is pubescent inside and outside, and is 27-35 mm long.  The pistil

is 34-45 mm long with a narrowly ovoid pollen presenter, the style end is hooked.  There are up to 80 narrowly

elliptic follicles on the fruit, usually opening with fire.



Flowering Period:  September-January

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

In the Moora District this species occurs to the south-east of Dongara. It also occurs further north in the

Geraldton District to the east of Walkaway.  The species has a total geographic range of ca. 85 km.

Grows in deep white or yellow sand in heath, sometimes with 



Eucalyptus todtiana.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.

N of Skipper Road



TS

VCL


8.11.1991

1

Undisturbed



2.

Robb Road

TS

VCL


8.11.1991

2

Undisturbed



3.

Yandanooka West Road

Mi

Shire Road Verge



27.2.1986

>100


-

4.

Yandanooka West Road



Mi

Shire Road Verge

27.2.1986

1-10


-

5.

Yandanooka West Road



Mi/TS

Shire Road Verge

27.2.1986

>100


-

6.

Yandanooka West Road



Mi/TS

Shire Road Verge

27.2.1986

>100


-

7.

Tomkins Road



TS

Shire Road Verge

8.5.1986

1-10


-

8.

Sundalara Road



TS

Shire Road Verge

8.5.1986

10-100


-

9.

Yandanooka West Road



Mi/I

Shire Road Verge

27.2.1986

>100


-

10. ENE of Yandanooka Hill

TS

-

1.2.1986



10-100

-

11. ESE of Yandanooka Hill



TS

-

1.2.1986



>100

-

12. E of Yandanooka Hill



TS

Shire Road Reserve

1.2.1986

>100


-

13. SE of Yandanooka Hill

TS

-

1.2.1986



>100

-

14. SSE of Yandanooka Hill



TS

-

1.2.1986



>100

-

15. SW of Yandanooka Hill



TS

-

1.2.1986



>100

-

16. WSW of Yandanooka Hill



TS

-

1.2.1986



>100

-

17.* W of Mt Adams



I

-

15.11.1979



-

-

18.* W of Arrino



TS

-

30.8.1977



-

-

19.* W of Arrino



TS

-

17.10.1971



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Killed by fire, regenerating from seed.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



465

Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly to assess the extent of the species on vacant crown land south of Mt

Adams.

References

George (1981, 1984b), Griffin 



et al. (1982), Taylor and Hopper (1988).

466

Beaufortia bicolor Strid

MYRTACEAE

A dense, robust shrub to 1 m tall.  The branches are hairless, the branchlets sparsely hairy.  The leaves are

opposite, decussate, elliptic and keeled, to 4 mm long and 1.9 mm wide, hairy when young.  The flowers are 10-

12 mm long, in dense heads.  The calyx is up to 4.1 mm long including the teeth, and is hairy.  The five petals are

ca. 3.5 mm long, pink in colour.  The stamens are in five bundles, ca. 12 mm long, each bundle of 4-5 stamens

united to about half way to form the claw.  The basal half of the claw and the upper half of the stamens is pink or

reddish-purple, the rest of the filament white or pale yellow.  The fruit is a capsule ca. 6 mm long, ovoid and

woody.

This species is distinguished by the two-coloured staminal bundles, which are either pink and white, or reddish-



purple and pale yellow.

This species is related to 



Beaufortia elegans which is a more slender plant with smaller obovate leaves with

thickened margins, glabrous when young, with a smaller calyx, to 2.5 mm long, glabrous at least on the teeth, and

with staminal bundles to 8 mm long, each of 6-9 stamens, pinkish-mauve or reddish-purple in colour.  It is also

related to 



B. eriocephala which is densely white-woolly, and to B. elegans, which is more slender and has a

staminal claw much longer than the free part of the filaments.



Flowering Period:  November-December

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs between Eneabba and Dandaragan on sandplain, in white sand over laterite or grey sandy loam.  Grows in

low scrub or heath sometimes with emergent 

Banksia and Adenanthos species.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.* S of Badgingarra

D

-

5.12.1982



-

-

2.* W of Eneabba



Ca

-

23.12.1978



-

-

3.* S of Wongonderra Road



D

-

14.11.1978



-

-

4.* S of Coomallo Creek



D

-

16.12.1976



-

-

5.* Coorow-Greenhead Road



Co

-

27.11.1977



-

-

6.* W of New Badgingarra



D

-

1.11.1974



-

-

7.* W of Coorow



Ca

-

24.11.1971



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



467

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

Strid (1987).

Illustration by B. Johnsen.


468

Beaufortia eriocephala W.Fitzg.

MYRTACEAE

Woolly Bottlebrush

A spreading shrub to 70 cm high, the branchlets, leaves and inflorescences covered with spreading, woolly white

hairs.  The leaves are opposite, linear to linear-lanceolate, 6-8 mm long.  The bracts are broadly ovate and all are

shorter than the calyxes.  The flowers are in dense, globular or ovoid, woolly heads, which before expansion,

form a woolly mass with the black points of the bracteoles and calyx protruding.  The calyx tube is ca. 2 mm long

and the lobes are as long as the tube.  The petals are red, as long as the calyx lobes and are tomentose on the back

and edges.  The stamens are scarlet or reddish-purple, 9-10 mm long.  They are in bundles of 5, the woolly claw

as long as or shorter than the glabrous filaments. 

This species is allied to 

Beaufortia purpurea, but differs in the woolly, white hairs on the foliage and

inflorescence, in the bracts which are shorter than the calyx, in the petals which are not shorter than the calyx

segments and in the woolly staminal claws. 

Flowering Period:  September-December

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs between Badgingarra and Mogumber, the type collection having been made from the Moora area. 

Grows in sandy loam, brown loam over gravel or sand over laterite in low heath, sometimes beneath marri

woodland.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.

SE of Cataby



D

Gravel Reserve

24.11.1993

1000+


Growing around

areas of gravel

extraction

2.

E of Regans Ford



D

Shire Road Verge

24.11.1993

200+


Healthy

3.

W of Mogumber



D

-

17.12.1992



-

-

4.



SSW of Gillingarra

VP

Nature Reserve



8.11.1990

-

-



5.

W of Moora

D

Private


13.9.1988

-

-



6.

S of Gillingarra

VP

-

17.9.1983



Occasional-WH -

7.

N of Mogumber



VP

-

26.10.1982



-

-

8.



E of Dandaragan

D

Shire Reserve



19.12.1984

-

-



9.

NW of Moora

D

-

19.12.1984



-

-

10.* Badgingarra



D

-

3.11.1962



-

-

11.* Moora



-

-

1903



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



469

Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further taxonomic work is required.

-  Further survey is required.

References

Blackall and Grieve (1980), Fitzgerald (1905).



470

Calothamnus brevifolius Hawkeswood

MYRTACEAE

A small, erect, much-branched shrub to ca. 0.5 m tall.  The leaves are crowded on the younger branches.  They

are terete, glabrous and short, 8-12 mm long.  The flowers are grouped 1-5 in short clusters around the branches

amongst the leaves.  They have their parts in fives.  The calyx tube is densely hairy.  There are five narrow petals

and five dark pink staminal claws to 25 mm long.  The fruits are hairy at first, becoming glabrous with age.  They

are depressed-globular to almost cylindrical in shape, usually flat at the top or with one lobe elongated and

curved into the opening.  They are 4-5 mm long and ca. 5 mm wide.

This species is related to 

Calothamnus hirsutus, differing in its smaller fruits, shorter leaves and dull, dark brown

seeds. 


Flowering Period:  January-February

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

In the Moora District this species is known from east of Piawaning, on the eastern boundary, to the Marchagee

area.  It is also known from the Wongan Hills and the Dowerin, Cunderdin, Tammin and Corrigin areas.

At Marchagee the species grows in yellow, sandy loam with 



Melaleuca acuminata and Thryptomene prolifera.

Other populations outside the Moora District grow in



 grey white sandy soil, with Xylomelum angustifolium and

Banksia prionotes or scrub heath to 4 m with Eucalyptus, Allocasuarina and Leptospermum species.

 

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. E of Piawaning

VP

Shire Road Verge



1.11.1986

2

Weed infested



2.* S of Piawaning

VP

-



1.1968

-

-



3.* Marchagee

Co

Nature Reserve



1.6.1977

2

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Inspect population 1.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly to refind populations 2 and 3.



References

Hawkeswood (1984a), Mollemans



 et al. (1993).

471

Catocolea enodis L.A.S.Johnson & B.G.Briggs ms

RESTIONACEAE

A tufted herb to ca. 25 cm tall, growing in small, dense clumps.  The leaves are flattened, ca. 1 mm wide.  The

spikelets are light brown in colour.



Flowering Period:  October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs in the area around Badgingarra and ca. 35 km further north.

Grows in grey or white sand over laterite in heath with species of 

Hakea  and  Acacia  and with scattered

Eucalyptus todtiana.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Bibby Road

D

-

6.9.1990



-

-

2. N of Badgingarra



Co

National Park

20.10.1987

Occasional-WH

-

3.* W of Badgingarra



D

-

-



-

-

4.* N of Badgingarra



Co

-

-



Locally frequent

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Unknown


Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



472

Chamelaucium conostigmum N.G.Marchant & Keighery ms

MYRTACEAE

A low, spreading shrub, often compact or erect and 0.2 to 0.7 m tall and to 1 m in diameter.  The leaves are

linear, 3-6 mm long.  The flowers are small, ca. 5 mm long, with a deeply-ridged floral tube.  They are dark

maroon or magenta-purple-mauve in colour.  The stigma is exserted, exceeding the length of the petals and is

capitate, with a papillate surface.



Flowering Period:  October-November in the Moora District, August-September in the Geraldton District

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Chamelaucium conostigmum ms is found on the eastern side of the District from north of Coorow to south of

Moora.  Also occurs near the Wongan Hills and Meckering in the Merredin District, and in the southern part of

the Geraldton District.

Grows near the edges of saline lakes, creeks or on salt flats, in white, yellow or grey sand or sandy clay.

Associated vegetation is usually low, open scrub, with species of 

Verticordia, Frankenia and Darwinia, but at the

most southerly population it occurs in low, open woodland of 



Eucalyptus rudis with scrub.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. SE of Coorow

Co

Private


16.10.1991

Frequent-WH

-

2. N of Watheroo



Mo

-

16.10.1991



Occasional-WH

-

3. Koodjee



VP

Nature Reserve

14.11.1990

6

Past disturbance



4. E of Coorow

Co

Shire Road Verge



15.11.1990

50+


Undisturbed

5. S of  Coorow

Co

-

11.10.1982



Locally frequent-WH

-

6.* S of Coorow



Co

MRWA Road Verge 17.10.1976

-

-

7.* E of Winchester



Ca

-

28.11.1974



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Unknown

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Population 3 should be fully surveyed.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly on suitable habitat in conservation reserves.



473

Comesperma acerosum Steetz

POLYGALACEAE

An erect, leafy shrub, little-branched, 0.3 to 0.8 m high.  The leaves are linear, pungent and keeled, ca. 10 mm

long.  The flowers are in dense racemes, to 5 cm long and each flower has free outer sepals which are much

shorter than the wings.  The standard and keel petals are mauve-purple, the wings yellow and mauve-purple.  The

keel petal is horned.  The fruit is a capsule ca. 6 mm long, broad at the top, with a blunt or three-toothed apex,

narrowing to a stipe as long as the broad part.  The seeds have a tuft of hairs.

Flowering Period:  September-December

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs mainly between Eneabba and Badgingarra in the Moora District, with an easterly occurrence at

Watheroo.  It has also been recorded from south-east of Geraldton in the Geraldton District.  A taxon with an

affinity to this species occurs on the south coast in the Cape Arid area.

Grows in grey or white sand with lateritic gravel or clay, in low heath and open shrubland.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.

Mt Peron



D

National Park

29.11.1992

Occasional-WH -

2.

SW of Eneabba. 



Co

-

22.9.1994



Frequent-WH

Burnt 1991-92

3.

SE of Mt Lesueur



D

National Park

13.11.1993

Frequent-WH

-

4.

E of Jurien



D

-

9.10.1985



-

-

5.



Tathra

Ca

National Park



23.10.1982

-

-



6.* W of Badgingarra

D

-



1.11.1974

-

-



7.* Table Hill

D

-



9.10.1977

-

-



8.* N of Mt Benia

D

-



19.10.1979

-

-



9.* N of Badgingarra

D

-



15.12.1976

-

-



10.* S of Eneabba

Ca

VCL (Mining Lease) 13.9.1977



Scattered-WH

-

11.* E of Greenhead



Co

-

28.11.1974



Occasional, in

groups of 3-4

plants-WH

-

12.* Cockleshell Gully



D

-

22.10.1979



-

-

13.* NW of Badgingarra



D

-

1.11.1965



-

-

14.* N of Cockleshell Gully



Co

-

8.10.1967



-

-

15.* Watheroo



Mo

-

30.11.1961



-

-



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