Western australian wildlife management program no. 28 Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Moora District



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Flowering Period:  June-August

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Grows in the Moora District between Eneabba and Badgingarra over a range of ca. 60 km and also occurs near

Tammin.

Grows in gravelly sand over laterite in heath or mallee heath with 



Eucalyptus gittinsii.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.

Tathra



Ca

National Park

9.10.1991

-

-



2.

Marchagee Track

Co

Shire Road Verge



14.8.1991

1+

Moderate



3.

Alexander Morrison

Co

National Park



14.8.1991

1+

Undisturbed



4.

Marchagee Track

D

Shire Road Verge



29.4.1992

1+

-



5.

Dewar Road

D

Shire Road Verge



29.4.1992

-

-



6.

Boothendarra

D

Nature Reserve



29.4.1992

1+

Undisturbed



7.

E of Willis Road

Co

National Park



6.8.1992

1+

Undisturbed



8.* Willis Road

Co

-



5.8.1986

-

-



9.* Tootbardie Road

Co

National Park



19.5.1985

-

-



10.* NE of Eneabba

Ca

-



12.9.1978

-

-



11.* W of Coorow

-

-



30.6.1967

-

-



12.* NW of Dinner Hill

-

-



26.6.1965

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



488

Management Requirements

-  Although the species in the Moora District appears to be well represented in conservation areas, the status of

the subspecies in the Tammin area should be reconsidered.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



References

George (1996



), Griffin (1985), Mollemans et al. (1993), Sainsbury (1985).

489

Dryandra tortifolia Kippist ex. Meisn.

PROTEACEAE



Dryandra tortifolia is a dwarf shrub 15-25 cm tall with leaves 10-20 cm long, divided into awl-shaped lobes

which are twisted so that the upper half of the blade is held somewhat horizontally.  The flowers are large and

terminal.  The receptacle is convex, with the flowers arising in a circle around a central hole, and with more than

20 flowers in the head.  The perianth is hairy but not sticky.  The pistil is not hooked and is longer than the

perianth with a narrow pollen presenter.  The fruit is a woody follicle.

This species has been included for many years under the name 



D. nivea and the early name has only recently

been brought back into use (George 1996).

Similar to 

D. actotidis,  D. tortifolia has narrower leaf lobes, which are more rigid and less white-coloured

beneath, and are turned so that the upper face is horizontal.  The flowers are larger and the style and stigma are

thicker.

Bentham considered this species to be a variety of 



D. arctotidis which is geographically separate, growing in the

Stirling Range area.



Flowering Period:  October-November

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs from Eneabba to Cataby, where it grows on white, grey or yellow sand over laterite, sometimes on

uplands.  It is found in low open heath, sometimes beneath open, low woodland of 

Eucalyptus calophylla. 

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. NW of Cataby 

D

Conservation Park



13.9.1993

5+

Undisturbed



2. E of Lesueur

D

-



10.10.1985

-

-



3. Cadda Road

D

-



1.8.1983

-

-



4. W of Badgingarra

D

National Park



6.10.1981

-

-



5.* S of Eneabba

Co

Nature Reserve



9.10.1981

-

-



6.* Cockleshell Gully

D

-



8.10.1978

-

-



7.* S of Eneabba

Ca

-



2.8.1977

-

-



8.* S of Eneabba

Ca

-



27.4.1977

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



490

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required, particularly in the Lesueur National Park where it has been reported from several

populations.

References

Bentham (1870), Blackall and Grieve (1988), George (1996), Griffin (1985), Hooker (1855).



491

Eucalyptus foecunda Schauer in Lehm.

MYRTACEAE



subspCoolimba (M.I.H.Brooker 9556)

A mallee to 4 m tall, with smooth grey bark, ribboning for 2 m from the base, with pale yellow-brown bark

beneath.  The leaves are shining, to 10 x 1.2 cm with a dense fine vein network.  There are up to 11 buds in each

inflorescence, the stamens strongly inflexed within the bud.  The bud caps are distinctly beaked.  The fruits are

barrel-shaped, with a short stalk, a thick rim and a whitish disc, which is level to descending.  The fruits are 0.6

cm long and 0.4-0.5 cm wide.

Similar to 

Eucalyptus foecunda which differs in its conical to slightly beaked opercula, and thin, rough bark.  It is

recognised as a local variant of 



E. foecunda.

Flowering Period:  Unknown

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from four populations over a 7 km range on the coastal dunes north of Coolimba, where it grows in white

sand over limestone in low heath with 

E. zopherophloia and Melaleuca huegelii.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. N of Coolimba 

Ca

Reserve for flora



protection and

apiculture

11.5.1989

Scattered plants

over 1.5 km

-

2. N of Coolimba



Ca

-

21.11.1986



-

-

3. N of Coolimba



I

-

21.11.1986



-

-

4. N of Coolimba



Ca

Reserve for flora

protection and

apiculture

16.3.1989

-

Regeneration from fire



Response to Disturbance

Resprouts after fire.



Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed not susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that road maintenance operations and fire regimes do not damage the plants.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required to record the full extent of the taxon which is thought to occur only locally at the

northern end of the range of 

E. foecunda.


492

References

Kelly 


et al. (1995), Napier et al. (1988a).

493

Grevillea asparagoides Meisn.

MYRTACEAE

An intricately branched, lignotuberous shrub, prostrate or erect, 0.5 to 2 m tall.  The leaves have short petioles

and are two or three times divided into narrow-linear, pungent segments and are up to 3.5 cm long.  The margins

are revolute so that the lower surface has two grooves.  Both leaves and flowers are glandular hairy.  The

inflorescences are pendulous and terminal, with brownish floral bracts.  The flowers have pedicels 5-14 mm long.

Each flower is pink to red in colour and the torus is straight.  The style is glandular hairy and the ovary is

pubescent.  The pollen presenter is oblique and rounded.  The fruit has reddish markings.

This species is similar to 

Grevillea batrachioides which has sessile leaves.

Flowering Period:  July-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

This species is known from a few collections in the Perenjori area in the Geraldton District south to Wubin and

Wongan Hills in the Merredin District.  One population of 900 plants is known from the boundary of the Moora

District east of Bindi Bindi and the species has also been recorded in the past from south of Bindi Bindi and east

of Piawaning.

Grows in yellow or white sandy loam and gravel in heath and low shrubland with scattered eucalypts or in heavy

clay.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. E of Bindi Bindi

Mo

Shire Road Verge



22.8.1990

900


Disturbed

2.* S of Bindi Bindi

Mo

Shire Road Verge



10.10.1986

1

-



3. E of Piawaning

-

-



-

-

-



Response to Disturbance

Unknown


Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Monitor the known population regularly.

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.

-  Further survey.



Research Requirements

-  Urgent further survey is required as the population in the Moora District is the only one which has been

surveyed recently.


494

References

Blackall and Grieve (1988), McGillivray (1993), Mollemans 



et al. (1993), Olde and Marriott (1995).

495

Grevillea leptopoda McGill.

PROTEACEAE

A dense, spreading, prickly shrub to 1.5 m tall, with spreading branches.  The leaves are 4-8 cm long, divided

into three leaflets which are divided again into three.  The lobes are narrowly linear, 1-3.5 cm long and ca. 1 mm

wide.  The flowers are grouped in terminal, branched inflorescences, 4-6 cm long.  The perianth is creamy-white

with some pink on young buds.  It is ca. 3 mm long, glabrous on the outside and hairy at the base on the inner

surface.  The pistil is 7.5-9 mm long and is glabrous.  The pollen presenter is oblique, convex to obliquely

conical.  The fruit is 9-10.5 mm long, slightly wrinkled. 

Similar to 

Grevillea teretifolia, which has a shorter flower spike, ca. 2 cm long, longer pistil, 10-17 mm long and

a beard on the inner perianth surface, which is more prominent in the upper half.  Also confused with



G. intricata which has a prominent, erect stigmatic cone. 

Flowering Period:  July-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs from Coorow to Arrino in the Moora District extending to north-east of Mingenew in the Geraldton

District and with a disjunct occurrence at Kalbarri.

Grows in gravelly sandy loam or grey sand with gravel in low heath. 



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. SW of Three Springs

TS

Shire Road Verge



27.1.1994

40+


Area disturbed

2. W of Three Springs

TS

Shire Road Verge



2.10.1990

Frequent-WH

-

3.* NW of Three Springs



TS

-

1.9.1973



-

-

4.* 50 miles N of Moora



Co

-

6.9.1962



-

-

5.* Coorow-Carnamah



-

-

25.9.1962



Common on

wasteland-WH

-

6.* NW of Carnamah



Ca

-

18.7.1953



-

-

7.* Three Springs



TS

-

9.1940



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Regenerates from seed after fire.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



496

References

McGillivray (1993), Olde and Marriott (1995).



497

Grevillea spinosissima McGill.

PROTEACEAE

A shrub to 1.5 m tall with densely hairy branchlets.  The leaves are rigid and three times divided with very

pungent lobes.  The flowers are white and glabrous, with broad, conical style ends.  The fruits are hairless and

ridged.

Flowering Period:  June-October

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Known from the Wongan Hills area in the Merredin District, south to Quairading and York.  Two populations

have been recorded in the past from the Moora District, from near Marchagee and an early record possibly from

north of Eneabba.

The species grows in clay, sand or sandy loam or gravel, in heath, scrub or woodland of 

Allocasuarina

huegeliana.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1.*S of Marchagee

Co

-

4.10.1982



-

-

2.*W of Three Springs



TS

-

27.8.1948



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Growth appears to be stimulated by disturbance.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required in the Moora District.



References

McGillivray (1986), Mollemans 



et al. (1993), Olde and Marriott (1995).

498

Grevillea thyrsoides Meisn. subsp. thyrsoides

PROTEACEAE

A low, prostrate shrub to 0.7 m tall and up to 3 m in diameter.  The leaves are up to 11.5 cm long, divided into

erect lobes 9-65 mm long and 1-1.5 mm wide.  The inflorescence is branched and erect, terminal on trailing

peduncles.  The perianth is pink to red, longitudinally ribbed and hairy on the outside.  The pistil is 24-33 mm

long, with a stalk beneath the ovary 1-2.8 mm long.

The pollen presenter is oblique and convex, the style including the end is hairy.  The fruit is compressed, 14-18

mm long, with reddish-brown blotches and stripes.

Differs from subspecies 

pustulata  in that most leaves are more than 5 cm long. and the leaf lobes lack a

prominent basal protuberance on the undersurface.



Flowering Period:  June-October, December

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs from Badgingarra to Cataby, where it grows on grey sand and lateritic gravel often on midslopes of

lateritic uplands in heath or mallee heath.

Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. W of Dandaragan 

D

Nature Reserve



18.9.1993

10+


Undisturbed

2. NW of Dandaragan

D

Private


11.8.1988

-

-



3. Badgingarra Road

D

Shire Road Verge



28.9.1988

-

-



4. SW of Cataby

D

-



10.2.1988

Uncommon-WH

-

5. Badgingarra Road



D

Shire Road Verge

31.8.1984

Common-WH

-

6.* SE of Cataby



D

Shire Road Verge

9.9.1981

Scattered but

frequent-WH

-

7.* S of Cataby Creek



D

-

3.8.1976



-

-

8.* Jurien Bay Road



D

-

13.12.1958



-

-

Response to Disturbance

Regenerates from seed.

Susceptibility to Phytophthora Dieback

Presumed susceptible



Management Requirements

-  Ensure that dieback hygiene procedures are carried out at all populations.



Research Requirements

-  Further survey is required.



499

References

McGillivray (1986), Olde and Marriott (1993, 1995).



500

Grevillea uncinulata Diels subsp. florida McGill.

PROTEACEAE

A scarcely-branched shrub to 1 m tall, with a few, upright, columnar branches.  The leaves are simple, entire, 0.5-

2 cm long, linear-lanceolate in shape, with the margins smoothly rolled under and the lower surface densely

woolly.  In the typical subspecies the lower surface is obscured.  The flower heads are larger than those of the

typical subspecies, the pedicels are longer, 10-14 mm long.  The flowers are hairy, creamy-white in colour, with a

yellow, orange or red style end and the hairs extending onto the style end.  The style end is larger than that of the

typical subspecies, the pollen presenter with a small beak, 0.3-0.4 mm long.

The leaves are usually longer than those of the typical subspecies, in which they are 0.5-1(-3.5) cm long and

which have prominent veins on the upper surface giving the leaf an angular appearance when the margins are

rolled back, and in which the pedicels are less than 9 mm long.  The leaf surface is granulose in both subspecies. 

In the Hill River area there is a larger-leaved form, with pedicels ca. 9 mm long, but with the leaves 2-3.5 cm

long.  The leaves have the angular appearance of subsp. 

uncinulata, and this has therefore been assigned to this

subspecies by McGillivray and Olde.



Flowering Period:  July-September

Distribution and Habitat in the Moora District

Occurs south of the Moora District south of New Norcia where ca. 500 plants have been recorded on road verges

over ca. 8 km extending north into the District from Mogumber to north-east of Gillingarra.  Populations in the

Dandaragan and Badgingarra area thought to be subspecies 



florida are now known to be a long-leaved form of

subspecies 



uncinulata.

Grows in heath, sometimes beneath banksia or dryandra woodland, in sand and lateritic gravel.



Conservation Status

Current:  Priority 3



Populations Known in the Moora District

Grevillea uncinulata subsp. florida

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. S of New Norcia

VP

MRWA Road Verge 16.8.1990



2

Undisturbed

2. NE of Gillingarra

VP

Private



31.10.1990

-

-



3.* N of Mogumber

VP

-



5.9.1957

-

-



Grevillea uncinulata subsp. uncinulata long-leaved form

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

1. Yandan

D

Nature Reserve,



Shire Road Verge

30.7.1991

30+

Undisturbed



2. Tootbardie Road

C

Shire Road Verge



14.8.1991

20+


Partly disturbed

3. Minyulo Road

D

Shire Road Verge



13.8.1991

32

Partly disturbed



4. S of Tootbardie Road

D

MRWA Road Verge 14.8.1991



10+

Undisturbed



501

Grevillea uncinulata subsp. uncinulata long-leaved form  (Cont'd)

Population

Shire

Land Status



Last Survey

No. of Plants

Condition

5. Brand Highway

D

MRWA Road Verge



14.8.1991

35+


Undisturbed

6. Coomallo

D

Nature Reserve,



MRWA Road Verge

14.8.1991

50+

Undisturbed



7. E of Jurien

D

Nature Reserve,



MRWA Road Verge

14.8.1991

50+

Undisturbed



8. Pen Road

C

Shire Road Verge



6.8.1992

5+

Undisturbed



Response to Disturbance

Regenerates from seed.




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