White featherflower

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Robyn Phillimore, Diana Papenfus & Val English 




Photograph: Anne Cochrane 


June 2001 


Department of Conservation and Land Management 

Western Australian Threatened Species and Communities Unit (WATSCU) 

PO Box 51, Wanneroo, WA 6946 






Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 




Interim Recovery Plans (IRPs) are developed within the framework laid down in Department of Conservation 

and Land Management (CALM) Policy Statements Nos. 44 and 50. 


IRPs outline the recovery actions that are required to urgently address those threatening processes most 

affecting the ongoing survival of threatened taxa or ecological communities, and begin the recovery process. 


CALM is committed to ensuring that Critically Endangered taxa are conserved through the preparation and 

implementation of Recovery Plans or Interim Recovery Plans and by ensuring that conservation action 

commences as soon as possible and always within one year of endorsement of that rank by the Minister.  


This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from June 2001 to May 2004 but will remain in force until withdrawn 

or replaced. It is intended that, if the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered, this IRP will be replaced by a 

full Recovery Plan after three years.  


This IRP was approved by the Director of Nature Conservation on 26 June 2001. The provision of funds 

identified in this Interim Recovery Plan is dependent on budgetary and other constraints affecting CALM, as 

well as the need to address other priorities. 


Information in this IRP was accurate at June 2001. 




Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 




Scientific Name:  Verticordia albida 

Common Name: 

White featherflower 



Flowering Period:  November to January 

CALM Region: 


CALM District: 



Three Springs 

Recovery Team: 

Moora District Threatened Flora Recovery 



Illustrations and/or further information: Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western 

Australia’s Threatened Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia; George, A.S. (1991) 

New taxa, combinations and typifications in Verticordia (Myrtaceae:Chamelaucieae). Nuytsia 7(3), 231-394. 


Current status: Verticordia albida was originally listed as a Priority One species in 1992. In August 1994, it was declared 

as Rare Flora and ranked in September 1995 as Critically Endangered (CR). It currently meets World Conservation Union 

(IUCN) Red List Category ‘CR’ under criterion A2c (IUCN 2000) as it is only known from three populations that currently 

contain live plants, and the area, extent and quality of habitat are continuing to decline. The main threats are road, rail and 

firebreak maintenance activities, poor regeneration, weed invasion, rabbits, inappropriate fire regimes and chemical drift. 


Critical habitat: The critical habitat for Verticordia albida comprises the area of occupancy of the known populations; 

areas of similar habitat ie. white-grey to yellow sand over gravel in scrub or thicket within 200 metres of known 

populations; corridors of remnant vegetation that link populations; and additional occurrences of white-grey to yellow sand 

over gravel in scrub or thicket, that do not currently contain the species. 


Habitat requirements: Verticordia albida is currently known from south west of Three Springs in Western Australia. It 

grows in white-grey to yellow sand over gravel in scrub or thicket up to 3 m high, with Banksia prionotes and Eucalyptus 

todtiana dominating the habitat (Brown et al. 1998). 


Existing Recovery Actions: The following recovery actions have been or are currently being implemented: 

1.  All relevant land managers have been informed of the species’ locations and the associated legal obligations. 

2.  Declared Rare Flora (DRF) markers have been installed at Subpopulations 1a, 2a, 2b and 4a. 

3.  Dashboard stickers and posters that illustrate DRF markers and note their purpose, and a contact telephone number to 

use if such a marker is encountered, have been produced and distributed. 

4.  Subpopulation 4b was fenced by Westrail to avoid threats from ongoing rail maintenance. 

5.  Subpopulation 1b, located within 32 hectares of remnant vegetation, was fenced in 1995 to exclude sheep from the 


6.  Botanic Garden and Parks Authority (BGPA) currently have 25 plants produced from four different clones. 

7.  Verticordia albida seed was collected in 1995, 1996 and 1997 and is stored in CALM’s Threatened Flora Seed Centre 

(TFSC) at –18


8.  Research on six threatened Verticordia species, including Verticordia albidawas undertaken by CALMScience 

Division in 1998 and 1999.  

9.  An A4 sized poster, which provides a description of the species, and information about threats and recovery actions, 

has been developed for Verticordia albida

10.  Staff from CALM’s Moora District office monitor the populations. 

11.  The Moora District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (MDTFRT) is overseeing the implementation of this IRP. 


IRP Objective: The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 

populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the species in the wild. 


Recovery criteria 

Criteria for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have increased. 

Criteria for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have decreased. 


Recovery actions 

1.  Coordinate recovery actions. 

9.  Collect seed and cutting material. 

2.  Assess and reposition DRF markers as necessary. 

10.  Monitor populations. 

3.  Stimulate and monitor germination. 

11.  Develop and implement a fire management strategy. 

4.  Undertake weed control. 

12.  Seek measures to achieve conservation management. 

5.  Propagate plants for translocation. 

13.  Promote awareness. 

6.  Undertake and monitor translocation. 

14.  Obtain biological and ecological information. 

7.  Conduct further surveys. 

15.  Write a full Recovery Plan. 

8.  Undertake rabbit control. 





Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 








The first collection of Verticordia albida was made by Fred Lullfitz in 1961 from the Eneabba area. The 

specimen was originally identified as V. chrysostachys. During the 1960s Fred Lullfitz and Charles Chapman 

made collections of V. albida from the Eneabba area and the north west corner of what is now Alexander 

Morrison National Park. Despite extensive surveys populations in these areas have not been relocated, and the 

species is now only known from south west of Three Springs, where it was later collected. 


Verticordia albida is currently known from four populations containing around 1500 mature individuals. Only 

three of these populations currently contain live plants. 




Verticordia albida is a tall shrub to 2.6 m high. It has rounded leaves 2 to 4.5 mm wide, with smooth margins. 

The otherwise white flowers have a pink centre and are held in dense spikes. The sepals are 4 to 6 mm long with 

10 to 13 feathery lobes. The petals are 4 to 5 mm long, almost rounded in shape, with a fringe 1 mm long and 

with small basal ear-shaped appendages. The anthers are attached basally with a swollen filament apex, opening 

by slits. The style is 6 to 6.5 mm long, curved in the upper part with a beard of sparse hairs, 0.5 to 0.7 mm long 

(Brown et al. 1998). 


Verticordia albida differs from V.  chrysostachys (variable featherflower) in its white (rather than yellow) 

flowers, shorter, broader petals, sparsely glandular stamens, less curved style and sparse hairs on the upper style. 

The species hybridises with Vmuelleriana (Mueller’s featherflower) with the hybrids having flowers varying 

from creamy white to pale or dark pink on separate plants or on the same plant (Brown et al. 1998). 


Distribution and habitat 


Verticordia albida is currently known from south west of Three Springs in Western Australia. It grows in white-

grey to yellow sand over gravel in heath to 3 m high, with Banksia prionotes (acorn banksia) and Eucalyptus 

todtiana (coastal blackbutt) dominating the habitat (Brown et al. 1998). Associated species include Xylomelum 

angustifolium,  Acacia saligna,  Gastrolobium spinosum,  Pericalymma ellipticum,  Allocasuarina campestris

Verticordia densiflora and Verticordia drummondii, as well as another DRF species Hensmania chapmanii that 

is ranked as vulnerable. 


Critical habitat 


Critical habitat is habitat identified as being critical to the survival of a listed threatened species or listed 

threatened ecological community. Habitat is defined as the biophysical medium or media occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism or group of organisms or once occupied 

(continuously, periodically or occasionally) by an organism, or group of organisms, and into which organisms 

of that kind have the potential to be reintroduced (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 



The critical habitat for Verticordia albida comprises: 

the area of occupancy of the known populations, 

•  areas of similar habitat ie. white-grey to yellow sand over gravel in scrub or thicket, within 200 metres of 

known populations (these areas provide potential habitat for natural range extension), 

•  corridors of remnant vegetation that link populations (these areas are necessary to allow pollinators to move 

between populations and are usually road verges), 

•  additional occurrences of similar habitat ie. white-grey to yellow sand over gravel in scrub or thicket, that 

do not currently contain the species (these areas represents possible translocation sites). 





Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 




Biology and ecology 


Verticordias in general are shrubs 1-2 m tall with masses of colourful flowers commonly in spring-summer. 

Many species are grown for the horticulture industry. 


Verticordia albida appears to be a disturbance opportunist as several healthy new plants have been recorded 

growing on firebreaks that were graded 12 months previously. Seed set by V. albida is variable but generally 

low, with germination stimulated by smoke. The fire history of the populations is unknown, however there has 

been some recruitment in the recent past as plants of varying ages are present at some populations. 


Research indicates that the quality of Verticordia albida habitat effects the reproductive output of many of the 

populations. Plants in weedy sites, or in areas with extensive leaf litter and overhead canopy cover were found 

to produce less flowers and disperse less seeds than plants in more open, weed-free sites (Ginger 1999). 

Application of smoke water stimulates the germination of soil stored seed. The population size is a critical 

factor in determining the level of inbreeding in populations of this species (Yates et al. 2000). 




Verticordia albida was listed as a Priority One species in 1992. In August 1994, it was declared as Rare Flora 

and ranked in September 1995 as Critically Endangered (CR). It currently meets World Conservation Union 

(IUCN 2000) Red List Category ‘CR’ under criterion A2c (IUCN 2000) as it is only known from three 

populations that currently contain live plants, and the area, extent and quality of the habitat are continuing to 

decline. The main threats are road, rail and firebreak maintenance activities, poor regeneration, weed invasion, 

rabbits, inappropriate fire regimes and chemical drift. 


Reliable anecdotal evidence (E. George


 pers comm.) suggests that the range of the private property population 

(Population 1) is contracting, however few details of the original population are available. 


Road, rail and firebreak maintenance activities threaten all populations. Threats include actions such as 

grading of road reserves and access tracks, spraying of chemicals, constructing drainage channels and 

mowing or completely removing the roadside vegetation to improve visibility. These disturbance events 

also often encourage weed invasion into adjacent habitat, as well as causing damage to actual plants. 

Relevant authorities have been informed of the location of populations so that appropriate protective 

measures can be implemented. Other relevant land managers have also been informed of the locations to 

prevent possible damage due to grazing, crop maintenance, firebreak and access track maintenance or other 

activities that may damage populations.  


•  Poor regeneration, due to lack of appropriate disturbance events, threatens most populations as very few 

young plants of Verticordia albida have been observed. 


•  Weed invasion is a threat to all populations. Weeds suppress early plant growth by competing for soil 

moisture, nutrients and light. They also exacerbate grazing pressure and increase the fire hazard due to the 

easy ignition of high fuel loads that are produced annually by many grass weed species. 


•  Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) have the potential to impact on Populations 1 and 2. It is not clear whether 

the rabbits are grazing on the Verticordia albida plants however they may impact on the establishment of 

seedlings thereby limiting natural recruitment. In addition, disturbance of soil by rabbit warren construction, 

and an increase in nutrient levels from their droppings may result in increased weed invasion. In recent 

years, the impact of rabbits in the areas where the populations occur has declined due to rabbit baiting by 

many landholders, and the introduction of the calici virus. 




 Elizabeth George, Verticordia authority 




Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 


•  Inappropriate fire regimes may affect the viability of populations. Occasional fire may be required to 

stimulate germination of soil stored seed, but too frequent fire is likely to deplete the soil seed bank. 

Disturbances such as fire appear to occur very infrequently in the habitat of Verticordia albida and this is 

likely to be contributing to the general lack of recruitment. 


•  Chemical drift from herbicide and fertiliser applications from adjacent farmland may impact on the 

species’ growth and survival. 


Summary of population information and threats 


Pop. No. & Location 

Land Status 

Year/No. plants 



1A. SW of Three 


Shire Road 


1991 10+ 

1993 10+ 

1994 50+ 


1995 20 


1996 500+ 


Road maintenance, weeds, poor 

regeneration, rabbits, 

inappropriate fire regimes 

1B. SW of Three 




1994 50+ 


1995 250+ 

1997 1000+ 


Firebreak maintenance, weeds, 

poor regeneration, rabbits, 

chemical drift, inappropriate fire 


2A. SW of Three 


Shire Road 


1994 20+ 

1996 <50 

1997 <50 


Road maintenance, weeds, poor 

regeneration, rabbits, 

inappropriate fire regimes 

2B. SW of Three 


Shire Road 


1995 10 

1996 <20 

1997 <20 

2000 10 


Road maintenance, weeds, poor 

regeneration, rabbits, 

inappropriate fire regimes 

3. NW of Three Springs  National Park 

1967  ? 

1992 0 




Not relocated 

4A. SE of Arrino 

Shire Road 


1996 *16 

1997 *16 


Road maintenance, weeds, poor 

regeneration, inappropriate fire 


4B. SE of Arrino 

Rail Reserve 

1996  *16 

1997 *16 


Rail maintenance, weeds, poor 

regeneration, inappropriate fire 


Numbers in brackets = number of seedlings. 

* = total for subpopulations combined. 

Note: Population 3 = Chapman collection from 1967. 


Guide for decision-makers 


Section 1 provides details of current and possible future threats. Developments in the immediate vicinity of any 

of the populations or within the defined critical habitat of Verticordia albida require assessment. No 

developments should be approved unless the proponents can demonstrate that they will have no significant 

impact on the species, its habitat or potential habitat. 







The objective of this Interim Recovery Plan is to abate identified threats and maintain or enhance in situ 

populations to ensure the long-term preservation of the species in the wild. 


Criteria for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 


Criteria for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have 






Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 






Existing recovery actions 


All relevant land managers and land owners have been made aware of the locations and Critically Endangered 

status of the species. A private property owner, the Shire of Three Springs and Westrail have been formally 

notified of the presence of Verticordia albida populations on or adjacent to their land. This notification details 

the Declared Rare status of the taxon and the associated legal responsibilities. 


Declared Rare Flora (DRF) markers have been installed at Subpopulations 1a, 2a, 2b and 4a. These alert people 

working in the area to the presence of significant flora, helping to prevent accidental damage during 

maintenance operations. Awareness of the significance of these markers is being promoted to relevant bodies 

such as Shires. To this end, dashboard stickers and posters have been produced and distributed. These illustrate 

DRF markers, inform of their purpose and provide a contact telephone number to use if such a marker is 



Subpopulation 4b was fenced by Westrail to prevent threats from ongoing rail maintenance. 


Subpopulation 1b, located within 32 hectares of remnant vegetation, was fenced in 1995 to exclude sheep from 

the area. 


Botanic Garden and Parks Authority (BGPA) currently have 25 plants from four different clones in the nursery 

and gardens. Twenty of these were recently propagated for planting out in the garden beds. The success of 

propagation of the species from cuttings is dependent on the quality of the source material (pers. comm. A. 





Approximately 331 seeds were collected from Population 1 in January 1995 and stored in CALM’s TFSC at –


°C. The TFSC test the viability of the seed initially and after one year in storage. The initial germination rate 

of Verticordia albida seed was found to be 0% and after one year in storage was 3%. In January 1996, other 

collections consisted of 9438 seeds from Population 1, 900 seeds from Population 2, and 835 seeds from 

Population 3. The initial germination rates were 26%, 87% and 14%, and after one year in storage were 24%, 

69% and 19% respectively. In January 1997, 1211 seeds were collected from Population 1, 335 seeds from 

Population 2 and 410 seeds from Population 3. The initial germination rates were 20%, 18% and 30%, and after 

one year in storage were 58%, 73% and 12% respectively (unpublished data, A. Cochrane




Research on six threatened Verticordia species, including Verticordia albida, was undertaken by CALMScience 

Division in 1998 and 1999. The project investigated: 


1.  Soil seed bank dynamics, recruitment and seedling survival. 

2.  Phenology and seasonal growth. 

3.  Impact and control of diseases and invasive weeds. 

4.  Ex situ propagation and germplasm storage. 


An A4 sized poster, that provides a description of the species, and information about threats and recovery 

actions, has been developed for Verticordia albida. It is hoped that the poster will result in the discovery of new 



Staff from CALM’s Moora District office monitor the populations. 


The Moora District Threatened Flora Recovery Team (MDTFRT) is overseeing the implementation of this IRP 

and will include information on progress in its annual report to CALM’s Corporate Executive and funding 





 Amanda Shade, Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority 


 Anne Cochrane, Manager, CALM Threatened Flora Seed Centre 




Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 


Future recovery actions 


Where populations occur on lands other than those managed by CALM, permission has been or will be sought 

from the appropriate land managers prior to recovery actions being undertaken. 



Coordinate recovery actions 


The MDTFRT will continue to oversee the implementation of recovery actions for Verticordia albida and will 

include information on progress in their annual report to CALM’s Corporate Executive and funding bodies. 



Coordinate recovery actions 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$500 per year 



Assess and reposition DRF markers as necessary 


The positioning of Declared Rare Flora markers at all populations needs to be examined, and the markers 

repositioned or installed as necessary. 



Assess and reposition DRF markers as necessary 



CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$600 in first year 



Stimulate and monitor germination 


Burning, smoke water and other disturbance techniques may be effective in stimulating germination of 

Verticordia albida and will be trialed around a number of dead plants and extinct populations. The time when 

flowering first occurs, seed is produced and the age at senescence will be monitored. 



Stimulate and monitor germination 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$4,000 in first and second years, $1,500 in third year 



Undertake weed control 


Weeds are a threat to all populations. The following actions will be implemented: 


1.  Selection of appropriate herbicides after determining which weeds are present. 

2.  Controlling invasive weeds by hand removal or spot spraying around Verticordia albida plants when weeds 

first emerge. 

3.  Scheduling weed control to include spraying at other threatened flora populations within the district. 


The tolerance of associated native plant species to herbicides at the site of Verticordia albida is not known and 

weed control programs will be undertaken in conjunction with research. 



Undertake weed control 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$1,000 per year 



Propagate plants for translocation 


The propagation of plants in readiness for translocation is essential as the only known wild populations of 

Verticordia albida are under serious threat. Seed and/or cuttings will be taken for germination and propagation 

by the BGPA for use in translocations. 





Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 



Propagate plants for translocation 


CALM (Moora District) and the BGPA through the MDTFRT 


$2,800 in first and second years 



Undertake and monitor translocation 


Although translocations are generally undertaken under full Recovery Plans, the many threats to the wild 

populations of this species indicate the need for development of a translocation proposal within the time frame 

of this IRP. This will be coordinated by the MDTFRT. Information on the translocation of threatened animals 

and plants in the wild is provided in CALM Policy Statement No. 29 Translocation of Threatened Flora and 

Fauna. All translocation proposals require endorsement by the Director of Nature Conservation. 


Monitoring of the translocation is essential and will be undertaken according to the timetable to be set out in the 

Translocation Proposal. 



Undertake and monitor translocation 


CALM (CALMScience, Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$13,100 in first year, and $5,900 in subsequent years 



Conduct further surveys 


Previous collections of Verticordia albida covered a larger geographic range than currently known populations, 

therefore it is possible that there are more as yet undiscovered populations. Community-based groups and 

individuals will be encouraged to be involved in further surveys during the species’ flowering period 

(November to January), supervised by CALM staff. 



Conduct further surveys 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$2,500 per year 



Undertake rabbit control 


Rabbits have the potential to cause minor damage to the species at Populations 1 and 2. Where rabbits are 

identified as a threat, CALM will initiate control using the most appropriate method, in cooperation with land 

owners and managers. There are legislative restrictions on the use of 1080 Poison by CALM staff on land not 

under direct CALM management, and this will be taken into account when determining control methods. 



Undertake rabbit control 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$800 per year 



Collect seed and cutting material 


Preservation of germplasm is essential to guard against extinction if wild populations are lost. Seed has been 

collected from Populations 1, 2 and 3 but is also required from Population 4. Seed and cutting collections are 

also needed to propagate plants for translocations. 



Collect seed and cutting material 


CALM (Moora District, TFSC) through the MDTFRT 


$3,300 in first and second years 


10. Monitor 



Annual monitoring of factors such as habitat degradation, grazing, salinity, waterlogging, population stability 

(expansion or decline), weed invasion, pollinator activity, seed production, recruitment, longevity and predation 

is essential. 





Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 



Monitor populations 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$1,100 per year 


11.  Develop and implement a fire management strategy 


The fire response of Verticordia albida is not known, but it is likely that fire is needed to stimulate the 

germination of soil-stored seed. Frequent fire may, however, prevent the accumulation of sufficient seed to 

allow regeneration of the population. A fire management strategy will be developed that describes fire control 

measures and appropriate fire characteristics including timing and frequency. 



Develop and implement a fire management strategy 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$2,700 in first year and $1,100 in subsequent years. 


12.  Seek measures to achieve conservation management 


Ways and means of achieving protection of the private land on which Subpopulation 1b of Verticordia albida 

occurs will be investigated. Possible methods of achieving future conservation management include developing 

a Management Plan in consultation with the land manager, covenanting, and acquiring the land. 



Seek measures to achieve conservation management 


CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


To be determined 


13. Promote 



The importance of biodiversity conservation and the protection of the Critically Endangered Verticordia albida 

will be promoted to the public. Awareness will be encouraged in the community by a publicity campaign 

through the local print and electronic media and poster displays. Formal links with local naturalist groups and 

interested individuals will also be encouraged. 


Action: Promote 



CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$900 per year 


14.  Obtain biological and ecological information 


Increased knowledge of the biology and ecology of the species will provide a scientific basis for management of 

Verticordia albida in the wild. Investigations will include: 


1.  Investigation of the pollination biology of Verticordia albida

2.  Investigation of population genetic structures, levels of genetic diversity and minimum viable population 




Obtain biological and ecological information 


CALM (CALMScience, Moora District) through the MDTFRT 


$7,700 per year 


15.  Write a full Recovery Plan 


At the end of the second year of implementation of this IRP, the need for further recovery will be assessed. If 

Verticordia albida is still ranked Critically Endangered at that time, a full Recovery Plan will be developed that 

prescribes actions required for the long-term recovery of the species. 



Write a full Recovery Plan 


CALM (WATSCU, Moora District) through the MDTFRT 




Interim Recovery Plan for Verticordia albida 



$20,600 once in the final year 





This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from June 2001 to May 2004 but will remain in force until withdrawn 

or replaced. It is intended that, if the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered, this IRP will be replaced by a 

full Recovery Plan after three years. 




The following people have provided assistance and advice in the preparation of this Interim Recovery Plan: 


Anne Cochrane 

Manager, CALM Threatened Flora Seed Centre 

Alice Reaveley 

Flora Conservation Officer, CALM Moora District 

Amanda Shade 

Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority 


Thanks also to staff of the WA Herbarium for providing access to Herbarium databases and specimen 

information, and CALM’s Wildlife Branch for assistance. 




Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds) (1998) Western Australia’s Threatened Flora

Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1992) Policy Statement No. 44 Wildlife Management Programs. Department of Conservation and Land 

Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1994) Policy Statement No. 50 Setting Priorities for the Conservation of Western Australia’s 

Threatened Flora and Fauna. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

CALM (1995) Policy Statement No. 29 Translocation of Threatened Flora and Fauna. Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. 

George, A.S. (1991) New taxa, combinations and typifications in Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae). 

Nuytsia 7(3), 231-394. 

Ginger, D. (1999) The effects of habitat fragmentation on two rare and endangered Verticordias. Honours 

Thesis, Curtin University of Technology. 

IUCN (2000) IUCN red list categories prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission, as approved by the 

51st meeting of the IUCN Council. Gland, Switzerland. 

Western Australian Herbarium (1998) FloraBase – Information on the Western Australian Flora. Department of 

Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/science/ 

Yates, C., Coates, D. and Cochrane, A. (2000) Verticordia (6) Interim Recovery Plans (Implementation). 

Department of Conservation and Land Management, Environment Australia. 





George, A.S. (1991) New taxa, combinations and typifications in Verticordia (Myrtaceae: Chamelaucieae). 

Nuytsia 7(3), 231-394. 


Verticordia albida  A.S. George, sp. nov. is related to V. chrysostachys from which it differs in the flowers 

white (rarely pink) with pink centre, petals shorter and broader, stamens sparsely glandular, and style less 

curved and with 

± sparse hairs surrounding the upper style. Petals 4-5 mm long, 3-4 mm wide. Style 6-6.5 mm 

long with hairs 0.5-0.7 mm long. 



Document Outline

                • History
      • Description
            • Distribution and habitat
        • Critical habitat
              • Biology and ecology
                  • Summary of population information and threats
        • Pop. No. & Location
    • Condition
        • 1A. SW of Three Springs
        • 1B. SW of Three Springs
        • 2A. SW of Three Springs
        • 2B. SW of Three Springs
        • 3. NW of Three Springs
        • 4A. SE of Arrino
        • 4B. SE of Arrino
        • Objectives
        • Existing recovery actions
        • Future recovery actions
      • 1.Coordinate recovery actions
      • 2.Assess and reposition DRF markers as necessary
      • Responsibility:CALM (Moora District) through the MDTFRT
        • 4.Undertake weed control
      • 7.Conduct further surveys
      • 8.Undertake rabbit control
      • 9.Collect seed and cutting material
      • 10.Monitor populations
      • 11.Develop and implement a fire management strategy
      • 13.Promote awareness
      • 14.Obtain biological and ecological information
      • 15.Write a full Recovery Plan

Kataloq: images -> documents -> plants-animals -> threatened-species -> recovery plans -> Approved interim recovery plans
Approved interim recovery plans -> Verticordia
Approved interim recovery plans -> Southern shy featherflower
Approved interim recovery plans -> Interim recovery plan
Approved interim recovery plans -> Scaly-leaved featherflower
Approved interim recovery plans -> Pine featherflower (verticordia staminosa subsp. Cylindracea var. Erecta)
Approved interim recovery plans -> Wongan featherflower
Approved interim recovery plans -> Plant assemblages of the Billeranga System Interim Recovery Plan
Approved interim recovery plans -> Clay pans of the Swan Coastal Plain
Approved interim recovery plans -> Phalanx grevillea
Approved interim recovery plans -> Interim Recovery Plan 2014–2019 Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia

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