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Plant Biographies







Eugenia floribunda 

[Synonyms : Calycorectes cubensisEugenia asagrayiEugenia ciliolataEugenia 

leucophloeaEugenia maranhensisEugenia maximilianaEugenia oneilliiEugenia 

pittieriEugenia polyneuraEugenia protractaEugenia pycnoneuraEugenia 

salzmanniiMarlierea brachymischaMarlierea cubensisMyrciaria amazonica

Myrciaria arboreaMyrciaria axillarisMyrciaria ciliolataMyrciaria floribunda

Myrciaria leucadendronMyrciaria leucophloeaMyrciaria longicaudataMyrciaria 

longipesMyrciaria maranhensisMyrciaria maximilianaMyrciaria mexicana

Myrciaria oneilliiMyrciaria prasinaMyrciaria protractaMyrciaria salzmanni

Myrciaria schuchianaMyrciaria sellowianaMyrciaria splendensMyrciaria 

tenuiramisMyrciaria tolypanthaMyrciaria tolypantha var. latifoliaMyrciaria 

uliginosaMyrciaria verticillataParamyrciaria ciliolataPlinia acutissimaPlinia 

asagrayiPlinia cubensisPlinia formosaPlinia rubrinervisSiphoneugena cantareirae

GUAVA BERRY is an evergreen shrub or tree. Native to the Caribbean and from southern 

Mexico to Brazil, it has small yellow-white flowers with many prominent white stamens. 

It is also known as Bois mulâtre (Haitian), Cabo de chivo (Salvadoran), Coco-carette 

(Guadeloupe and Martiniquais), Duque (Brazilian), Escobillo (Nicaraguan), Guaveberry, 

Guayabillo (Guatemalan), Mije ((Cuban), Mijo ((Dominican), Mizto (Spanish), Murta 

(Puerto Rican), Roode bosch guave (Dutch), Rumberry, and Saitjaberan (Surinamese). 

Warning –  the skin has a high tannin content and should not be consumed in any quantity. 

Floribunda means ‘profusely or freely flowering’ 

The small and juicy, grape-like reddish-black or yellow-orange berries have been used locally 

to make wine and liqueur. They have whitish pulp with a grape-like taste and are eaten 

raw or made into preserves, tarts and jams. (A particular liqueur is said to have been 

made with the fruit in the U.S. Virgin Islands and exported to Denmark – it is claimed 

according to some records ‘in large quantities’.) The Cubans eat honey made by  bees 

which frequent these trees. 

Medicinally, local herbalists have recommended a fruit decoction to treat some liver disorders. 


©Sue Eland 2008 

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