SəRBƏst iŞ Tələbə: Səma Abdinova Müəllim: Mehriban Hüseynova Fakultə: Təhsil 2

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2. Səma Abdinova, 120A. Etiquette in different countries

Be Respectful In Nepal
When it comes to international etiquette, there is much to be mindful of on a Nepal tour, especially if you’re visiting a Hindu or Buddhist temple. Take your shoes off before entering a place of worship, don’t take photos unless you’ve asked permission, and refrain from touching offerings or shrines. Monks and pilgrims will also only walk around Buddhist monuments clockwise – follow their example.

Avoid Being Affectionate In Egypt

Etiquette in different cultures varies – you should avoid public displays of affection in Islamic countries. Even if you’re with a loved one on holiday to Egypt, don’t offend others by getting overly romantic or holding hands as you wander around sightseeing. Be sure to dress modestly, particularly during the holy month of Ramadan.
Don’t Eat Food With Your Left Hand In India
I f travelling to India, perhaps on an escorted tour, no doubt you’ll try the local cuisine. The country is famous for its delicious spicy dishes, but when enjoying a meal, don’t eat with your left hand. It’s thought to be unclean and only used for personal hygiene. If you’re asked to pass the chutney, reach out with your right hand.
Forget The Thumbs-Up Sign In Turkey
Giving someone the thumbs up usually means everything is just great. However, if on holiday in Turkey, the same sign is considered extremely rude and is best avoided. Also, don’t form the round OK symbol with your thumb and forefinger as it’s regarded as an insulting gesture. Be aware, too, that while a nod of the head downwards means yes, locals won’t shake their head to indicate no – that’s a tilt upwards.
Avoid Eating When Visiting Italian Churches And Monuments
As the saying goes ‘When in Rome…’, so follow local behaviour when visiting Italy and don’t eat or drink near churches, historic monuments and public buildings. In some Italian towns and cities, it’s actually against the law. You should also never bring food into a place of worship, and avoid sipping from your water bottle while inside.

Burp During Dinner In China
Fellow diners won’t be impressed if you make rude noises in a UK restaurant, but when on holiday in China, it’s perfectly acceptable to burp away – it’s a sign that you’re eating a satisfying meal. Talking with your mouth full is okay too, just be aware of customs in different countries. Waving your chopsticks around or leaving them standing in food is considered disrespectful.
Refrain From Tipping In Japan
Visitors to Japan are encouraged to slurp their noodles, but when it comes to paying the dinner bill, don’t think about leaving a tip. It’s viewed as extremely bad practice and could embarrass your waiter, as excellent service comes as standard.
Try Your French In France
Even if it’s just a friendly ‘merci‘ or ‘bonjour‘, attempting to speak one or two words and phrases while on holiday in France will be much appreciated by locals. It’s bad international etiquette to assume the French will speak to you in English, so try to get to grips with at least some of the local language.
Cover Your Mouth When Yawning In South Africa
W hile you are highly unlikely to be bored on a holiday to South Africa, be aware that yawning without covering your mouth is considered bad manners, although this is also true for many countries. If you’re feeling tired from days exploring the wonders of South Africa, always remember to reach up and cover your mouth when yawning so as not to accidentally offend someone you may be talking to.
If you’ve done any traveling at all, you’re likely quite aware that customs and etiquette differ from one culture to another: what may be perfectly innocuous in one place may be hideously offensive in another, and vice-versa. Granted, even if you haven’t traveled at all, you’re probably aware of the fact that certain types of behavior aren’t exactly acceptable in other countries: belching at the table may be a sign of gratitude in some places, but in most areas of North America and Europe, such a display will earn you a fair bit of ire. Whether you plan on traveling to any of the places listed below or just doing business with a foreign client, it’s important to educate yourself on the standards of politesse and etiquette beforehand—the last thing you want to do is offend someone with any ignorant, boorish behavior. Here’s how to be polite in different countries:
When dealing with Japanese clients, be sure to dress fairly conservatively, and make sure that you bow lower than they do upon meeting them. Accept gifts with both hands (and open them later, not in front of the giver), and never blow your nose at the dining table. Avoid asking and answering direct questions: it’s better to imply rather than ask, and to answer with vagueness during conversations.
Keep personal distance and don’t touch people when you talk to them. Ensure proper table manners, never discuss religion or politics, and try to maintain a level of quiet dignity. Silences during conversations are not considered uncomfortable, and it’s better to be a bit quiet, rather than overly verbose. When dining out, don’t drink before the host offers a toast, and don’t get drunk.
When meeting others, women should initiate handshakes with men, but all people should avoid making too much eye contact; that can be seen as aggressive and belligerent behavior. If sharing a meal with others, keep your elbows off the table and try to avoid burping at all costs. Keep your hands off your hips, and make sure you never make the “okay” sign with your hand: it’s vulgar.
When greeting someone older or of a higher status than yourself, grip their right wrist with your left hand while shaking it; it’s a sign of respect and deference. Do ask questions about their health, family, business etc. before getting to major topics, as skipping these niceties is seen as impolite. If sharing meals, do not begin eating until the eldest male has been served and starts to eat.
Keep your voice low and quiet when conversing with others, as that is seen as being mature and respectful. Be aware that people will speak to you at a closer distance than you may be used to, and you may be touched on the arm or shoulder during conversation. Polite jokes are acceptable, as is inquiring about family members. Never show the bottoms of your shoes.
Much like Scandinavian people, Germans tend to be reserved and polite. Ensure that handshakes are firm, and always address people with Mr. or Mrs. followed by their surname (“Herr” or “Frau” if you’re confident that you’ll pronounce them well). Decent table manners are of great importance, and be sure to say “please” and “thank you” often.
Be generous with saying “thank you” when someone does anything from pouring you tea to offering you a gift, and if or when you receive a gift, take it with both hands. If someone makes a comment about your weight/appearance/idiosyncrasy, try not to take it as offensive: it’s merely an observation on their part.
Years of British rule in Barbados established a high degree of politesse, so be sure to greet people as Mr./Mrs./Miss and say “please” and “thank you” often. Formal table manners are a must, as is modest dress anywhere but at the beach. Avoid discussing religion and politics, and stick to neutral-yet-friendly topics of conversation with others.
Be sure to dress modestly (especially if you’re female), and if you go out for a meal, eat with your right hand; the left is considered unclean. Sit on your left hand if you need to, but keep it away from your food. Don’t show anyone the bottom of your shoe, and try not to touch anyone with your feet.
Be sure to say “please” and “thank you” often, and always thank people for their time. If you need help at a shop, apologize to the staff for bothering them with a question, and be sure to thank them before you leave. Make sure that you chew with your mouth closed during meals, don’t speak when your mouth is full, and for goodness’ sake, don’t slurp anything!
Don’t be offended if a Korean woman merely nods instead of offering her hand to shake, and don’t extend yours to her. Never touch a Korean person while talking to them (unless you’re on very friendly terms), and maintain a respectable distance: personal space is rather vital. Try to avoid talking too much during meals, and offer to pay even if you know that the other party is treating you.
This is another country in which people will lean in close when they speak to you, and touch you often during a conversation. Pulling away is considered rude and “cold”, so be prepared to sacrifice your own personal space for the sake of social courtesy. Maintain strong eye contact, and don’t put your hands on your hips.
The Netherlands
Shake hands with everyone, ensuring that you smile and make eye contact while doing so. Make appointments for meetings and social functions well in advance (like, a couple of weeks in advance), and be punctual when you show up. Feel free to bring gifts such as chocolate or flowers when visiting people.
Turning down an alcoholic drink is considered terribly offensive in Russia, so it’s a good idea to fortify yourself with some greasy food before heading out for a meal with Russian or Ukrainian clients. Don’t smile at strangers or they’ll think you’re deranged, and when paying for items, place your money on the counter rather than trying to hand it directly to the cashier.

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