Siege of Charleston, S. C. Confederate troops used wood saturated with sulfur, burning it to produce a choking smoke



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Siege of Charleston, S.C. Confederate troops used wood saturated with sulfur, burning it to produce a choking smoke.

  • Siege of Charleston, S.C. Confederate troops used wood saturated with sulfur, burning it to produce a choking smoke.













Gas Masks rushed to the front



Edgewood Arsenal refined DM

  • Edgewood Arsenal refined DM

  • Major Roger Adams

  • Known as “Adamsite gas”



Developed at Edgewood Arsenal by U.S. Army

  • Developed at Edgewood Arsenal by U.S. Army

  • Not used until the 1980’s.

  • All natural, non-synthetic.

  • Thought to be less effective than CN



U.S.Chemists Carson and Sloughton develop it.

  • U.S.Chemists Carson and Sloughton develop it.

  • 1956 patented by British,

  • 1961 used by British on Cyprus,

  • Presently most used chemical agent by Law Enforcement.









UN bans DM as war gas



U.S. Army developed mask that would filter CS particles at 1-10 microns.

  • U.S. Army developed mask that would filter CS particles at 1-10 microns.

  • (1 micron = 1/25,000 inch)



Developed by U.S.Army

  • Developed by U.S.Army

    • Higginbottom and Suchitsky
  • Tested and used by British

  • Used by U.S. military police

  • Hand-held aerosol containers loaded by Federal Labs



Manufactured by General Ordinance (G.O.E.C)

  • Manufactured by General Ordinance (G.O.E.C)

  • .9-1% CN in a petroleum-based carrying agent.

  • Was most used agent in world.



Initiated after the death of LA Times news reporter Reuben Salazar

  • Initiated after the death of LA Times news reporter Reuben Salazar



AAI Corp. introduces 12-gauge liquid frangible shell.

  • AAI Corp. introduces 12-gauge liquid frangible shell.

  • CN & CS

  • 1970 37mm shell

  • 1985 40mm shell

  • 1991 OC ferrets

  • Powder payloads



U.S. Army approves CR as riot-control agent

  • U.S. Army approves CR as riot-control agent



Aberdeen Proving Grounds tests new mask

  • Aberdeen Proving Grounds tests new mask

  • Forerunner of MCU-2P (Mickey Two)



Discovered in 1920 Edgewood Arsenal



Standardized quick change filters to NATO spec

  • Standardized quick change filters to NATO spec

  • 1st 10,000 to USAF in 1983 by MSI Corp.

  • Filters-chemical, biological, radioactive



SDSO Reintroduces Gas Axe

  • SDSO Reintroduces Gas Axe

  • Lake Erie Chemical Company





OSHA/NIOSH Regulations clarified

  • OSHA/NIOSH Regulations clarified

  • 29 CFR 1910.128 APR Standards

  • Military type masks not approved



Def-Tec reintroduces OC nationwide:

  • Def-Tec reintroduces OC nationwide:



Combined M-17 and MCU-2P

  • Combined M-17 and MCU-2P

  • U.S. Marines issued new mask

  • Later issued to all branches of the military





CA DOJ issues provisional use for 180 days:

  • CA DOJ issues provisional use for 180 days:

    • Extended to 1995
    • Two products:
    • Law Enforcement Only


DOJ approves use by citizens

  • DOJ approves use by citizens

  • As of March 1, 1994 citizens can carry OC with proper training

  • DEF-TEC has only legal product in California



Citizen certification program halted

  • Citizen certification program halted

  • Citizen use restricted to aerosols less than 2.5 oz

  • Unrestricted use by law enforcement



SA200 Rifle

  • SA200 Rifle

  • Multiple versions

  • OC powder







Visible

  • Visible

  • Persistent

  • Measured Dose



Fit Testing for gas masks/APRs

  • Fit Testing for gas masks/APRs

  • Qualitative Testing/Smell Test

  • Quantitative Testing/Instrument Rating



Home-made gas ram kills Sgt. Tom Hontz during training exercise in Arizona

  • Home-made gas ram kills Sgt. Tom Hontz during training exercise in Arizona



Smoke Grenade

  • Smoke Grenade

  • Ports Blocked

  • Poor Design









FN Herstal introduces FN 303

  • FN Herstal introduces FN 303












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