The Trustee Period of Colonial Georgia People and Events
Period of Colonial Georgia
People and Events
Evaluate the Trustee Period of Georgia’s colonial history, emphasizing the role of the Salzburgers, Highland Scots, malcontents, and the Spanish threat from Florida.
, James Oglethorpe, what other individuals influenced the establishment and development of Georgia’s colonial society?
Which cultural groups affected the Georgia colony and what were their contributions?
I. Artisans (craftsmen)
Reason—land and new opportunity (few were Debtors)
From – England
**most of first settlers, prepared Savannah by clearing land, cutting down trees, and helping to build permanent homes
**started a variety
of businesses in colony
Questions from Georgia Stories Video
What tasks did the colonist have to do?
What attracted individuals to come to Georgia?
What hardships did the first colonists have to endure?
II. Highland Scots
Purpose– obtain land and opportunities
Contributions– founded town of Darien;
Fought bravely at Battle of Bloody Marsh;
Most were involved with Malcontents (opposed the rule of Trustees)
from Video on Highland Scots
Who owned the land that the Scots worked on when they lived in Scotland?
How were the Highlander fighters similar to Native American warriors?
What were the roles that women played when their husbands left the colony to fight the Spanish?
Purpose– religious freedom
Contributions– one member, Dr. Sam Nunis, helped heal colonists suffering from malaria; provide
more men for depleted militia
; oldest congregation in Georgia
Questions from video on the Jewish Congregation
What options were given to the Jews in Spain and Portugal?
What choices did the Jewish people make?
Why did the Jews arrive in Savannah “just in time?”
From– western coast and interior of Africa
African culture to New World
; incorporated knowledge into tools, stories, and songs;
Questions on video on Africans?
Even though they struggled being slaves, what did Africans pass onto the next generations?
What were some of the skills from Africa?
What part of Africa were most slaves in Georgia originally from?
What did African slaves used in place of drums that were forbidden by their owners?
Purpose– Religious freedom
Contributions– built first settlement outside of Savannah (New Ebenezer)
Questions from video clip on Salzburgers
How did the Salzburgers make it from Austria to Georgia?
How did they first view Georgia when they first arrived?
What opportunities did the Salzburgers realized they had in Georgia and not in their own country?
What events ruined the town of New Ebenezer?
Purpose– missionary work, convert Native Americans
From– Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic)
Contribution– allowed women to be ministers and hold religious offices
Blamed economic problems
on regulations of Trustees
Saw prosperity of South Carolina and wished to have large tracts of land (over 500 acres), rum, and slaves
Colonists divided and many left the colony
From 1743 to 1752, James Oglethorpe did not return and regulations were repealed
War of Jenkins's Ear
Oglethorpe led force of 2,000 settlers and Native Americans into Florida
1740 beaten back at St. Augustine
Battle of Bloody Marsh
What were the accomplishments and failures during the Trustees period? ( see page 128)
Why was Georgia different from other colonies?
How did Georgia help the English colonies?
Evaluate James Oglethorpe’s leadership
What were some of the colonies struggles?
Why did the trustees eventually lose their charter?
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