Verb conjugation table



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VERB CONJUGATION TABLE

Japanese Verbs - U verbs (Group 1)

English

Plain form

Plain neg

~nakatta (neg past tense)

~te form

~ta form (past tense)

~masu

~masen (neg)

~masen deshita (neg past tense)

write

kaku

kaka-nai

kaka-nakatta

ka-ite

ka-ita

kak-imasu

kak-imasen

kak-imasendeshita

work

hataraku

hatarakanai

hatarakanakatta

hataraite

hataraita

hatarakimasu

hatarakimasen

hatarak-imasendeshita

listen

kiku

kikanai

kikanakatta

kiite

kiita

kikimasu

kikimasen

kik-imasendeshita

swim

oyogu

oyoga-nai

oyoga-nakatta

oyo-ide

oyo-ida

oyog-imasu

oyog-imasen

oyog-imasendeshita

hurry

isogu

isoganai

isoganakatta

isoide

isoida

isogimasu

isogimasen

isogimasendeshita

speak

hanasu

hanasa-nai

hanasa-nakatta

hana-shite

hana-shita

hana-shimasu

hana-shimasen

hanash-imasendeshita

take out

dasu

dasanai

dasanakatta

dashite

dashita

dashimasu

dashimasen

dash-imasendeshita

die

shinu

shi-nai

shi-nakatta

shin-de

shin-da

shin-imasu

shin-imasen

shin-imasendeshita

call

yobu

yoba-nai

yoba-nakatta

yon-de

yon-da

yob-imasu

yobimasen

yob-imasendeshita

play

asobu

asobanai

asobanakatta

asonde

asonda

asobimasu

asobimasen

asob-imasendeshita

drink

nomu

noma-nai

noma-nakatta

non-de

non-da

nom-imasu

nom-imasen

nom-imasendeshita

read

yomu

yomanai

yomanakatta

yonde

yonda

yom-imasu

yom-imasen

yom-imasendeshita

buy

kau

kawa-nai

kawa-nakatta

ka-tte

ka-tta

ka-imasu

ka-imasen

ka-imasendeshita

wash

arau

arwanai

arawanakatta

ara-tte

ara-tta

arimasu

arimasen

aramasendeshita

wait

matsu

mata-nai

mata-nakatta

ma-tte

ma-tta

mach-imasu

mach-imasen

mach-imasendeshita

raise

tatsu

tatanai

tata-nakatta

tatte

ta-tta

tachimasu

tachimasen

tachimasendeshita

sit

suwaru

suwara-nai

suwara-nakatta

suwa-tte

suwa-tta

suwar-imasu

suwar-imasen

suwar-imasendeshita

know

wakaru

wakaranai

wakaranakatta

wakatte

wakatta

wakarimasu

wakarimasen

wakarimasendeshita

Exceptions - verbs that end in ~iru or ~eru (Belong with group 1 verbs)

English

Plain form

Plain neg

~nakatta (neg past tense)

~te form

~ta form (past tense)

~masu

~masen (neg)

~masen deshita (neg past tense)

enter

hairu

haira-nai

haira-nakatta

hai-tte

hai-tta

haimasu

himasen

himasendeshita

return

kaeru

kaeranai

kaeranakatta

kaette

kaetta

kaerimasu

kaerimasen

kaerimasendeshita

run

hashiru

hashinai

hashinakatta

hashitte

hashitta

hashirimasu

hashirimasen

hashirimasendeshita

go

iku

ikanai

ikanakatta

itte

itta

ikimasu

ikimasen

ikimasendeshita

be

iru

inai

inakatta

ite

ita

imasu

imasen

imasendeshita

exist/have

aru

nai

nakatta

atte

atta

arimasu

arimasen

arimasendeshita

limit

kagiru

kaginai

kaginakatta

kagitte

kagitta

kagimasu

kagimasen

kagimasendeshita

cut

kiru

kinai

kinakatta

kitte

kitta

kimasu

kimasen

kimasendeshita

chatter

shaberu

shabenai

shabenakatta

shabette

shabetta

shabemasu

shabemasen

shabemasendeshita

Japanese Verbs - RU verbs - ending in ~iru or ~eru

English

Plain form

Plain neg

~nakatta (neg past tense)

~te form

~ta form (past tense)

~masu

~masen (neg)

~masen deshita (neg past tense)

wear

kiru

kinai

kinakatta

kite

kita

kimasu

kimasen

kimasendeshita

see

miru

minai

minakatta

mite

mita

mimasu

mimasen

mimasendeshita

get up

okiru

okinai

okinakatta

okite

okita

okimasu

okimasen

okimasendeshita

sleep

neru

nenai

nenakatta

nete

neta

nemasu

nemasen

nemasendeshita

open

akeru

ake-nai

ake-nakatta

ake-te

ake-ta

ake-masu

ake-masen

ake-masendeshita

give

ageru

agenai

agenakatta

agete

ageta

agemasu

agemasen

agemasendeshita

go out

deru

denai

denakatta

dete

deta

demasu

demasen

demasendeshita

eat

taberu

tabenai

tabenakatta

tabete

tabeta

tabemasu

tabemasen

tabemasendeshita


Irregular verbs

English

Plain form

Plain neg

~nakatta (neg past tense)

~te form

~ta form (past tense)

~masu

~masen (neg)

~masen deshita (neg past tense)

do

suru

shinai

shinakatta

shite

shita

shimasu

shimasen

shimasendeshita

come

kuru

konai

konakatta

kite

kita

kimasu

kimasen

kimasendeshita


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