Human Behavior in the Social Environment Anissa Taun Rogers



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Human Behavior in the Social Environment

Anissa Taun Rogers

Question Bank

10/08/2009





Chapter 12

Multiple Choice



  1. An alternative to using chronological age to assess whether a client is old or not is to:

    1. Not use age at all since it is socially constructed

    2. Use functional age (p317)

    3. Allow individuals to decide how old they are based on how well they feel

    4. Have a health care professional assess the client

  2. A disease that leaves the bones weak and vulnerable to fractures is:

    1. Arthritis

    2. Osteoarthritis

    3. Osteoporosis (p318)

    4. Rheumatoid arthritis

  3. The only test that confirms that an individual has Alzheimer’s disease is:

    1. A blood test

    2. A MRI

    3. An autopsy after death (p324)

    4. A mental health assessment

  4. Research indicates that slowing in the cognitive processes of an older adult could very likely be due to:

    1. The onset of dementia

    2. The onset of Alzheimer’s disease

    3. Poor nutrition

    4. Environmental factors or poor instruction (p324)

  5. The elderly are more likely than younger people to complete suicide because:

    1. They tend to give fewer indications of suicidal thoughts (p326-327)

    2. They’ve been discarded by their families

    3. Their spouse has died

    4. They have no social support system

  6. It is difficult to estimate the suicide rates of the elderly because they may deliberately do which of the following?

    1. Stop taking their medications

    2. Become self-neglectful

    3. Have accidents that cause death but are deemed to be “natural causes”

    4. All of the above (p326-327)

  7. “It is unrealistic to expect older adults to be fully active in societal roles.” This is a tenet of which theory?

    1. Activity theory

    2. Disengagement theory (p328)

    3. Continuity theory

    4. Ageing theory

  8. “If older adults do disengage from their roles it is because of factors out of their control such as economics, discrimination, and poor health.” This is the position of which theory?

    1. Continuity theory

    2. Ageing theory

    3. Activity theory (p329-329)

    4. Disengagement theory

  9. Who/what does activity theory say is responsible for older adults disengaging from their societal roles?

    1. The elderly themselves

    2. Families of the elderly

    3. Employers

    4. Society (p329)

  10. Continuity theory emphases the role of ________ in determining the outcomes of older adults.

    1. Personality (p329)

    2. Family

    3. Spouse

    4. Community

  11. Older adults losing their sexuality

    1. Is a real fear for most aging adults

    2. Generally only affects older men

    3. Is another false stereotype about older adults (p332)

    4. Is of no concern to the elderly

  12. Kubler-Ross’s model helps social workers understand stages of grief and loss in cases of:

    1. Divorce

    2. Disability

    3. Imminent death of a loved one

    4. All the above (p334)

  13. “If you give me more time, I’ll…” is a response that corresponds to which stage of Kubler-Ross’s model of death and dying?

    1. Stage one: denial

    2. Stage three: bargaining (p335)

    3. Stage four depression

    4. Stage two: anger

  14. “There must be a mistake” is a response that corresponds to which stage of Kubler-Ross’ model of death and dying?

    1. Stage four depression

    2. Stage two: anger

    3. Stage one: denial (p335)

    4. Stage five: acceptance

  15. All the following may face older adults when grandparenting EXCEPT:

    1. Legal issues

    2. Financial challenges

    3. Familial conflict

    4. Adequate public programs (p326-327)

  16. According to the Administration on Aging, when an adult child is the primary caregiver of an elderly parent AND is financially dependent on the parent, the risk of elder abuse and neglect

    1. Decreases

    2. Increases (p340)

    3. Diminishes

    4. Inconclusive

  17. Any set of services provided to people who need sustained help with ADLs and IADLs is referred to as:

    1. Continuing care retirement communities (CCRCs)

    2. Managed care

    3. Long-term care (LTC)(p341)

    4. Social services

  18. The goal of long-term care is to:

    1. Keep costs of services down

    2. Provide employment for the elderly

    3. Assist families with grief

    4. Keep elders independent and living in their communities (p341-343)

  19. The term triple jeopardy refers to:

    1. Someone who is female, ethnic-minority, and elderly (p345)

    2. Those who live in poverty

    3. Those who are eligible for social security disability

    4. An elderly individual who is at high risk for suicide

  20. With regard to the Older Americans Act (OAA), the ombudsman programs

    1. Are part of Medicare

    2. Offer advocacy for older adults who are residing in skilled nursing facilities (p348)

    3. Are available to all the elderly

    4. Ensure nursing home staff are protected from labor violations

  21. A living will is:

    1. One form of an advanced directive (p351)

    2. The only recognized type of advanced directive

    3. Required for overnight hospital stays

    4. Required by law

Short Answer

  1. Discuss the pros and cons of using chronological age to determine whether a person is old or not. (p317)

  2. List and describe two measures social workers use to assess level of functioning in older adults. (p317)

  3. Describe the relationship between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. (p323-324)

  4. Discuss the two points of view about how personality affects aging. (p325)

  5. Compare and contrast disengagement theory and activity theory (p328-329)

  6. Discuss the perspective of aging well. (p330)

  7. How could a social worker use Fowler’s stages of faith development to work with older adults? (p331)

  8. Discuss the challenges the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender individuals may encounter as they age (p332-333)

  9. Why is it critical that social workers understand models of grief especially if they are working with older adults? (p333-334)

  10. With regards to informal caregiving of older adults, discuss exchange theory and how it might explain the dynamics of their relationship. (p339)

  11. Discuss the difficulties older adults may face as they age from the medical model perspective (p310-320). What issues, that may equally impact the elderly, does this model fail to take into account? (p323-332)

  12. Discuss the levels of functioning continuum. Provide examples of what you would expect to see in each level. (p324)

  13. Discuss the term triple jeopardy. (p337-338)

  14. Define and discuss the differences between active and passive euthanasia. (p343)


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