of the United States of America
D E C E M B E R 2 0 1 7
My fellow Americans:
Th e American people elected me to make America great again. I promised that my Administration would
put the safety , interests, and well-being of our citizens fi rst. I pledged that we would revitalize the American
economy, rebuild our military, defend our borders, protect our sovereignty, and advance our values.
During my first year in office, you have witnessed my America First foreign policy in action. We are
prioritizing the interests of our citizens and protecting our sovereign rights as a nation. America is
leading again on the world stage. We are not hiding from the challenges we face. We are confronting
them head-on and pursuing opportunities to promote the security and prosperity of all Americans.
Th e United States faces an extraordinarily dangerous world, fi lled with a wide range of threats that have
intensified in recent years. When I came into office, rogue regimes were developing nuclear weapons
and missiles to threaten the entire planet. Radical Islamist terror groups were fl ourishing. Terrorists had
taken control of vast swaths of the Middle East. Rival powers were aggressively undermining American
interests around the globe. At home, porous borders and unenforced immigration laws had created a host
of vulnerabilities. Criminal cartels were bringing drugs and danger into our communities. Unfair trade
practices had weakened our economy and exported our jobs overseas. Unfair burden-sharing with our allies
and inadequate investment in our own defense had invited danger from those who wish us harm. Too many
Americans had lost trust in our government, faith in our future, and confidence in our values.
Nearly one year later, although serious challenges remain, we are charting a new and very diff erent course.
We are rallying the world against the rogue regime in North Korea and confronting the danger posed
by the dictatorship in Iran, which those determined to pursue a flawed nuclear deal had neglected. We
have renewed our friendships in the Middle East and partnered with regional leaders to help drive out
terrorists and extremists, cut off their financing, and discredit their wicked ideology. We crushed
Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) terrorists on the battlefields of Syria and Iraq, and will continue
pursuing them until they are destroyed. America’s allies are now contributing more to our common
defense, strengthening even our strongest alliances. We have also continued to make clear that the United
States will no longer tolerate economic aggression or unfair trading practices.
At home, we have restored confidence in America’s purpose. We have recommitted ourselves to
our founding principles and to the values that have made our families, communities, and society so
successful. Jobs are coming back and our economy is growing. We are making historic investments in
the United States military. We are enforcing our borders, building trade relationships based on fairness
and reciprocity, and defending America’s sovereignty without apology.
T H E W H I T E HOUSE
W A S H I N G T O N , D C
The whole world is lifted by America’s renewal and the reemergence of American leadership. After one
about the bett er future we seek for our people and the world, by confronting the challenges and dangers
posed by those who seek to destabilize the world and threaten America’s people and interests.
My Administration’s National Security Strategy lays out a strategic vision for protecting the American
people and preserving our way of life, promoting our prosperity, preserving peace through strength,
and advancing American influence in the world. We will pursue this beautiful vision—a world
of strong, sovereign, and independent nations, each with its own cultures and dreams, thriving side-
by-side in prosperity, freedom, and peace—throughout the upcoming year.
In pursuit of that future, we will look at the world with clear eyes and fresh thinking. We will promote
a balance of power that favors the United States, our allies, and our partners. We will never lose sight of
our values and their capacity to inspire, uplift, and renew.
Most of all, we will serve the American people and uphold their right to a government that prioritizes
their security, their prosperity, and their interests. This National Security Strategy puts America First.
President Donald J. Trump
Th e White House
Table of Contents
P I L L A R I :
and the American Way of Life
Secure U.S. Borders and Territory
Strengthen Border Control and Immigration Policy ...........................................................................................................9
Pursue Th reats to Th eir Source
Keep America Safe in the Cyber Era
Promote American Resilience
Promote American Prosperity
Rejuvenate the Domestic Economy
Promote Free, Fair, and Reciprocal Economic Relationships
Lead in Research, Technology, Invention, and Innovation
Promote and Protect the U.S. National Security Innovation Base
Embrace Energy Dominance
P I L L A R I I I :
Renew America’s Competitive Advantages
Military ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 28
Diplomacy and Statecraft
Competitive Diplomacy ............................................................................................................................................................ 33
P I L L A R I V:
Advance American Influence
Encourage Aspiring Partners
Achieve Bett er Outcomes in Multilateral Forums
Champion American Values
The Strategy in a Regional Context
South and Central Asia
An America that is safe, prosperous, and free at home is an America with the
strength, confi dence, and will to lead abroad. It is an America that can pre-
serve peace, uphold liberty , and create enduring advantages for the American
people. Putt ing America fi rst is the duty of our government and the foun-
dation for U.S. leadership in the world.
A strong America is in the vital interests of not only the American people, but
also those around the world who want to partner with the United States in
pursuit of shared interests, values, and aspirations.
Th is National Security Strategy puts America fi rst.
n America First National Security
ciples, a clear-eyed assessment of U.S.
interests, and a determination to tackle the chal-
lenges that we face. It is a strategy of principled
realism that is guided by outcomes, not ideology.
It is based upon the view that peace, security , and
prosperity depend on strong, sovereign nations
that respect their citizens at home and cooper-
ate to advance peace abroad. And it is grounded
in the realization that American principles are
a lasting force for good in the world.
“We the People” is America’s source of strength.
Th e United States was born of a desire for life, lib-
erty, and the pursuit of happiness—and a convic-
tion that unaccountable political power is tyr-
anny. For these reasons, our Founders crafted and
ratified the Constitution, establishing the repub-
lican form of government we enjoy today. The
Constitution grants our national government not
only specified powers necessary to protect our
God-given rights and liberties but also safeguards
them by limiting the government’s size and scope,
separating Federal powers, and protecting the
rights of individuals through the rule of law. All
political power is ultimately delegated from, and
accountable to, the people.
We protect American sovereignty by defending
these institutions, traditions, and principles that
have allowed us to live in freedom, to build the nation
that we love. And we prize our national heritage, for
the rare and fragile institutions of republican gov-
ernment can only endure if they are sustained by a
culture that cherishes those institutions.
Liberty and independence have given us the fl our-
ishing society Americans enjoy today—a vibrant
and confident Nation, welcoming of disagree-
ment and differences, but united by the bonds
of history, culture, beliefs, and principles that
define who we are.
We are proud of our roots and honor the wisdom of
the past. We are committ ed to protecting the rights
and dignity of every citizen. And we are a nation of
laws, because the rule of law is the shield that pro-
tects the individual from government corruption
and abuse of power, allows families to live with-
Our founding principles have made the United
States of America among the greatest forces for
good in history. But we are also aware that we
must protect and build upon our accomplish-
ments, always conscious of the fact that the inter-
ests of the American people constitute our true
America’s achievements and standing in the world
were neither inevitable nor accidental. On many
occasions, Americans have had to compete with
adversarial forces to preserve and advance our
security, prosperity, and the principles we hold
dear. At home, we fought the Civil War to end slav-
ery and preserve our Union in the long strug-
gle to extend equal rights for all Americans. In
the course of the bloodiest century in human his-
tory, millions of Americans fought, and hun-
dreds of thousands lost their lives, to defend lib-
erty in two World Wars and the Cold War. America,
with our allies and partners, defeated fascism,
imperialism, and Soviet communism and elimi-
nated any doubts about the power and durability
of republican democracy when it is sustained by
a free, proud, and unified people.
The United States consolidated its military
victories with political and economic triumphs
built on market economies and fair trade, dem-
ocratic principles, and shared security partner-
ships. American political, business, and military
leaders worked together with their counterparts
in Europe and Asia to shape the post-war order
through the United Nations, the Marshall Plan, the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and
other institutions designed to advance our shared
interests of security , freedom, and peace. We recog-
nize the invaluable advantages that our strong rela-
tionships with allies and partners deliver.
Following the remarkable victory of free nations in
the Cold War, America emerged as the lone super-
power with enormous advantages and momen-
tum in the world. Success, however, bred com-
placency. A belief emerged, among many, that
American power would be unchallenged and self–
sustaining. The United States began to drift. We
experienced a crisis of confidence and surren-
dered our advantages in key areas. As we took
our political, economic, and military advan-
tages for granted, other actors steadily imple-
mented their long-term plans to challenge America
and to advance agendas opposed to the United
States, our allies, and our partners.
We stood by while countries exploited the interna-
tional institutions we helped to build. Th ey subsi-
dized their industries, forced technology transfers,
and distorted markets. These and other actions
challenged America’s economic security . At home,
excessive regulations and high taxes stifl ed growth
and weakened free enterprise—history’s great-
est antidote to poverty. Each time government
encroached on the productive activities of private
commerce, it threatened not only our prosperity
but also the spirit of creation and innovation that
has been key to our national greatness.
A Competitive World
The United States will respond to the growing
political, economic, and military competitions we
face around the world.
China and Russia challenge American power, infl u-
ence, and interests, att empting to erode American
security and prosperity. They are determined to
make economies less free and less fair, to grow
their militaries, and to control information and
data to repress their societies and expand their
influence. At the same time, the dictatorships of
the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the
Islamic Republic of Iran are determined to desta-
bilize regions, threaten Americans and our allies,
and brutalize their own people. Transnational
I N T R O D U C T I O N
threat groups, from jihadist terrorists to transna-
tional criminal organizations, are actively trying
to harm Americans. While these challenges dif-
fer in nature and magnitude, they are fundamen-
tally contests between those who value human
dignity and freedom and those who oppress
individuals and enforce uniformity.
These competitions require the United States
to rethink the policies of the past two decades—poli-
cies based on the assumption that engagement with
rivals and their inclusion in international insti-
tutions and global commerce would turn them
into benign actors and trustworthy partners. For
the most part, this premise turned out to be false.
Rival actors use propaganda and other means to try
to discredit democracy. Th ey advance anti-Western
views and spread false information to create divi-
sions among ourselves, our allies, and our partners.
In addition, jihadist terrorists such as ISIS and
al-Qa’ida continue to spread a barbaric ideology
that calls for the violent destruction of governments
and innocents they consider to be apostates. Th ese
jihadist terrorists attempt to force those under
their influence to submit to Sharia law.
America’s military remains the strongest in the
world. However, U.S. advantages are shrinking
as rival states modernize and build up their con-
ventional and nuclear forces. Many actors can
now field a broad arsenal of advanced missiles,
including variants that can reach the American
homeland. Access to technology empowers and
emboldens otherwise weak states. North Korea—a
country that starves its own people—has spent
hundreds of millions of dollars on nuclear, chem-
ical, and biological weapons that could threaten
our homeland. In addition, many actors have
become skilled at operating below the thresh-
old of military conflict—challenging the United
States, our allies, and our partners with hostile
actions cloaked in deniability . Our task is to ensure
that American military superiority endures, and
in combination with other elements of national
power, is ready to protect Americans against
sophisticated challenges to national security.
The contest over information accelerates these
political, economic, and military competitions.
Data, like energy, will shape U.S. economic prosper-
ity and our future strategic position in the world.
The ability to harness the power of data is fun-
damental to the continuing growth of America’s
economy, prevailing against hostile ideologies,
and building and deploying the most effective
military in the world.
We learned the diffi cult lesson that when America
does not lead, malign actors fi ll the void to the dis-
advantage of the United States. When America
does lead, however, from a position of strength
and confi dence and in accordance with our inter-
ests and values, all benefi t.
Competition does not always mean hostility, nor
does it inevitably lead to conflict—although none
should doubt our commitment to defend our inter-
ests. An America that successfully competes is the
best way to prevent confl ict. Just as American weak-
ness invites challenge, American strength and con-
fidence deters war and promotes peace.
An America First
National Security Strategy
The competitions and rivalries facing the United
States are not passing trends or momentary prob-
lems. They are intertwined, long-term challenges
that demand our sustained national att ention and
America possesses unmatched political, eco-
nomic, military, and technological advantages.
But to maintain these advantages, build upon our
strengths, and unleash the talents of the American
people, we must protect four vital national inter-
ests in this competitive world.
First, our fundamental responsibility is to