The teaching of English as a foreign language is now, in many places, expanding into primary (elementary) school settings

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    1. What should a teacher know about children

    1. Teaching children versus teaching adults

1.3 What to do with the mistakes


    1. The Direct Method

    1. The Topic Approach

    1. Penny Ur’s activities


    1. The Communicative Approach: Shapes

    2. Three example lessons

    3. The Direct Method: How to teach the names of subjects

    4. The Topic Approach: Animals

    5. Language learning games



Every year in many parts of the world a considerable number of persons find themselves called upon to teach English to those whose mother tongue is not English. Their pupils may be children or adults; and range from those who already have some knowledge of English either in its spoken or written form to those who know not a single word of the language.

The mother tongue of those who are about to engage in such teaching is usually English, but to some of them English is a foreign language in which they may or may not be proficient. But in either case they find themselves taking on a job which is unfamiliar to them. They have rarely been specially trained to teach English as a living language and as a means of immediate communication.
If their pupils already have some knowledge of English, the teacher more often than not has recourse to a reading book, and causes his pupils to read – with or without the process of translation. Or, if a command of the spoken language is the objective, they content themselves with carrying on «conversation» with their pupils. In the latter case such teachers find themselves at a loss. The various techniques of teaching through conversation are usually unknown to them and, like the veterans who came into this field before them, they pick up the devices of oral teaching by dint of the process of trial and error.
Our researching work is written to show that there are a lot of different ways of teaching speaking to children and adults on the beginning stage. There are The Oral Direct Method, Communicative Approach, Penny Ur’s Methods, Topic Approach and others.
Also we consider our task to show how these methods work, so there are examples, which are in the practical part of the work.
Our work consists of different tips, which can help teachers to work with children and adults. Psychological peculiarities of children and adults are describing in this work.
The object of the work is teaching English speaking.
The subject of the work is researching the theme at the beginning stage.
The purpose of the researching is to study different methods of teaching English speaking at the beginning stage.
The tasks are:

  • to study what is the speaking itself;

  • to study psychological peculiarities of children and adults;

  • to examine different techniques of teaching speaking;

  • to reveal how to deal with mistakes in oral speech.

It is a well-known fact that when two persons, ignorant of each other's language, find themselves in daily contact, with the necessity of communication by speech, either will soon become able to use the language of the other with sufficient proficiency for the purpose in view. We consider that the theme of the project is the one of the main themes of teaching English speaking because it is very important to teach oral English at the very beginning of the lessons to continue studying without difficult problems.

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