Other Economic Cooperation: Other Economic Cooperation



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Other Economic Cooperation:

  • Other Economic Cooperation:

  • Trade in Goods: ASEAN PTA; Customs; Standard & Conformance

  • Industry: AICO

  • Trade in Services: AFAS

  • Investment: AIA

  • Others: IT & Telecommunication, Intellectual Property, SMEs, etc.

  • ASEAN Economic Community (AEC)

  • ASEAN External Economic Cooperation: China (ACFTA), India (AIFTA), Korea (AKFTA), Japan (AJCCEP), AANZ



Agreement on ASEAN Preferential Trading Arrangement (PTA): signed by ASEAN Ministers of Foreign Affairs on 24 February 1977 in Manila

  • Agreement on ASEAN Preferential Trading Arrangement (PTA): signed by ASEAN Ministers of Foreign Affairs on 24 February 1977 in Manila

  • Preferential tariff: MOP, as of 31 Dec 2002.

  • Local ASEAN Content: CEPT Rules of Origin. (Initially 50%)



Establishment:

    • Establishment:
    • 28 January 1992 (Singapore)
      • The 4th ASEAN Summit: the Leaders signed the Framework Agreement on Enhancing ASEAN Economic Cooperation; which contains amongst others, agreement to establish AFTA.
      • The main legal basis to implement AFTA is the Common Effective Preferential Tariff (CEPT) Agreement signed by ASEAN Economic Ministers on 28 Jan 1992.
    • 1 January 1993
      • AFTA was officially started with time frame of 10 years (initially 15 years)


To increase ASEAN’s competitiveness as a production base geared for the world market

    • To increase ASEAN’s competitiveness as a production base geared for the world market
    • To attract more foreign direct investment into ASEAN
    • To expand intra-ASEAN trade


ASEAN companies can benefit by:

    • ASEAN companies can benefit by:
      • Being able to import production inputs from other ASEAN countries at lower costs
      • Being able to export to other ASEAN countries at lower tariffs and less trade barriers
    • ASEAN consumers can benefit by:
      • Having more choice of products for consumption at lower prices


CEPT (Common Effective Preferential Tariff) Scheme is the main mechanism for AFTA 

    • CEPT (Common Effective Preferential Tariff) Scheme is the main mechanism for AFTA 
    • It covers all manufactured and agricultural products (processed or unprocessed);
    • Products must have a 40% ASEAN content to enjoy tariff preferences or CTH
    • The legal basis: CEPT Agreement


Gradual reduction of intra-ASEAN tariff rates to 0-5%:

    • Gradual reduction of intra-ASEAN tariff rates to 0-5%:
    • ASEAN-6: 2003
    • Viet Nam: 2006
    • Laos & Myanmar: 2008
    • Cambodia: 2010
    • Elimination on intra-ASEAN tariff:
        • ASEAN-6: 2010
        • CLMV: 2015
    • Granting of concessions on a reciprocal basis
    • Elimination of quantitative restrictions upon enjoyment of the concessions
    • Gradual elimination of other non-tariff barriers within a period of 5 years after the enjoyment of CEPT concessions.


Four categories of products in the CEPT Scheme:

  • Four categories of products in the CEPT Scheme:

    • Inclusion List (IL)
    • Temporary Exclusion List (TEL)
    • Sensitive List (SL)
    • General Exception List (GEL)


General Rules:

    • General Rules:
    • Regional Value Content of 40% (RVC(40))
    • to
    • Regional Value Content of 40% (RVC(40)) or Change in Tariff Headings (CTH)


Product Specific Rules (PSR)

    • Product Specific Rules (PSR)
  • Implementation: Each sub-heading (HS 6-digit) has its rules.

  • 1st step: Look at PSR List;

  • 2nd step: if not listed in the PSR, look at the ROO  RVC40 or CTH



Formula for calculating Regional Value Content of 40% (RVC(40)):

  • Formula for calculating Regional Value Content of 40% (RVC(40)):



3rd Informal Summit in November 1999 (Manila), the Leaders agreed to eliminate all import duties. Protocol to Amend the CEPT-AFTA Agreement for the Elimination of Import Duties was signed on 30 January 2003:

  • 3rd Informal Summit in November 1999 (Manila), the Leaders agreed to eliminate all import duties. Protocol to Amend the CEPT-AFTA Agreement for the Elimination of Import Duties was signed on 30 January 2003:

    • By 2010 for six original members;
    • By 2015 for the new members, but allowing some sensitive products by 2018.
    • Not applicable for products listed in Protocol on Special Arrangement for Sensitive and Highly Sensitive Products


Decision: 9th ASEAN Summit, 7-8 Oct 2003 in Bali

  • Decision: 9th ASEAN Summit, 7-8 Oct 2003 in Bali

  • The declaration of ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) by the Leaders

  • AEC: A single market and production base, with free flow of goods, services, investment and labor, and freer flow of capital. This is the realisation of the end-goal of economic integration as outlined in the ASEAN Vision 2020



10th ASEAN Summit, 29-30 November 2004 di Vientiane:

  • 10th ASEAN Summit, 29-30 November 2004 di Vientiane:

  • Towards the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), the ASEAN Leaders agreed to accelerate the integration of 11 priority sector (electronics, e-ASEAN, healthcare, wood-based products, automotives, rubber-based products, textiles and apparels, agro-based products, fisheries, air travel and tourism).

  • Import duties of these products will be fully eliminated by 2007 for ASEAN-6 and 2012 for the new members



signed by all Member States on 26 February 2009

  • signed by all Member States on 26 February 2009

  • Objective: to achieve free flow of goods in ASEAN as one of the principal means to establish a single market and production base for the deeper economic integration of the region towards the realisation of the AEC by 2015





Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Between the Association of South East Asian Nations and the People’s Republic of China

  • Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Between the Association of South East Asian Nations and the People’s Republic of China

    • Signed by the Leaders in ASEAN-China Summit, Phnom Penh, 4 November 2002
    • To strengthen and enhance economic, trade and investment co-operation


AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN GOODS

  • AGREEMENT ON TRADE IN GOODS

  • signed by Economic Ministers at the 10th ASEAN Summit, 29-30 November 2004 in Vientiane.

  • Normal Track: eliminate Import duties by 2010 (with some flexibility to 2012) for ASEAN-6;

  • Sensitive Track: reduce to 0-5% of import duties by 2018 (ASEAN-6);

  • Highly Sensitive: reduce to 50% of import duties by 2015 (ASEAN-6);

  • Longer time frame for CLMV



Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Republic of India

  • Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Between the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and the Republic of India

    • Signed in ASEAN-India Summit in Bali, 8 October 2003
    • To enhance close economic cooperation and to work towards an ASEAN-India Regional Trade and Investment Area


Framework for Comprehensive Economic Partnership between ASEAN and Japan

  • Framework for Comprehensive Economic Partnership between ASEAN and Japan

  • Signed by the Leaders in ASEAN-Japan Summit in Bali, 8 October 2003



Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Among the Governments of ASEAN and Korea, signed by the Leaders in ASEAN-Korea Summit in Kuala Lumpur, 13 December 2005

  • Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Among the Governments of ASEAN and Korea, signed by the Leaders in ASEAN-Korea Summit in Kuala Lumpur, 13 December 2005

  • Agreement on Trade in Goods (TIG), signed in August 2006. The implementation is after the ratification by at least one ASEAN Member and Korea.





  • ASEAN website:

  • www.aseansec.org






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