Section 1: Minerals and Mineral Resources E. Q.: What are minerals and how do people use them?



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D

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d7/rough_diamond.jpg/220px-rough_diamond.jpg

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The slightly misshapen octahedral shape of this rough diamond crystal in matrix is typical of the mineral.



  • Dioptase

  • Djurleite

  • Dollaseite-(Ce)

  • Dolomite

  • Domeykite

  • Dumortierite

Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Delessite (magnesian chamosite)

  • Diatomite (diatomaceous earth)

E

  • Edingtonite

  • Ekanite

  • Elbaite

  • Elsmoreite

  • Emery (mineral)

  • Empressite

  • Enargite

  • Enstatite

  • Eosphorite

  • Epidote




  • Epsomite

  • Erythrite

  • Esperite

  • Ettringite

  • Euchroite

  • Euclase

  • Eucryptite

  • Eudialyte

  • Euxenite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Emerald (green gem variety of beryl)

F

  • Fabianite

  • Fayalite (olivine group)

  • Feldspar (mineral group)

  • Feldspathoid (mineral group)

  • Ferberite

  • Fergusonite

  • Feroxyhyte

  • Ferrierite (subgroup of zeolite minerals)

  • Ferrihydrite

  • Ferro-anthophyllite

  • Ferrocolumbite

  • Ferrohortonolite (olivine group)

  • Ferropericlase

  • Ferrotantalite

  • Fergusonite (mineral group)




  • Fichtelite

  • Fluorapatite (apatite group)

  • Fluorcaphite

  • Fluorichterite (amphibole group)

  • Fluorite

  • Fluorspar (synonym of fluorite)

  • Fornacite

  • Forsterite (olivine group)

  • Fougerite (layered double hydroxide)

  • Franckeite

  • Frankhawthorneite

  • Franklinite (spinel group)

  • Freibergite

  • Freieslebenite

  • Fukuchilite



Varieties that are not valid species:

G

  • Gadolinite (mineral group)

  • Gahnite

  • Galaxite

  • Galena

  • Garnet (mineral group)

  • Garnierite

  • Gaylussite

  • Gehlenite

  • Geigerite

  • Geocronite

  • Germanite

  • Gersdorffite

  • Gibbsite

  • Gismondine

  • Glauberite

  • Glaucochroite

  • Glaucodot




  • Glauconite

  • Glaucophane

  • Gmelinite

  • Goethite

  • Gold

  • Goslarite

  • Graftonite

  • Graphite

  • Greenockite

  • Greigite

  • Grossular

  • Grunerite

  • Guanine

  • Gummite

  • Gunningite

  • Gypsum



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Gedanite (fossilized resin)

  • Glessite (natural resin)

H

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4e/hanksite.jpg/220px-hanksite.jpg

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Hanksite, from Searles Lake.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/87/h%c3%a9matite_rose_de_fer.jpg/220px-h%c3%a9matite_rose_de_fer.jpg

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Hematite

  • Haggertyite

  • Haidingerite

  • Halite

  • Halloysite

  • Halotrichite

  • Hanksite

  • Hapkeite

  • Hardystonite

  • Harmotome

  • Hauerite

  • Hausmannite

  • Hauyne

  • Hawleyite

  • Haxonite

  • Hazenite

  • Heazlewoodite

  • Hectorite

  • Hedenbergite

  • Hellyerite

  • Hematite

  • Hemimorphite

  • Herbertsmithite




  • Herderite

  • Hessite

  • Hessonite

  • Heulandite

  • Hibonite

  • Hilgardite

  • Hisingerite

  • Holmquistite

  • Homilite

  • Hopeite

  • Hornblende

  • Howlite

  • Hübnerite

  • Humite

  • Hutchinsonite

  • Hyalophane

  • Hydrogrossular

  • Hydromagnesite

  • Hydroxylapatite

  • Hydrozincite

  • Hypersthene



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Heliodor (greenish-yellow variety of beryl)

  • Heliotrope (variety of chalcedony)

  • Hiddenite (variety of spodumene)

  • Hyalite (variety of opal)

I

  • Ice

  • Idocrase (synonym of vesuvianite)

  • Idrialite

  • Ikaite

  • Illite




  • Ilmenite

  • Ilvaite

  • Iodargyrite



J

  • Jacobsite

  • Jadarite

  • Jadeite

  • Jamesonite

  • Jarosewichite




  • Jarosite

  • Jennite

  • Jeffersonite

  • Jerrygibbsite

  • Juonniite

  • Jurbanite



Varieties that are not valid species:

K

  • Kaatialaite

  • Kadyrelite

  • Kainite

  • Kalininite

  • Kalinite

  • Kalsilite

  • Kamacite

  • Kambaldaite

  • Kankite

  • Kaolinite

  • Kassite

  • Keilite

  • Kermesite

  • Kernite




  • Kerolite

  • Kieserite

  • Kinoite

  • Knebelite

  • Knorringite

  • Kobellite

  • Kogarkoite

  • Kolbeckite

  • Kornerupine

  • Kratochvilite

  • Kremersite

  • Krennerite

  • Kukharenkoite-(Ce)

  • Kutnohorite

  • Kyanite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Keilhauite (variety of titanite)

  • Krantzite (natural resin)

  • Kunzite (variety of spodumene)

L

  • Labradorite

  • Lanarkite

  • Langbeinite

  • Lansfordite

  • Lanthanite

  • Laumontite

  • Laurite

  • Lawsonite

  • Lazulite

  • Lazurite

  • Lead

  • Leadhillite

  • Legrandite

  • Lepidocrocite

  • Lepidolite

  • Leucite

  • Leucophanite




  • Levyne

  • Libethenite

  • Linarite

  • Liroconite

  • Litharge

  • Lithiophilite

  • Livingstonite

  • Lizardite

  • Löllingite

  • Lonsdaleite

  • Loparite-(Ce)

  • Lopezite

  • Lorandite

  • Lorenzenite

  • Ludwigite

  • Lyonsite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Lapis lazuli (a rock consisting primarily of lazurite, calcite and pyrite)

  • Larimar (blue variety of pectolite)

  • Lechatelierite (fused quartz glass)

  • Lignite (a type of coal)

  • Limonite -(a mineraloid )

  • Lodestone (a synonym of magnetite)

  • Lublinite variety of calcite

M

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/malachite_kolwezi_katanga_congo.jpg/220px-malachite_kolwezi_katanga_congo.jpg

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A polished slice of Malachite



http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2b/muscovite2.jpg/220px-muscovite2.jpg

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Muscovite



  • Mackinawite

  • Maghemite

  • Magnesite

  • Magnesioferrite

  • Magnetite

  • Majorite

  • Malachite

  • Malacolite

  • Magnesioferrite

  • Manganite

  • Manganocolumbite

  • Manganotantalite

  • Marcasite

  • Margaritasite

  • Margarite

  • Mascagnite

  • Massicot

  • Matlockite

  • McKelveyite

  • Meionite

  • Melaconite

  • Melanite

  • Melilite

  • Melonite

  • Mendozite

  • Meneghinite

  • Mercury

  • Mesolite




  • Metacinnabarite

  • Metatorbernite

  • Miargyrite

  • Mica (a group of silicate minerals)

  • Microcline

  • Microlite

  • Millerite

  • Mimetite

  • Minium

  • Mirabilite

  • Mixite

  • Moganite

  • Mohite

  • Moissanite

  • Molybdenite

  • Monazite

  • Monohydrocalcite

  • Monticellite

  • Montmorillonite (clay mineral)

  • Moolooite

  • Mordenite

  • Mottramite

  • Mullite

  • Murdochite

  • Muscovite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Magnesia

  • Mariposite (variety of phengite/muscovite)

  • Menilite (variety of opal)

  • Meerschaum (variety of sepiolite)

  • Milky quartz (a cloudy white quartz)

  • Morganite (a pink beryl)

N

  • Nabesite

  • Nacrite

  • Nagyagite

  • Nahcolite

  • Native copper

  • Natrolite

  • Natron

  • Natrophilite

  • Nekrasovite

  • Nelenite

  • Nenadkevichite

  • Nepheline

  • Nephrite

  • Neptunite




  • Nickel

  • Nickeline

  • Niedermayrite

  • Niningerite

  • Niobite (synonym of columbite)

  • Niobite-tantalite (synonym of columbite-tantalite)

  • Nissonite

  • Nitratine

  • Nitre

  • Nontronite

  • Nosean

  • Nsutite

  • Nyerereite



O

  • Oligoclase

  • Olivine (a group of silicate minerals)

  • Olivenite

  • Omphacite

  • Ordonezite

  • Oregonite

  • Orpiment

  • Orthochrysotile




  • Orthoclase

  • Osarizawaite

  • Osmium

  • Osumilite

  • Otavite

  • Ottrelite

  • Overite



http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3c/opalemexique.jpg/220px-opalemexique.jpg

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Opal

Varieties that are not valid species:



  • Onyx (a monochromatic banded variety of chalcedony)

  • Opal

P

  • Painite

  • Palladium

  • Palygorskite

  • Papagoite

  • Parachrysotile

  • Paragonite

  • Pararealgar

  • Parisite

  • Partheite

  • Pectolite

  • Pelagosite

  • Pentlandite

  • Periclase

  • Perovskite

  • Petalite

  • Petzite

  • Pezzottaite

  • Pharmacosiderite

  • Phenakite

  • Phillipsite

  • Phlogopite

  • Phoenicochroite

  • Phosgenite

  • Phosphophyllite

  • Pigeonite




  • Plagioclase Na-Ca feldspar

  • Platinum

  • Polarite

  • Pollucite

  • Polybasite

  • Potassium alum

  • Polycrase

  • Polydymite

  • Polyhalite

  • Powellite

  • Prehnite

  • Proustite

  • Psilomelane

  • Purpurite

  • Pumpellyite

  • Pyrargyrite

  • Pyrite

  • Pyrochlore

  • Pyrolusite

  • Pyromorphite

  • Pyrope

  • Pyrophyllite

  • Pyroxene (group of silicate minerals)

  • Pyroxferroite

  • Pyrrhotite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Palagonite (basaltic volcanic glass)

  • Perlite (volcanic glass)

  • Phosphorite (name given to impure, massive apatite.)

  • Plessite (mixture of kamacite and taenite)

  • Pitchblende (a massive impure form of uraninite)

  • Pumicite (synonym of pumice)

Q

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4a/quartz_oisan.jpg/220px-quartz_oisan.jpg

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Quartz

  • Quartz

  • Quenstedtite

R

  • Rambergite

  • Rammelsbergite

  • Raspite

  • Realgar

  • Renierite

  • Rheniite

  • Rhodium

  • Rhodochrosite

  • Rhodonite

  • Rhomboclase

  • Rickardite




  • Riebeckite

  • Romanèchite

  • Robertsite

  • Rosasite

  • Roscoelite

  • Rosenbergite

  • Routhierite

  • Ruthenium

  • Rutherfordine

  • Rutile

  • Rynersonite



Varieties that are not valid species:

  • Rock crystal (quartz)

  • Rose quartz

  • Roumanite (amber)

  • Ruby (red gem corundum)
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