Тhемe: Development stages of dental-jaw system: embryonic, postnatal. Anatomic-physiological peculiarities of oral cavity and temporal-mandibular joint of newborn. Faculty – dental, course – 3, semester – 6, hours – 2



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METHODICAL ELABORATION


of practical lesson 14-15 for students

Orthodontics. Diagnostics of dentognathic anomalies and deformations”



based on the credit-module educational system

Contents module №2

Methods of examining patients with dentognathic anomalies and deformations.
THEME: Roentgenologic methods of investigation.

Faculty – dentistry, year – 3, semester – 6, amount of hours – 4.
I. ACTUALITY OF THE THEME: It is very important to know the structure of the facial skull in the case of physiological and pathological types of occlusion. These knowledges are necessary for diagnosis clarification, defining the plan and prognosis of treatment, studying changes that take place in the process of child’s grows under the influence of medical procedures.

II. EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE OF THE LESSON:

  1. To become proficient in photometric methods of investigation;

  2. To know how to interpret the X-ray images.

III. TO KNOW:

- morphological structure of dentognathic system;

- main methods of X-ray examination.



IV. TO BE ABLE TO:

- define the bone parts of dentognathic system;

- read the X-ray image;

- interpret the results of X-ray [roentgen] examination.



V. TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT OUT-OF-CLASS WORK:

To get ready for the next lesson on the topic: “Teleroentgenography (frontal and lateral)”



VI. CONTROL QUESTIONS:

  1. How to make the spot-film intraoral radiography?

  2. Methods of spot-film intraoral radiography assessment?

  3. How to make the axial intraoral radiography?

  4. Methods of axial intraoral radiography assessment?

  5. How to make the radiography of the median palatine suture?

  6. How to estimate the radiography of the median palatine suture?

  7. How to make the orthopantomography?

  8. Methods of orthopantomography assessment?

  9. How to make the tomography?

  10. Methods of tomography assessment?

  11. How to make the TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) tomography?

  12. Methods of TMJ tomography assessment?

  13. How to make the roentgenogram of hand?

  14. How to estimate the roentgenogram of hand?

VII. INDEPENDENT AUDIENCE STUDENT WORK: In the X-ray office students must learn the roentgenological methods of investigation and interpret the X-ray images.

VIII. QUESTIONS FOR SELF-CONTROL:

  1. How to make the spot-film intraoral radiography?

  2. How to estimate the axial intraoral radiography?

  3. How to estimate the radiography of the median palatine suture?

  4. How to make the orthopantomography?

  5. How to estimate the orthopantomography?

  6. How to make the tomography?

  7. How to estimate the tomography?

  8. How to estimate the TMJ tomography?

  9. How to estimate the roentgenogram of hand?


VIIІ. LITERATURE:

Educational: a) basic

b) additional

Methodical recommendations complited by: assist. Petruniv V.B.

Methodical recommendations translated by: assist. Mudryk N.P.

The methodic recommendations have been discussed and ratified at the meeting of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Protocol №___ from “____” ____________ 20___

Head of Department: M.D., prof. Melnychuk G.M.


METHODICAL ELABORATION

of practical lesson 16-17 for students

Orthodontics. Diagnostics of dentognathic anomalies and deformations”

based on the credit-module educational system

Contents module №2

Methods of examining patients with dentognathic anomalies and deformations.
THEME: Teleroentgenography (frontal and lateral).

Faculty – dentistry, year – 3, semester – 6, amount of hours – 4.
I. ACTUALITY OF THE THEME: It is very important to know the structure of the facial skull in the case of physiological and pathological types of occlusion. These knowledges are necessary for diagnosis clarification, defining the plan and prognosis of treatment, studying changes that take place in the process of child’s grows under the influence of medical procedures. Teleroentgenogram in lateral projection helps to detect the peculiarities of the growth and the development of the face and facial skeleton.

II. EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE OF THE LESSON:


  1. Be able to interpret the teleroentgenogram;

  2. Be able to define the child’s bone and dental age.

III. TO KNOW:

- morphological structure of dentognathic system;

- main methods of X-ray examination.



IV. TO BE ABLE TO:

- define the bone parts of dentognathic system;

- read the X-ray image;

- interpret the results of X-ray [roentgen] examination.



V. TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT OUT-OF-CLASS WORK:

  1. To get ready for the next lesson on the topic: “Classification of dentognathic anomalies and deformations”.

  2. Write down in the copy book the Angle’s and Kalvelis’ classification.

VI. CONTROL QUESTIONS:

  1. How is radiation exposure measured?

  2. How to make the teleroentgenography?

  3. The role of teleroentgenography in the patient’s treatment.

  4. The role of teleroentgenography in prognosis of treatment.

  5. The main craniometric investigations.

  6. The main gnathometric investigations.

  7. The main profilometric investigations.

  8. Schwarz’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  9. Downs’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  10. Ricketts’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  11. How to define the child’s bone age?

  12. Methods of child’s bone age assessment. Its role in the patient’s treatment.

  13. How to define the child’s dental age?

  14. Methods of child’s dental age assessment. Its role in the patient’s treatment.

VII. INDEPENDENT AUDIENCE STUDENT WORK: In the X-ray office students must learn the roentgenological methods of investigation and interpret the X-ray images.

VIII. QUESTIONS FOR SELF-CONTROL:

  1. How to make the teleroentgenography?

  2. The role of teleroentgenography in the patient’s treatment.

  3. The role of teleroentgenography in prognosis of treatment.

  4. Schwarz’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  5. Downs’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  6. Ricketts’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  7. How to define the child’s bone age?

  8. Methods of child’s bone age assessment. Its role in the patient’s treatment.

  9. How to define the child’s dental age?

  10. Methods of child’s dental age assessment. Its role in the patient’s treatment.

VIIІ. LITERATURE:

Educational: a) basic

b) additional

Methodical recommendations complited by: assist. Petruniv V.B.

Methodical recommendations translated by: assist. Mudryk N.P.

The methodic recommendations have been discussed and ratified at the meeting of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Protocol №___ from “____” ____________ 20___

Head of Department: M.D., prof. Melnychuk G.M.

METHODICAL ELABORATION

of practical lesson 18-19 for students

Orthodontics. Diagnostics of dentognathic anomalies and deformations”

based on the credit-module educational system

Contents module №2

Methods of examining patients with dentognathic anomalies and deformations.
THEME: Classification of dentognathic anomalies and deformations.

Faculty – dentistry, year – 3, semester – 6, amount of hours – 4.

I. ACTUALITY OF THE THEME: If doctor makes the correct final diagnosis, it will help him to choose the appropriate method of treatment and to prevent the relapse of the disease.

II. EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE OF THE LESSON:


  1. To learn the advantages and drawbacks of dentognathic anomalies and deformations classifications.

  2. To know how to make a final diagnosis correctly.

III. TO KNOW:

- method of patient’s examination;

- anatomical structure of the oral cavity;

- physiological and functional features of the oral cavity;

- classification of dentognathic anomalies and deformities.

IV. TO BE ABLE TO:

- make the patient’s examination;

- recognize the different group of teeth;

- recognize the organs of oral cavity;

- estimate the functions of oral cavity;

- make the orthodontic examination;

- make the final orthodontic diagnosis.

V. TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT OUT-OF-CLASS WORK:

To get ready for the next lesson on the topic: “Orthodontic appliances classification”.



VI. CONTROL QUESTIONS:

  1. Development of human’s dentognathic apparatus in age aspect.

  2. Periods of occlusion height formation.

  3. Embryogenesis of the oral cavity.

  4. Anatomic-physiological features of newborn’s oral cavity.

  5. Terms of temporary teeth eruption.

  6. Morphological and functional features of temporary teeth.

  7. Terms of permanent teeth eruption.

  8. Morpho-functional characteristic of orthognathic occlusion.

  9. Characteristic of physiological occlusion.

  10. Characteristic of pathological occlusion.

  11. Angle’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  12. Katz’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  13. Kaivelis’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  14. Kalamkarov’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  15. Ilyina-Markosian’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  16. WHO classification of dentognathic anomalies.

VII. INDEPENDENT AUDIENCE STUDENT WORK:

Student must by oneself (but under supervision of the teacher) examine the patient, make dental control and diagnostic models. They must make the anthropometric diagnostics of the models, differential diagnostic and suggest the final diagnosis.



VIII. QUESTIONS FOR SELF-CONTROL:

  1. Development of human’s dentognathic apparatus in age aspect.

  2. Periods of occlusion height formation.

  3. Embryogenesis of the oral cavity.

  4. Anatomic-physiological features of newborn’s oral cavity.

  5. Terms of temporary teeth eruption.

  6. Morphological and functional features of temporary teeth.

  7. Terms of permanent teeth eruption.

  8. Morpho-functional characteristic of orthognathic occlusion.

  9. Characteristic of physiological occlusion.

  10. Characteristic of pathological occlusion.

  11. Angle’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  12. Katz’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  13. Kaivelis’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  14. Kalamkarov’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  15. Ilyina-Markosian’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  16. WHO classification of dentognathic anomalies.


VIIІ. LITERATURE:

Educational: a) basic

b) additional
Methodical recommendations complited by: assist. Petruniv V.B.

Methodical recommendations translated by: assist. Mudryk N.P.

The methodic recommendations have been discussed and ratified at the meeting of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Protocol №___ from “____” ____________ 20___
Head of Department: M.D., prof. Melnychuk G.M.
METHODICAL ELABORATION

of practical lesson 20 for students

Orthodontics. Diagnostics of dentognathic anomalies and deformations”

based on the credit-module educational system

Contents module №2

Methods of examining patients with dentognathic anomalies and deformations.
THEME: Control of content module №2

Faculty – dentistry, year – 3, semester – 6, amount of hours – 2.
I. ACTUALITY OF THE THEME: If doctor makes the correct final diagnosis, it will help him to choose the appropriate method of treatment and to prevent the relapse of the disease.

II. EDUCATIONAL PURPOSE OF THE LESSON:


  1. To learn the advantages and drawbacks of dentognathic anomalies and deformations classifications.

  2. To know how to make a final diagnosis correctly.

III. TO KNOW:

- method of patient’s examination;

- anatomical structure of the oral cavity;

- physiological and functional features of the oral cavity;

- classification of dentognathic anomalies and deformities.

IV. TO BE ABLE TO:

- make the patient’s examination;

- recognize the different group of teeth;

- recognize the organs of oral cavity;

- estimate the functions of oral cavity;

- make the orthodontic examination;

- make the final orthodontic diagnosis.

V. TASKS FOR INDEPENDENT OUT-OF-CLASS WORK:

To get ready for the next lesson on the topic: “Orthodontic appliances classification”.



VI. CONTROL QUESTIONS:

  1. Methods of orthodontic patient’s examination.

  2. Methods of subjective examination:

    1. patient’s complaints;

    2. mother’s health during pregnancy;

    3. how the labor passed;

    4. availability of hereditary diseases in child.

  3. Making the genealogy.

  4. Character of baby’s feeding.

  5. Evaluation of teeth eruption.

  6. The presence of bad habits.

  7. Methods of objective examination.

  8. Study of face configuration.

  9. Characteristics of mastication.

  10. Detection of mandible movements.

  11. Clinical tests by Ilyina-Markosian.

  12. Clinical tests by Eschler- Bittner.

  13. Detection of speech function abnormalities.

  14. Clinical examination of oral soft tissues and oral mucosa.

  15. Evaluation of teeth condition.

  16. Study the occlusion relation of jaws.

  17. The components of provisional diagnosis.

  18. How to complete the outpatient’s card?

  19. The antropometric methods of diagnostic models examination.

  20. Methods of teeth measuring.

  21. Pont’s index:

    1. points for Pont’s index detection on upper premolars;

    2. points for Pont’s index detection on upper molars;

    3. points for Pont’s index detection on lower premolars;

    4. points for Pont’s index detection on lower molars;

    5. formula for premolars index determination;

    6. formula for molars index determination;

    7. results interpretation.

  22. Korkhaus’ index:

    1. assessment method;

    2. results interpretation.

  23. Tonn’s index.

  24. Malygina’s index.

  25. Dolgopolova’s index.

  26. Method of apical basis measuring by Snagina’stechnique.

  27. Methods of phonography.

  28. Method of direct palatography.

  29. Method of indirect palatography.

  30. Methods of investigating the swallowing function.

  31. Infantile type of swallowing.

  32. Somatic type of swallowing.

  33. “Thimble” symptom.

  34. Suction of the lips and cheeks.

  35. Study of position and condition of the tongue.

  36. The clinical functional Frankel’s test.

  37. Lingvodynamometry.

  38. Methods of investigating the respiratory function.

  39. Stange’s test.

  40. Gench’s test.

  41. Spirometry.

  42. Spirography.

  43. Static methods of investigating the masticatory function;

  44. Functional methods of investigating the masticatory function;

  45. Registration of the lower jaw movements;

  46. Gnathodynamometry;

  47. Electromyography;

  48. Myoarthrography;

  49. Arthrophonography;

  50. Myotonometry;

  51. What is “mastication force”?

  52. What is “mastication efficiency”?

  53. What is “mastication pressure”?

  54. What is “mastication strength”?

  55. What is task and purpose of Photometry?

  56. What parameters are detected in a photograph to characterize the dimensions of the patient’s head and face?

  57. How to measure the face height in the patient’s photograph?

  58. The index of facial morphology (IFM).

  59. How to make the orthopantomography?

  60. Methods of orthopantomography assessment?

  61. How to make the tomography?

  62. How to make the TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) tomography?

  63. Schwarz’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  64. Downs’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  65. Morpho-functional characteristic of orthognathic occlusion.

  66. Characteristic of physiological occlusion.

  67. Characteristic of pathological occlusion.

  68. Angle’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  69. Katz’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  70. Kaivelis’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  71. Kalamkarov’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  72. Ilyina-Markosian’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  73. WHO classification of dentognathic anomalies.


VII. INDEPENDENT AUDIENCE STUDENT WORK:

Student must by oneself (but under supervision of the teacher) examine the patient, make dental control and diagnostic models. They must make the anthropometric diagnostics of the models, differential diagnostic and suggest the final diagnosis.



VIII. QUESTIONS FOR SELF-CONTROL:

  1. Methods of orthodontic patient’s examination.

  2. Methods of subjective examination:

    1. patient’s complaints;

    2. mother’s health during pregnancy;

    3. how the labor passed;

    4. availability of hereditary diseases in child.

  3. Making the genealogy.

  4. Character of baby’s feeding.

  5. Evaluation of teeth eruption.

  6. The presence of bad habits.

  7. Methods of objective examination.

  8. Study of face configuration.

  9. Characteristics of mastication.

  10. Detection of mandible movements.

  11. Clinical tests by Ilyina-Markosian.

  12. Clinical tests by Eschler- Bittner.

  13. Detection of speech function abnormalities.

  14. Clinical examination of oral soft tissues and oral mucosa.

  15. Evaluation of teeth condition.

  16. Study the occlusion relation of jaws.

  17. The components of provisional diagnosis.

  18. How to complete the outpatient’s card?

  19. The antropometric methods of diagnostic models examination.

  20. Methods of teeth measuring.

  21. Pont’s index:

    1. points for Pont’s index detection on upper premolars;

    2. points for Pont’s index detection on upper molars;

    3. points for Pont’s index detection on lower premolars;

    4. points for Pont’s index detection on lower molars;

    5. formula for premolars index determination;

    6. formula for molars index determination;

    7. results interpretation.

  22. Korkhaus’ index:

    1. assessment method;

    2. results interpretation.

  23. Tonn’s index.

  24. Malygina’s index.

  25. Dolgopolova’s index.

  26. Method of apical basis measuring by Snagina’stechnique.

  27. Methods of phonography.

  28. Method of direct palatography.

  29. Method of indirect palatography.

  30. Methods of investigating the swallowing function.

  31. Infantile type of swallowing.

  32. Somatic type of swallowing.

  33. “Thimble” symptom.

  34. Suction of the lips and cheeks.

  35. Study of position and condition of the tongue.

  36. The clinical functional Frankel’s test.

  37. Lingvodynamometry.

  38. Methods of investigating the respiratory function.

  39. Stange’s test.

  40. Gench’s test.

  41. Spirometry.

  42. Spirography.

  43. Static methods of investigating the masticatory function;

  44. Functional methods of investigating the masticatory function;

  45. Registration of the lower jaw movements;

  46. Gnathodynamometry;

  47. Electromyography;

  48. Myoarthrography;

  49. Arthrophonography;

  50. Myotonometry;

  51. What is “mastication force”?

  52. What is “mastication efficiency”?

  53. What is “mastication pressure”?

  54. What is “mastication strength”?

  55. What is task and purpose of Photometry?

  56. What parameters are detected in a photograph to characterize the dimensions of the patient’s head and face?

  57. How to measure the face height in the patient’s photograph?

  58. The index of facial morphology (IFM).

  59. How to make the orthopantomography?

  60. Methods of orthopantomography assessment?

  61. How to make the tomography?

  62. How to make the TMJ (temporo-mandibular joint) tomography?

  63. Schwarz’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  64. Downs’ analysis of teleroentgenograms.

  65. Morpho-functional characteristic of orthognathic occlusion.

  66. Characteristic of physiological occlusion.

  67. Characteristic of pathological occlusion.

  68. Angle’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  69. Katz’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  70. Kaivelis’ classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  71. Kalamkarov’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  72. Ilyina-Markosian’s classification of dentognathic anomalies.

  73. WHO classification of dentognathic anomalies.


VIIІ. LITERATURE:

Educational: a) basic

b) additional
Methodical recommendations complited by: assist. Petruniv V.B.

Methodical recommendations translated by: assist. Mudryk N.P.

The methodic recommendations have been discussed and ratified at the meeting of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry

Protocol №___ from “____” ____________ 20___

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