Basketball is a team sports game with a basketball ball. The game is played by two teams of five each. The goal is to manually throw the ball in the basket of over 3



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Basketball

Basketball is a team sports game with a basketball ball. The game is played by two teams of five each. The goal is to manually throw the ball in the basket of over 3.05 meters above the opposing team's field and prevent the opposing team from making the same move. It is a popular sport around the world. First played by James Naismith in 1891. James Naismith Basketball is thought to have come from the Mayas tribe's Tlahiotenie game.

Basketball was created in 1891 by James Naismith, a physical education teacher at the Springfield Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) School in Massachusetts. The purpose of this game, which was designed to train athletes and baseball players during the winter, was to put balls in wooden baskets. In the first game, 7 were played over three 20-minute rounds between two teams. The real purpose of the game is to create baskets, Dr. Naismit has been named basketball 'basket ball' by this game.

Basketball spread over the YMCA shortly after its inception to all schools, universities and even gym. The desire for youth to wake up to this sport forced the basketball departments to open a team and become basketball, America's most popular national game.

The development of basketball has had an impact on the rules, accessories, equipment and basketball player's clothing. In 1983, the ball was made with an iron ring for the first time. In 1984, the size of the ball increased to 30-32 inches (76.2-81.3 cm). In 1895, 15-foot-long free shots were adopted. Shortly after its inception, basketball became popular in the United States. Then they start playing this game in other countries. 1891-1918 is considered to be the first stage of basketball development - at this stage basketball is developing as a new game. Basketball, designed to revive gymnastics lessons, has since become a sporting feature. The establishment of National Basketball Federations influenced its future development. 1919-1931 is characterized as the second stage of basketball development. In 1932 the International Basketball Federation - BBF was established. The federation included Argentina, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, Sweden and Czechoslovakia (8 countries). In 1935, the first European championship was held in Geneva. The Pribaltics basketball players ranked high in this championship. The first European champion was the Latvian team. The first European women's championship was held in 1938. In 1935, basketball was included in the Olympic Games. In 1936, basketball players from 21 countries participated in the XI Olympiad (Berlin-Germany). This was the first BBF congress. Congress adopted a uniform rule for basketball. 1948-1956 is the third stage of basketball development. BBF - has been at the forefront of other international sports teams. International competitions and championships are held under the auspices of BBF. Already in 1948 there were 50 countries in the International Basketball Federation. In 1950, Argentina hosted the men's world championship for the first time, and Argentineans won. Three years later, Chile hosted the world championship for women's teams. US athletes won the title of world champion. Then the championships were held every four years. Basketball competitions for championships and trophies are organized every year under the direction of BBF. According to the decision of the IOC, women's teams were included in the 21st Olympics in 1976 (Montreal-Canada). Basketball has now become the most developed and beloved game in the world. The International Federation currently unites the National Federation of 167 countries. In 1984, for the first time in the United States, official rules of play were published, and on this basis, competitions began. With the spread of the game, his technique and tactics were also formed. Techniques such as catching, transferring, carrying and throwing the ball came into play. But the technique was lacking in dynamicness - all transmissions and throws were made with both hands in one place. The tactic defined the function of the team members and their distribution to defenders and strikers. Basically, basketball began to spread throughout Europe and South America.

The history of the development of basketball in Azerbaijan, like any other sport, has taken its first steps on the initiative of workers and employees at foreign oil companies who came to work in Baku before 1920. On the other hand, the development of these sports, which seems strange to the local population, has attracted the interest of local people as a factor proving the cultural and spiritual richness of these countries. Basketball, like other sports, has begun to take its first steps in Azerbaijan since the 1920s.




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