Florence Nightingale Nurse or mathematician?



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Florence Nightingale

  • Nurse or mathematician?


Florence Nightingale



Life History

  • a) Born on May 12, 1820, Florence, Italy

  • b) Raised in Derbyshire, England

  • c) Felt called by God to serve Him on February 7, 1837

  • d) Never married; marriage would destroy the chance of her serving God's call

  • e) Died in London on August 13, 1910



Education

  • Home schooled by her father.

  • Trained in nursing at the Institute of Saint Vincent de Paul in Alexandria, Egypt.

  • Studied at the Institute for Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth, Germany.



Honors

  • a) Became first woman to receive the British Order of Merit b) Crimean Monument in Waterloo Place, London was erected in her honor

  • c) King Edward VII bestows the Order of Merit; it is the first time that the Order is given to a woman d) Became a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society

  • e) Honorary member of the American Statistical Association



QUOTES of Florence Nightingale

  • “To be a good nurse one must be a good woman, or one is truly nothing but a tinkling bell”

  • “….Till a married woman can be a possession of her own property there can be no love or justice.”

  • “You can arrest in some degree the course of the knave, but with the fool you don’t know where you will find him next.”

  • “There is no part of my life, upon which I can look back without pain.”

  • “Moses was the greater man; for whereas Plato only formed a school, which formed the world, Moses went straight to work upon the world.”



Nursing Contributions

  • Appointed resident lady superintendent of An Establishment for Gentlewomen During Illness

  • In 1854 assembled party of 38 nurses to serve in Crimean War

  • Founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses at Saint Thomas’ Hospital in London

  • Wrote Notes on Nursing, the first textbook for nurses



Mathematical Contribution

  • Developed a Model Hospital Statistical Form for hospitals to collect and generate consistent data and statistics

  • Published statistical graph in 1859 which showed the losses of the British army in the Crimean war

  • Used data to persuade the Government to improve army hygiene

  • Created spectacular graphics designed to show how improvements in hygiene could save many lives

  • First to create a line chart which showed death rates of soldiers in peacetime

  • Credited with inventing the pie chart



SOURCES CITED

  • http://www.scottlan.edu, March 20, 1999 http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk, March 20, 1999

  • http://www.dnai.com, March 20, 1999

  • http://www.florence-nightingale.co.uk, March 20, 1999

  • http://www.geocities.com, March 21, 1999

  • http://encarta.msn.com, March 21, 1999




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