Bukhara state university faculty of history



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parmonov aslbek


BUKHARA STATE UNIVERSITY
FACULTY OF HISTORY
STUDENT OF 5-10 ENGLISH GROUP PARMONOV ASLBEK
THE ROLE OF ARCHEOLOGICAL SOURCES IN THE STUDY OUR COUNTRY’S HISTORY ON LOCAL HISTORY”


COURSE WORK
2022 Bukhara

Contents

INTRODUCTION
Brief information about local history and its connection with archeology
MAIN PART
1)Description of the concept of archeology
1.1 What is archeology
1.2 Formation of science of archeology
1.3 The emergence and development of archeological knowledge in our country during Russian Empire
2) Archeological monuments of Uzbekistan
2.1 Archeological monuments in Zarafshan oasis
2.2 Archeological monuments in Surkhandaya oasis
2.3 Archeological monuments in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan
2.4 Archeological monuments in Tashkent
2.5 Archeological monuments in Fergana Valley
CONCLUSION

“THE ROLE OF ARCHEOLOGICAL SOURCES IN THE STUDY OUR COUNTRY’S HISTORY ON LOCAL HISTORY”



INTRODUCTION
Brief information about local history and its connection with archeology
MAIN PART
1)Description of the concept of archeology
1.1 What is archeology
1.2 Formation of science of archeology
1.3 The emergence and development of archeological knowledge in our country during Russian Empire
2) Archeological monuments of Uzbekistan
2.1 Archeological monuments in Zarafshan oasis
2.2 Archeological monuments in Surkhandaya oasis
2.3 Archeological monuments in Khorezm and Karakalpakstan
2.4 Archeological monuments in Tashkent
2.5 Archeological monuments in Fergana Valley
CONSLUCSION


INTRODUCTION. Brief information about local history and its connection with archeology
There are five main sources of local lore: archeology, etnography, toponimy, and archival documents relies on museum materials.1i For several hundred thousand years the peoples of the world has an ongoing history. But this is a long history developing from the last 5-6 thousand years were originally written works, before that in the peoples writing and no written history.ii.The need to study the history of the past several hundred thousand years, as well as the life of the post-written period, requires an examination of the remains of the peoples of that period. Archeology is a science that examines such monuments and forms an important branch of history. Archeology preserves history by excavating sites inhabited by primitive people from towns, villages, and tombs left over from class society. Archeologists work with the method of excavation. Despite the fact that the science of archeology is still younger than other sciences, it is a science that has gained a lot of attention and interest in the world2iii
One of the great achievments of historiography is marked by a great deal of attention to archeology. Once regocnized the history of society is the development of the productive forces and on this basis a variety of production relations in science, the issue of periodicity was placed on the agenda. In history, the whole history of mankind is as follows studied in periods: 1) the period of the primitive community system 2) slavery period 3) the period of feudalism 4) the era of capitalism. According to modern science, the history of individual society is approaching one million years. That’s long only in the last millennia of the period has class society, that is, a society of slavery was formed, to it the periods that elapsed until the primitive community period, i.e. the class covers the period until it appears. Until the development of history in Uzbekistan ,firstly, the history depends on the methods of production there was no periodicity. In Uzbekistan,in general ,the Middle Asia, it was doubtful that there was an era of primitive3. Secondly, the population of Central Asia immigrated from Iran and North India,was assumed to be. It is like the era of slavery from the earliest times to be last of the nations of Central Asia until the time of the Bukhara emirs . It was said that there was no change in his life. Raising the issue of chronology of history sent historians and archeologists to work. Towards the end of the first five years, the chronology of the Soviet Union, including the history Uzbekistan to begin the study of written sources on the subject along with the excavation of archeological monuments also began to receive serious attention.This is the beginning work. Archeologists in Moscow, St.Peterhburg and Uzbekistan : A.Yu. Yakubovskiy, G,V, Grigorev, S.P.Tolstov , M.E. Masson, V.A. Shiskin ,Yahyo Gulomov and others stood up. The first case is in Uzbeistan from conducting an archeological searchs on their sides started4.
For example, V.L.Vyatkin in Samarkand in 1925-1930, in 1926-1928 in Termez B.P.Denike, in 1929-1930 A.A.Potapovs in Fergana Valley and in 1932-1933 in Namangan region Uchkurgan distcrit power plant on the river Naryn. St. Petersburg on the occasion of construction preparations, B.A. Latinin from archeologists, in the north-eastern regions of Fergana Valley. In 1934, the St.Petersburg archeologist G.V.Grigorev in Yangiyul distcrit , as a chief professor A.Yu. Yakuboskiy Sankt Peterburg and Uzbek’s scientists in east part of Bukhara region ,archeologists as a chief M.E.Masson , were serious contucdet archeological excavations in the Akhangaran Valley. From 1936 to 1937 this work expanded to include the ancient Termez intensification of scientific work on the excavation of the city together with prof.S.P. Tolstov under his leadership in Khorezm, under the leadership of Shishkin , in west of Bukhara region re-investigations have begun5. This is scientific trips were organized on a large scale,all of which Moscow, St.Petersburg and Uzbekistan archeology logs collaborated. These scientific lines 1939- Irrigation in Uzbekistan in the 1940 s archeology in connection with beginning of construction conducted observations in this regard in the Fergana Valley great results have been achieved.6


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