Draft report for the non-regulated analysis of existing policy for fresh strawberry fruit from the Republic of Korea



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Draft report for the non-regulated analysis of existing policy for fresh strawberry fruit from the Republic of Korea


August 2016

© Commonwealth of Australia 2016



Ownership of intellectual property rights

Unless otherwise noted, copyright (and any other intellectual property rights, if any) in this publication is owned by the Commonwealth of Australia (referred to as the Commonwealth).



Creative Commons licence

All material in this publication is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence, save for content supplied by third parties, photographic images, logos and the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.



by

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Australia Licence is a standard form licence agreement that allows you to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt this publication provided you attribute the work. A summary of the licence terms is available from creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/deed.en. The full licence terms are available from creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/au/legalcode.

Inquiries about the licence and any use of this document should be sent to copyright@agriculture.gov.au.

This publication (and any material sourced from it) should be attributed as: Australian Department of Agriculture and Water Resources 2016, Draft report for the non-regulated analysis of existing policy for fresh strawberry fruit from the Republic of Korea. CC BY 3.0



Cataloguing data

Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources 2016, Draft report for the non-regulated analysis of existing policy for fresh strawberry fruit from the Republic of Korea, Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, Canberra.

This publication is available at agriculture.gov.au.

Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources


GPO Box 858 Canberra ACT 2601

Switchboard: +61 2 6272 3933 or 1800 900 090

Facsimile: +61 2 6272 3307

Email: plant@agriculture.gov.au



Liability

The Australian Government acting through the Department of Agriculture and Water Resources has exercised due care and skill in preparing and compiling the information in this publication. Notwithstanding, the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources, its employees and advisers disclaim all liability, including liability for negligence and for any loss, damage, injury, expense or cost incurred by any person as a result of accessing, using or relying upon any of the information or data in this publication to the maximum extent permitted by law.



Stakeholder submissions on draft reports

This draft report has been issued to give all interested parties an opportunity to comment on relevant technical biosecurity issues, with supporting rationale. A final report will then be produced taking into consideration any comments received.

Submissions should be sent to the Australian Government Department of Agriculture and Water Resources following the conditions specified within the related Biosecurity Advice, which is available at: http://www.agriculture.gov.au/biosecurity/risk-analysis/memos

Contents


Acronyms and abbreviations 7

Summary 9

1Introduction 10

1.1Australia’s biosecurity policy framework 10

1.2This risk analysis 10

2Method for pest risk analysis 13

2.1Stage 1 Initiation 13

2.2Stage 2 Pest risk assessment 14

2.3Stage 3 Pest risk management 22



3Korea’s commercial production practices for strawberries 24

3.1Assumptions used in estimating unrestricted risk 24

3.2Climate in production areas 24

3.3Pre-harvest 26

3.4Harvesting and handling procedures 34

3.5Post-harvest 34

3.6Export capability 39

4Pest risk assessments for quarantine pests 41

4.1Angular leaf spot 44

4.2Thrips 52

4.3Kanzawa spider mite 54

4.4Brown rot 58

4.5Spotted wing drosophila 63

4.6Pest risk assessment conclusions 65

6Pest risk management 68

6.1Pest risk management measures 68

6.2Operational system for the maintenance and verification of phytosanitary status 73

6.3Uncategorised pests 76

6.4 Review of processes 76

6.5 Meeting Australia’s food laws 77



7Conclusion 78

Appendix A Initiation and categorisation for pests of fresh strawberry fruit from Korea 79

Glossary 135

References 140

Figures


Tables


Maps

Map Map of Australia



the boundaries for the states and territories are highlighted and the capital cities for each state and territory is indicated

Map A guide to Australia’s bio-climatic zones



the different climate classes across australia are highlighted. there are six climatic classes, these being: - equatorial (far northern most region of queensland and northern territory) - tropical (costal areas and northern parts of western australia, norhtern territory and queensland) - subtropical (eastern coast of queendland and nothern new south wales) - desert (centeral part of australia spanning across western australia, south australia, northern territory, queensland and new south wales) - grassland (sourrounding the dessert areas) - temperate (eastern coast of new south wales, most of victoria, tasmania, southern edge of south australia and western australia.

Figure Diagram of strawberries

strawberry diagram describing all parts of a strawberry plant including the roots, crown, petiole, bract and leaf. it also describes the flower including the petal, calyx, pollen sacs, ovaries, as well as the strawberry fruit with peduncle, calyx and achene.

A shows the main parts of a strawberry runner B shows detail of the strawberry fruit

Modified from Svensk Botanik (Palmstruch et al. 1807)




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