d.1. Designed for deciding a course relative to any geographical reference without real-time human assistance;
d.2. Acoustic data or command link; or d.3. Optical data or command link exceeding 1,000 m;
e. Ocean salvage systems with a lifting capacity exceeding 5 MN for salvaging objects from depths exceeding 250 m and having any of the following:
e.1. Dynamic positioning systems capable of position keeping within 20 m of a given point provided by the navigation system; or
e.2. Seafloor navigation and navigation integration systems, for depths exceeding 1,000 m and with positioning accuracies to within 10 m of a predetermined point;
f. Surface-effect vehicles (fully skirted variety) having all of the following:
f.1. Maximum design speed, fully loaded, exceeding 30 knots in a significant wave height of 1.25 m (Sea State 3) or more;
f.2. Cushion pressure exceeding 3,830 Pa; and
f.3.Light-ship-to-full-load displacement ratio of less than 0.70;
g. Surface-effect vehicles (rigid sidewalls) with a maximum design speed, fully loaded, exceeding 40 knots in a significant wave height of 3.25 m (Sea State 5) or more;
h. Hydrofoil vessels with active systems for automatically controlling foil systems, with a maximum design speed, fully loaded, of 40 knots or more in a significant wave height of 3.25 m (Sea State 5) or more;
i. ‘Small waterplane area vessels’ having any of the following:
i.1. Full load displacement exceeding 500 tonnes with a maximum design speed, fully loaded, exceeding 35 knots in a significant wave height of 3.25 m (Sea State 5) or more; or
i.2. Full load displacement exceeding 1,500 tonnes with a maximum design speed, fully loaded, exceeding 25 knots in a significant wave height of 4 m (Sea State 6) or more.
8A002 Marine systems, equipment, “parts” and “components,” as follows (see List of Items Controlled).
a.“components,” “specially designed” or modified for submersible vehicles and designed to operate at depths exceeding 1,000 m, as follows:
a.1. Pressure housings or pressure hulls with a maximum inside chamber diameter exceeding 1.5 m;
a.2. Direct current propulsion motors or thrusters;
a.3. Umbilical cables, and connectors therefor, using optical fiber and having synthetic strength members;
a.4. “Parts” and “components” manufactured from material specified by ECCN 8C001;
Marine - Systems “specially designed” or modified for the automated control of the motion of submersible vehicles controlled by 8A001
b. Systems “specially designed” or modified for the automated control of the motion of submersible vehicles controlled by 8A001, using navigation data, having closed loop servo-controls and having any of the following:
b.1. Enabling a vehicle to move within 10 m of a predetermined point in the water column;
b.2. Maintaining the position of the vehicle within 10 m of a predetermined point in the water column; or
b.3. Maintaining the position of the vehicle within 10 m while following a cable on or under the seabed;
c. Fiber optic pressure hull penetrators;
Marine - Underwater vision systems
d. Underwater vision systems as follows:
d.1. Television systems and television cameras, as follows:
d.1.a. Television systems (comprising camera, monitoring and signal transmission equipment) having a ‘limiting resolution’ when measured in air of more than 800 lines and “specially designed” or modified for remote operation with a submersible vehicle;
d.1.b. Underwater television cameras having a ‘limiting resolution’ when measured in air of more than 1,100 lines;
d.1.c. Low light level television cameras “specially designed” or modified for underwater use and having all of the following:
d.1.c.1. Image intensifier tubes controlled by 6A002.a.2.a; and
d.1.c.2. More than 150,000 “active pixels” per solid state area array;
Technical Note: ‘Limiting resolution’ is a measure of horizontal resolution usually expressed in terms of the maximum number of lines per picture height discriminated on a test chart, using IEEE Standard 208/1960 or any equivalent standard.
d.2. Systems “specially designed” or modified for remote operation with an underwater vehicle, employing techniques to minimize the effects of back scatter and including range-gated illuminators or “laser” systems;
Marine - Photographic still cameras
e. Photographic still cameras “specially designed” or modified for underwater use below 150 m, with a film format of 35 mm or larger and having any of the following:
e.1. Annotation of the film with data provided by a source external to the camera;
e.2. Automatic back focal distance correction; or
e.3. Automatic compensation control “specially designed” to permit an underwater camera housing to be usable at depths exceeding 1,000 m;
Marine - Light systems
g. Light systems “specially designed” or modified for underwater use, as follows:
g.1. Stroboscopic light systems capable of a light output energy of more than 300 J per flash and a flash rate of more than 5 flashes per second;
g.2. Argon arc light systems “specially designed” for use below 1,000 m;
Marine - Robots
h. “Robots” “specially designed” for underwater use, controlled by using a dedicated computer and having any of the following:
h.1. Systems that control the “robot” using information from sensors which measure force or torque applied to an external object, distance.
h.2. The ability to exert a force of 250 N or more or a torque of 250 Nm or more and using titanium based alloys or “composite” “fibrous or filamentary materials” in their structural members.
Remotely controlled articulated manipulators
Remotely controlled articulated manipulators “specially designed” or modified for use submersible vehicles and having any of the following
i.1. Systems which control the manipulator using information from sensors which measure any of the following:
i.1.a. Torque or force applied to an external object; or
i.2. Controlled by proportional master-slave techniques or by using a dedicated computer and having 5 degrees of ‘freedom of movement’ or more;
Technical Note: Only functions having proportional control using positional feedback or by using a dedicated computer are counted when determining the number of degrees of ‘freedom of movement’.
1A004 Protective and detection equipment
and “components,” not “specially designed”
for military use, as follows (see List of Items
Full face masks, filter canisters and decontamination equipment therefor, designed or modified for defense against any of the
following, and “specially designed” “components” therefor:
Note: 1A004.a includes Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) that are designed or modified for defense against agents or materials, listed in 1A004.a.
Technical Note: For the purpose of 1A004.a,
full face masks are also known as gas masks a.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war’;
a.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war’;
b. Protective suits, gloves and shoes, “specially designed” or modified for defense against any of the following:
b.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war’;
b.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war’; or
b.3. Chemical warfare (CW) agents;
c. Detection systems, “specially designed” or modified for detection or identification of any of the following, and “specially designed” “components” therefor:
c.1. Biological agents ‘adapted for use in war’;
c.2. Radioactive materials ‘adapted for use in war’; or
c.3. Chemical warfare (CW) agents;
d. Electronic equipment designed for automatically detecting or identifying the presence of “explosives” (as listed in the annex at
the end of Category 1) residues and utilizing ‘trace detection’ techniques (e.g., surface acoustic wave, ion mobility spectrometry, differential mobility spectrometry, mass
Technical Note: ‘Trace detection’ is defined as the capability to detect less than 1 ppm vapor, or 1 mg solid or liquid.
Note 1: 1A004.d. does not apply to equipment “specially designed” for laboratory use.
Note 2: 1A004.d. does not apply to non-contact walk-through security portals.
Note: 1A004 does not control: a. Personal radiation monitoring dosimeters; b. Occupational health or safety equipment
limited by design or function to protect against hazards specific to residential safety or civil industries, including: 1. Mining;
1. 1A004 includes equipment, “components” that have been ‘identified,’ successfully tested to national standards or
otherwise proven effective, for the detection of or defense against radioactive materials “adapted for use in war,” biological agents “adapted for use in war,” chemical warfare agent, ‘simulants’ or “riot control agents,” even if such equipment
environmental, waste management, or the food industry. 2. ‘Simulant’: A substance or material that is used in place of toxic agent (chemical or biological) in training, research, testing or evaluation.
1A005 Body armor and “specially designed” “components” therefor, as follows (see List of
a. Soft body armor not manufactured to military standards or specifications, or to their equivalents, and “specially designed”
b. Hard body armor plates providing ballistic protection equal to or less than level IIIA (NIJ 0101.06, July 2008) or national equivalents.
Notes to ECCN 1A005:
1. This entry does not control body armor when accompanying its user for the user’s own personal protection.
2. This entry does not control body armor designed to provide frontal protection only from both fragment and blast from non-military explosive devices.
1A227 High-density (lead glass or other) radiation shielding windows, having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled), and “specially designed” frames therefor.
a. A “cold area” greater than 0.09 m2;
b. A density greater than 3 g/cm3; and
c. A thickness of 100 mm or greater.
1A985 Fingerprinting powders, dyes, and inks.
Same as in heading.
1A999 Specific processing equipment, n.e.s., as follows (see List of Items controlled).
a. Radiation detection, monitoring and measurement equipment, n.e.s.;
b. Radiographic detection equipment such as x-ray converters, and storage phosphor image plates.
1B117 Batch mixers with provision for mixing under vacuum in the range from zero to 13.326 kPa and with temperature control capability of the mixing chamber and having all of the following characteristics (see List of Items Controlled), and “specially designed”
“parts” and “components” therefor.
a. A total volumetric capacity of 110 liters (30 gallons) or more; and
b. At least one mixing/kneading shaft mounted off center.
1C351 Human and zoonotic pathogens and “toxins”, as follows (see List of Items
License Requirement Notes:
1. All vaccines and “immunotoxins” are excluded from the scope of this entry. Certain medical products and diagnostic and food testing kits that contain biological toxins controlled under paragraph (d) of this entry, with the exception of toxins controlled for CW reasons under d.11 and d.12, are excluded from the scope of this entry. Vaccines, “immunotoxins”, certain medical products, and diagnostic and food testing kits excluded from the scope of this entry are controlled under ECCN 1C991. 2. For the purposes of this entry, only saxitoxin is controlled under paragraph d.12;other members of the paralytic shellfish poisonfamily (e.g. neosaxitoxin) are designated EAR99. 3. Clostridium perfringens strains, otherthan the epsilon toxin-producing strains of Clostridium perfringens described in c.9, are excluded from the scope of this entry, since they
may be used as positive control cultures for food testing and quality control. 4. Unless specified elsewhere in this ECCN 1C351 (e.g., in License Requirement Notes 1-3), this ECCN controls all biological agents and “toxins,” regardless of quantity or
attenuation, that are identified in the List of Items Controlled for this ECCN, including small quantities or attenuated strains of select biological agents or “toxins” that are excluded from the lists of select biological agents or “toxins” by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture, or the Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, in accordance with their regulations in 9 CFR part 121 and 42 CFR part 73, respectively 5. Biological agents and pathogens are controlled under this ECCN 1C351 when they are an isolated live culture of a pathogen agent, or a preparation of a toxin agent that has been isolated or extracted from any source or material, including living material that has been deliberately inoculated or contaminated with the agent. Isolated live cultures of a pathogen agent include live cultures in dormant form or in dried preparations, whether the agent is natural, enhanced or modified “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows:
a.1. African horse sickness virus;
a.2. African swine fever virus;
a.3. Andes virus;
a.4. Avian influenza (AI) viruses identified as having high pathogenicity (HP), as follows:
a.4.a. AI viruses that have an intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) in 6-week-old chickens greater than 1.2; or
a.4.b. AI viruses that cause at least 75% mortality in 4- to 8-week-old chickens infected intravenously. Note: Avian influenza (AI) viruses of the H5 or H7 subtype that do not have either of the characteristics described in 1C352.a.4 (specifically, 1C352.a.4.a or a.4.b) should be sequenced to determine whether multiple basic amino acids are present at the cleavage site of the haemagglutinin molecule (HA0). If the amino acid motif is similar to that observed for other HPAI isolates, then the isolate being tested should be considered as HPAI and the virus is controlled under 1C352.a.4. a.5. Bluetongue virus; a.5. Bluetongue virus;
a.40. Rabies virus and all other members of the Lyssavirus genus;
a.41. Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus; Technical Note: 1C351.a.41 includes reconstructed replication competent forms of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus containing any portion of the coding regions of all eight gene segments. a.42. Rift Valley fever virus;
a.43. Rinderpest virus;
a.44. Rocio virus;
a.45. Sabia virus;
a.46. Seoul virus;
a.47. Severe acute respiratory syndromerelated coronavirus (SARS-related coronavirus);
c.17. Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, O145, O157, and other shiga toxin producing serogroups;
Note: Shiga toxin producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is also known as enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) or
verocytotoxin producing E. coli (VTEC).
c.18. Shigella dysenteriae;
c.19. Vibrio cholerae; or
c.20. Yersinia pestis.
d. “Toxins” identified on the Australia Group (AG) “List of Biological Agents for Export Control,” as follows, and “subunits” thereof: