Medicine extraordinary situation Text test questions



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Medicine extraordinary situation

Text test questions



  1. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. When you will take damage if the definition of the musculoskeletal system?

    1. In case of complaints of pain in the area of ​​bones

    2. During the initial examination.

    3. * During the secondary inspection.

    4. Identified by chance

    5. None of the above.

  2. You came to the view of the victim at the scene. On examination, the left hip you found swelling and bleeding in the tissues. What additional data required for posting diagnosis of hip fracture?

    1. Local pain.

    2. * Shortening of the limb.

    3. Deformation of limbs.

    4. Lack of active movements.

    5. All of the above.

  3. You came to the view of the victim at the scene. During palpation of the shin bones found crackling. What is the most likely diagnosis was possible in this case.

    1. Trauma of the knee joint

    2. Bruising leg

    3. Sprain ankle joint iambic

    4. * Fracture of lower leg bones.

    5. All of the above.

  4. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. On examination you find broken leg. In which case you will spend transport immobilization?

    1. When convinced of the correctness of transport immobilization

    2. Always.

    3. * When arriving late, "fast"

    4. When there is no bleeding

    5. All of the above.

  5. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination you find broken collarbone. How to transport immobilization?

    1. * Lock the hand of the affected side of the maximum bent at the elbow and torso.

    2. Transport immobilization is performed.

    3. Fix the arm and torso, straighten at the elbow.

    4. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm

    5. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm and shoulder.

  6. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you find a fracture of the humerus. How to transport immobilization?

    1. * Lock the arm and torso, straighten the elbow.

    2. Transport immobilization is performed.

    3. Fix the arm of the affected side of the maximum bent at the elbow and torso.

    4. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm

    5. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm and shoulder.

  7. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you find a forearm fracture. How to transport immobilization?

    1. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm

    2. Transport immobilization is performed.

    3. Fix the arm and torso, straighten at the elbow.

    4. * Put on forearm makeshift splint and record arm bent at the elbow and torso.

    5. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm and shoulder.

  8. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you have found the presence of pain in the neck. How to immobilization of the affected segment?

    1. Prohibited conduct immobilization

    2. Put the victim on the shield and fix.

    3. Leave a victim on the ground, resting under the neck roll

    4. * Put the victim on board, fix it, tucked under the neck roll.

    5. Does not require immobilization.

  9. You find adult victim conscious in position on the stomach. What should be your next steps?

    1. * Introduce, explain, have completed first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    2. Call an ambulance.

    3. Find out if there is bleeding?

    4. Start the tour by ABC method.

    5. Call for help others witness the event.

  10. On the site you found the child victim unaccompanied. What should be your next steps?

    1. Find out if there is bleeding.

    2. Call an ambulance.

    3. Start the tour by ABC method.

    4. * Introduce and explain to others who have undergone first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    5. Call for help parents and others witness events.

  11. On the site you found the child victim who is conscious unaccompanied by parents. That gives you a reason to give him first aid?

    1. State child victim.

    2. Allowing others witness the event.

    3. * Availability of external factors that threaten the life of the child.

    4. No other witnesses to the accident.

    5. All of right.

  12. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. In case you flip the victim on his back?

    1. When you receive permission from others witness the event.

    2. * If there is no possibility to detect signs of life.

    3. In the presence of relatives of the victim.

    4. With no witnesses to the accident.

    5. If bleeding.

  13. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is breathing, no bleeding. Your actions on.

    1. Check the victim presence pulse.

    2. * Call an ambulance.

    3. Put victim in stable position

    4. Call for help others witness the event.

    5. Remove the victim from the scene.

  14. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you have found the presence of pain in the thoracic spine. How to immobilization of the affected segment?

    1. * Put the victim on the shield back down, fix it, tucked under his neck and back cushion.

    2. Put the victim on soft couches back down and fix.

    3. Put the victim on a stretcher without moving the body

    4. Prohibited conduct immobilization

    5. None of the above.

  15. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you have found the presence of pain in the pelvic bones. How to immobilization of the affected segment?

    1. Prohibited conduct immobilization

    2. Put the victim on the shield back up and secure.

    3. Put the victim on soft couches inside the results pose.

    4. Put the victim on the shield back down, fix it, tucked under back cushion.

    5. * None of the above.

  16. You came to the view of the victim at the scene. During palpation of the forearm bones found crackling. What is the most likely diagnosis was possible in this case.

    1. Contusion forearm

    2. * Fracture of forearm bones.

    3. Sprains forearm

    4. Fracture of radial-carpal joint

    5. Forearm muscle spasm

  17. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. On examination you find broken shoulder. In which case you will spend transport immobilization?

    1. * When arriving late, "fast"

    2. Always.

    3. When convinced of the correctness of transport immobilization

    4. When is a fracture

    5. All of the above.

  18. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination, you find a fracture of the humerus. How to transport immobilization?

    1. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm

    2. Transport immobilization is performed.

    3. Fix the arm of the affected side of the maximum bent at the elbow and torso.

    4. * Lock the arm and torso, straighten at the elbow.

    5. None of the above.

  19. You came to the view of the victim at the scene. On examination the left leg you found swelling and bleeding in the tissues. What additional data required for posting diagnosis fractured shin bones?

    1. Local pain.

    2. * Warp limb axis.

    3. Bleeding from extremity.

    4. All of the above.

    5. None of the above.

  20. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. On examination you find broken collarbone. How to transport immobilization?

    1. Impose a makeshift splint on the forearm

    2. Transport immobilization is performed.

    3. Fix the arm and torso, straighten at the elbow.

    4. * Lock the hand of the affected side of the maximum bent at the elbow and torso.

    5. None of the above.

  21. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. When you will take damage if the definition of the musculoskeletal system?

    1. Identified by chance

    2. During the initial examination.

    3. In case of complaints of pain in the area of ​​bones

    4. * During the secondary inspection.

    5. None of the above.

  22. What to do when approaching the scene you find adult victim conscious in position on the stomach. What should be your next steps?

    1. Start the tour by ABC method.

    2. * Introduce, explain, have completed first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    3. Call an ambulance.

    4. Find out whether you are safe to the scene?

    5. Determine whether there is a first aid kit?

  23. On the site you found the child victim, accompanied by parents. What should be your next steps?

    1. Call an ambulance.

    2. * Introduce and explain to parents that have a first aid course, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    3. Find out if there is bleeding.

    4. Start the tour by ABC method.

    5. Call for help parents and others witness events.

  24. At the site you found the child victim who is conscious and accompanied by their parents. That gives you a reason to give her first aid?

    1. Availability of external factors that threaten life.

    2. The presence of bleeding in a child.

    3. * Allowing parents.

    4. No other witnesses to the accident.

    5. All of the above.

  25. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. What are the steps you will perform in the first place?

    1. Ensure airway.

    2. Determine whether fractures

    3. * Determine whether the victim is breathing

    4. Check for pulse

    5. Find out if there is bleeding

  26. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. What is your performance will be next?

    1. Ensure patency of the upper airway

    2. * Determine whether the victim is breathing.

    3. Check the victim presence pulse.

    4. Check the victim, or no bleeding.

    5. All of the above.

  27. Ye came to assist affected at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is not breathing. Your actions on.

    1. Ensure patency of the upper airway and do 4 injection.

    2. Call for help around witnesses and call an ambulance.

    3. Check in affected availability rate and transfer the victim in stable position

    4. Ensure patency of the upper airway and check the victim presence pulse.

    5. * Ensure patency of the upper airway and make 30 taps on the chest.

  28. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is not breathing. You ensure the patency of the upper airway have 30 taps on the chest and made two unsuccessful injection. You improved airway and repeated 2 injection. They were unsuccessful. Your actions on.

    1. Call for help around witnesses and call an ambulance.

    2. * Implement 4.5 energetic pres on his stomach above the navel.

    3. Put victim in stable position.

    4. To improve the patency of the upper airway and check the victim presence pulse for 10 seconds.

    5. Start mechanical ventilation.

  29. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is not breathing, the carotid artery no pulse. Describe mechanical ventilation and closed cardiac massage when you spend it personally.

    1. * 30 press on the chest for 20 seconds + 2 full breaths for 3 s

    2. 4 complete breaths per 6 s + 15 press on the chest for 10 seconds

    3. 2 incomplete breaths for 3 s + 5 press on the chest for 10 seconds

    4. 2 light breaths for 3 s + 15 press on the chest for 10 seconds

    5. 30 press on the chest for 10 seconds two full breaths for 3 s

  30. You came to help the boy 5 years on the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is not breathing, the carotid artery no pulse. Describe mechanical ventilation and closed cardiac massage when you spend it with the assistant.

    1. One easy breath for 1.5 sec + 5 press on the chest for 5 seconds

    2. 2 full breaths for 3 s + 30 press on the chest for 10 seconds

    3. One part inspiration for 1.5 sec + 10 pres on the chest for 10 seconds

    4. * 30 press on the chest for 20 seconds + 2 full breaths for 3 s

    5. 2 full breaths for 3 s + 30 press on the chest for 10 seconds

  31. Terminal pause lasts

    1. * Up to 1 hour

    2. Up to 30 minutes

    3. By the disappearance of life

    4. By the time of cardiac arrest

    5. Up to 1 hour

  32. What happens to blood pressure during the agony

    1. Grows on inspiration

    2. Do not change

    3. Dropped to 0

    4. * Grows

    5. Not determined

  33. Things to do in the absence of injured self-breath:

    1. * ALV.

    2. In the lower third of the right thigh tourniquet-twist

    3. Supply of air to the lungs.

    4. Tracheostomy

    5. Make konikotomiyu

  34. In the first stage of resuscitation provided input

    1. * Not imposes any means.

    2. Epinephrine, atropine i sodium bicarbonate

    3. Only adrenaline.

    4. Only atropine

    5. Only bicarbonate

  35. Which of the following symptoms are not typical clinical death?

    1. * Reduce heart weakened sharply

    2. Consciousness absent.

    3. The pupils were dilated but reactive to light

    4. Systole no

    5. Breathing is missing

  36. What is the duration of the organism in a state of clinical death?

    1. 2-4 min

    2. 30-40 minutes

    3. 10-12 minutes

    4. 13-15 min

    5. * 5-7 minutes

  37. In which organ of the fastest developing irreversible changes in high places?

    1. In the lungs.

    2. In the heart.

    3. In the peripheral nervous system

    4. * The brain

    5. In the kidney

  38. Which of the following clinical signs is not typical of agony?

    1. Shallow, shortness of breath.

    2. Pulse rate of 20-30 in 1 min

    3. The value of blood pressure 20-40 mm Hg. c ..

    4. Involuntary urination and defecation

    5. * Expressed tendon reflexes.

  39. When conducting external cardiac massage most often a complication

    1. Rupture of liver

    2. Break lungs ..

    3. * Rib Fracture

    4. Break diaphragm.

    5. . Rupture of the stomach

  40. In 3 minutes ago victim stopped breathing and heartbeat. Skin pale and cyanotic. The pupils were dilated. How is this condition?

    1. Terminal pause.

    2. * Clinical death.

    3. Brain Death.

    4. Social death.

    5. Agony ..

  41. When electric shock and lightning one must:

    1. Carry only defibrillation

    2. Enter vnutrivenne potassium chloride

    3. Victim buried in the ground

    4. * Hold defibrillation, CPR heart massage i ..

    5. All of the above.

  42. During external cardiac massage reanimation puts based on:

    1. The upper third of the sternum

    2. The lower third of the sternum

    3. * Middle third of sternum

    4. Top heart

    5. Areas 3 4rebra from left.

  43. Which of the following features are not characteristic of biological death?

    1. * Reduction of tendon reflexes.

    2. Pale skin

    3. Stains on the back of blue-purple

    4. Sagging jaw

    5. Sustained dilated pupils and lack of response to light

  44. Which of these basic features indicates inefficiency resuscitation?

    1. * Dilated pupils

    2. The appearance of the pulse on the radial artery.

    3. Respirogenesis

    4. Pupillary

    5. Recovery of consciousness

  45. Mandatory requirement of mechanical ventilation "with mouth-to-mouth"

    1. Chairman brought to the chest

    2. The provisions affected by zhyvoti

    3. Head lowered

    4. * Head thrown back.

    5. Nostrills sufferer open

  46. Artificial lung ventilation using apparatus made

    1. For long-term ventilation

    2. For the regulation of respiratory rhythm.

    3. For first aid

    4. * To eliminate hypoksemiyi

    5. To prevent aspiration of airway does not require immobilization.

  47. The situation you find adult victim conscious in position on the stomach. What should be your next steps?

    1. * Introduce, explain, have completed first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    2. Call an ambulance.

    3. Find out if there is bleeding?

    4. Start the tour by ABC method.

    5. Call for help others witness the event.

  48. The situation you found the child victim unaccompanied. What should be your next steps?

    1. Find out if there is bleeding.

    2. Call an ambulance.

    3. Start the tour by ABC method.

    4. * Introduce and explain to others who have undergone first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    5. Call for help parents and others witness events.

  49. In the scene you find the child victim who is conscious unaccompanied by parents. That gives you a reason to give him first aid?

    1. State child victim.

    2. Allowing others witness the event.

    3. * Availability of external factors that threaten the life of the child.

    4. No other witnesses to the accident.

    5. All of corectlly.

  50. You came to assist adult victim at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. In case you flip the victim on his back?

    1. When you receive permission from others witness the event.

    2. * If there is no possibility to detect signs of life.

    3. In the presence of relatives of the victim.

    4. With no witnesses to the accident.

    5. If bleeding.

  51. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is breathing, no bleeding. Your actions on.

    1. Check the victim presence pulse.

    2. * Call an ambulance.

    3. Put victim in stable position

    4. Call for help others witness the event.

    5. Remove the victim from the scene.

  52. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. The victim is not breathing. You ensure the patency of the upper airway and made two unsuccessful injection. Your actions on.

    1. Check in affected availability rate and transfer the victim in stable position.

    2. Call for help around witnesses and call an ambulance.

    3. * Improve the airway and repeat 2 injection.

    4. To improve the patency of the upper airway and check the victim presence pulse.

    5. To improve the patency of the upper airway and do 4 injection.

  53. You came to assist the injured pregnant woman on the scene. She is unconscious and lying on its side. Suffered not breathing. You turned her on her back, to ensure the patency of the upper airway and made two unsuccessful injection. You improved airway and repeated 2 injection. They were unsuccessful. Your actions on.

    1. Start mechanical ventilation.

    2. Call for help around witnesses and call an ambulance.

    3. 4.5 Implement energetic press on his stomach above the navel and bring the victim in stable position.

    4. To improve the patency of the upper airway and check the victim presence pulse for 10 seconds.

    5. * Implement 4.5 energetic press to the chest.

  54. Approaching the scene you find adult victim conscious in position on the stomach. What should be your next steps?

    1. Start the tour by ABC method.

    2. * Introduce, explain, have completed first aid, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    3. Call an ambulance.

    4. Find out whether you are safe to the scene?

    5. Determine whether there is a first aid kit?

  55. The situation you found the child victim, accompanied by parents. What should be your next steps?

    1. Call an ambulance.

    2. * Introduce and explain to parents that have a first aid course, offer help to explain that getting ready to do.

    3. Find out if there is bleeding.

    4. Start the tour by ABC method.

    5. Call for help parents and others witness events.

  56. The scene you found the child victim who is conscious and accompanied by their parents. That gives you a reason to give her first aid?

    1. Availability of external factors that threaten life.

    2. The presence of bleeding in a child.

    3. * Allowing parents.

    4. No other witnesses to the accident.

    5. All of the above.

  57. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. What are the steps you will perform in the first place?

    1. Ensure airway.

    2. Determine whether fractures

    3. * Determine whether the victim is breathing

    4. Check for pulse

    5. Find out if there is bleeding

  58. You came to assist the injured at the scene. He is unconscious and lying on his stomach. You turned him on his back. What is your performance will be next?


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